Yaquina Head Light

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Yaquina Head Lighthouse)
Jump to: navigation, search
This article is about the lighthouse north of Newport. For the lighthouse in Newport at Yaquina Bay, see Yaquina Bay Light.
Yaquina Head Light
Yaquina Head Lighthouse Oregon 2010.jpg
Yaquina Head Lighthouse in 2010.
Yaquina Head Light is located in Oregon
Yaquina Head Light
Location Newport, Oregon
Coordinates 44°40′36.4″N 124°4′45.9″W / 44.676778°N 124.079417°W / 44.676778; -124.079417Coordinates: 44°40′36.4″N 124°4′45.9″W / 44.676778°N 124.079417°W / 44.676778; -124.079417
Year first lit 1873
Automated 1966
Deactivated Active
Foundation Brick on basalt rock
Construction Brick
Tower shape Conical
Height 93 feet (28 m), 114 steps
Original lens First order Fixed Fresnel lens. Lard Oil 1873 - 1887, Kerosene 1887 - ?, Vapor Oil ? - 1933, Electrified 1933-1939 with a solid white light (1 kW Halogen Bulb made by GE), 1939- 500 watt bulb blinking in pattern.
Range 18.5 nautical miles (34.3 km; 21.3 mi)
Characteristic Originally Solid White (non-rotating). After 1939: 2 seconds on, 2 seconds off, 2 seconds on, 14 seconds off
Yaquina Head Lighthouse
Nearest city Newport, Oregon
Area 4.6 acres (1.9 ha)
Governing body Federal
MPS Lighthouse Stations of Oregon MPS
NRHP Reference # 73002340[1]
Added to NRHP May 13, 1993

The Yaquina Head Light, also known early in its existence as the Cape Foulweather Lighthouse, is a lighthouse on the Oregon Coast of the United States. It is located in Lincoln County, near the mouth of the Yaquina River near Newport at Yaquina Head. The tower stands 93 feet (28 m) tall, and is the tallest lighthouse in Oregon.

History[edit]

Built from 1871 to 1873 by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Yaquina Head Light was first lit August 20,[citation needed] 1873 and automated in 1966. It is active with an identifying light characteristic of two seconds on, two seconds off, two seconds on, and 14 seconds off.

A two-story keepers' dwelling was built at the time the lighthouse tower and its adjoining oil house were constructed. In 1923, a one-story keepers' house was added a short distance to the east. In 1938, a one-story building replaced the original two-story dwelling. Both dwellings and all outbuildings (a shed, a garage, etc.) were then demolished in 1984. The space is now a grassy area.

Yaquina Head typically had three lighthouse keepers under the U.S. Lighthouse Service; a Head Keeper, and First and Second Assistant. The Head Keeper as well as the First Assistant usually stayed in the two-story keepers' dwelling with their families and the Second Assistant was usually a bachelor. In 1939 the U.S. Coast Guard took over the management. During WWII 17 Servicemen were stationed at Yaquina Head keeping a lookout for enemy ships.

The lighthouse still uses its original 1868 French-made, 1st order, Fixed Fresnel lens; visible 19 miles (31 km) out to sea. In 1993, the lighthouse was listed in the National Register of Historic Places (reference number #73002340).

Film and television location[edit]

The lighthouse was used as the setting for the "Moesko Island Lighthouse" in the 2002 film The Ring. It had already appeared in an earlier film, Hysterical (1983), and The Nancy Drew Mysteries 1977 television series episode "The Mystery of Pirate's Cove".

Yaquina Head Interpretive Center[edit]

The 100-acre site was established by Congress as an Outstanding Natural Area in 1980. The Bureau of Land Management manages the Yaquina Head Outstanding Natural Area, including the lighthouse. The Yaquina Head Interpretive Center opened in 1997 and includes exhibits about the history and preservation of the lighthouse, and the marine life found in tide pools and along the coast. The center includes a gift shop.

The lighthouse lantern is operated by the U.S. Coast Guard and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service monitors off-shore bird rookeries and wildlife. The Oregon Department of Fish and Wildlife manages the intertidal animals and the Oregon Department of State Lands is responsible for the intertidal lands.

Lighthouse tours available daily, noon to 4:00 p.m.

See also[edit]

Gallery[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  2. ^ Shown before the restoration of the entry building. The second chimney was put back in place and windows which had been at the north and south sides and had been bricked up were returned.

References[edit]

External links[edit]