Yaquq

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Yaquq
Huqoq a general view (2).jpg
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Yaquq is located in Mandatory Palestine
Yaquq
Yaquq
Arabic ياقوق
Name meaning from personal name[1]
Subdistrict Tiberias
Coordinates 32°53′5″N 35°28′44″E / 32.88472°N 35.47889°E / 32.88472; 35.47889Coordinates: 32°53′5″N 35°28′44″E / 32.88472°N 35.47889°E / 32.88472; 35.47889
Population 210[2] (1945)
Area 4,229[2] dunams
Date of depopulation May, 1948[3]
Cause(s) of depopulation
Current localities Hukok[4]

Yaquq (Arabic: يعقوق‎) was a Palestinian Arab village, which was depopulated during the 1947–1948 Civil War in Mandatory Palestine on May 1, 1948. It was located 12.5 km north of Tiberias and was built at the site of the ancient Jewish village Huqoq.

History[edit]

The earliest mention of the name Yaquq is in the text Signs of the Tomb Inscription by Rabbi Jacob, emissary of the Yeshiva of Rabbi Jehiel of Paris (before 1257 CE).[5]

In 1596, Yaquq was a part of the Ottoman nahiya ("subdistrict") of Jira under the liwa' ("district") of Safad, with a population of 396 Muslims. It paid taxes on a number of crops and produce, including wheat, barley and olives, goats, beehives, and a press which was either used for processing grapes or olives.[6][7] Victor Guérin described the village as having about 20 stone houses.[8] By 1881, it had about 200 Muslim inhabitants, and was surrounded by arable land. There were many cisterns in the area, and there was a "good spring".[9]

In 1945 it had a population of 210.[2][10] In 1944/45 the village had 1,010 dunams of land used for cereals, and 24 dunams irrigated or used for orchards.[11][12] A kibbutz using the old Biblical name of Hukok was established near the site on 11 July 1945.[13]

Following its depopulation in May 1948, the village was used as a training site for the Israeli army until it was bulldozed in 1968.[14] Khalidi described the place in 1992:

Stone rubble covers the entire site. There is one palm tree in the center and an olive grove on the edge. Part of the surrounding land is cultivated by Israelis, while the remainder is used as a grazing area. A canal that passes to the west is part of the Israeli National Water Carrier, the water project that carries water from Lake Tiberias to the central coastal plains.[12]


References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 138
  2. ^ a b c Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 73
  3. ^ Morris, 2004, p.xvii, village #73. Gives cause of depopulation as "?"
  4. ^ Khalidi 1992, p. 547
  5. ^ Lissovsky, Nurit (2008). "Hukkok, Yaquq and Habakkuk's Tomb: Changes over Time and Space".[dead link] Palestine Exploration Quarterly 140 (2): 103–118.
  6. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 177. Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p. 546
  7. ^ Note that Rhode, 1979, p. 6 writes that the register that Hütteroth and Abdulfattah studied was not from 1595/6, but from 1548/9
  8. ^ Guerin, 1880, p. 354 ff
  9. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1881, SWP I, p. 364. Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p. 547
  10. ^ Khalidi, 1992, p.546
  11. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 123
  12. ^ a b Khalidi, 1992, p.547
  13. ^ Ein Hokuk and the story of Habakkuk Ynetnews, 21 March 2007
  14. ^ Magness, 2011, "Huqoq - Preliminary Report"

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]

32°53′05″N 35°28′44″E / 32.8847108638158°N 35.4789264922976°E / 32.8847108638158; 35.4789264922976