Yarlington

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Yarlington
Stone building with square tower separated from the road in the foreground by a stone wall.
Church of St. Mary, Yarlington
Yarlington is located in Somerset
Yarlington
Yarlington
 Yarlington shown within Somerset
Population 123 [1]
OS grid reference ST655295
District South Somerset
Shire county Somerset
Region South West
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Wincanton
Postcode district BA9
Police Avon and Somerset
Fire Devon and Somerset
Ambulance South Western
EU Parliament South West England
List of places
UK
England
Somerset

Coordinates: 51°03′49″N 2°29′37″W / 51.0637°N 2.4937°W / 51.0637; -2.4937

Yarlington is a village and civil parish, near the source of the River Cam, in the English county of Somerset.

Administratively, Yarlington shares a parish council with nearby North Cadbury and forms part of the district of South Somerset.

The village gives its name to the Yarlington Mill cider apple.[2]

The village hosts the Yarlington Wassail which has been recently revived.

History[edit]

It was known as Gerlincgetuna, meaning the settlement of Gerla's people, in the Domesday Book of 1086. The manor passed in the 12th century to the Montagues, who later became the earls of Salisbury.

Henry VIII gave the manor to his last wife Katherine Parr in 1544 and, in 1547, her brother William Parr, Marquis of Northampton, sold the reversion by licence to Thomas Smyth (Smythe/Smith).[3] Thomas Smith was knighted in 1548. Sir Thomas Smith was described as ‘of Ankerwicke, in the county of Berks, Knight’ when by deed of 6 July 1556, he sold the manor and advowson to William Rosewell, of Loxton, in the county of Somerset, gentleman, and William Rosewell, his son and heir apparent.[4] This William Rosewell became the Solicitor-General to Queen Elizabeth and lived at the manor until about 1562.[3]

In 1573, a William Rosewell is presented to the Rectory of Yarlington by William Rosewell, of Loxton. As William Rosewell of Loxton died in 1570 the presentation must have been made by the executors of his estate. The presentee was probably the youngest son of William Rosewell (1499-1568), of Dunkerton, and brother of Thomas Rosewell (1533-c.1602) of Dunkerton who is listed as patron in the presentation. The living was held by William Rosewell until his death in 1627.[5]

The Rosewells held the manor for thirty-six years, and William Rosewell, the son of the Solicitor-General, and who is described in the deed of conveyance as ‘William Rosewell, of Forde, in the county of Devon, esquire,’ sold the Manor and advowson of Yarlington to Sir Henry Berkeley, of Bruton. The conveyance was dated 8 February 1592.[4]

The manor and advowson was held by a branch of the Berkeleys of Bruton from 1592 until their descendant, Lord Carmarthen, sold it to John Rogers in 1782.[6] Rogers built Yarlington House as his manor house.[7]

Yarlington was part of the hundred of Bruton.[8]

Governance[edit]

The parish council has responsibility for local issues, including setting an annual precept (local rate) to cover the council’s operating costs and producing annual accounts for public scrutiny. The parish council evaluates local planning applications and works with the local police, district council officers, and neighbourhood watch groups on matters of crime, security, and traffic. The parish council's role also includes initiating projects for the maintenance and repair of parish facilities, as well as consulting with the district council on the maintenance, repair, and improvement of highways, drainage, footpaths, public transport, and street cleaning. Conservation matters (including trees and listed buildings) and environmental issues are also the responsibility of the council.

The village falls within the Non-metropolitan district of South Somerset, which was formed on 1 April 1974 under the Local Government Act 1972, having previously been part of Wincanton Rural District.[9] The district council is responsible for local planning and building control, local roads, council housing, environmental health, markets and fairs, refuse collection and recycling, cemeteries and crematoria, leisure services, parks, and tourism.

Somerset County Council is responsible for running the largest and most expensive local services such as education, social services, libraries, main roads, public transport, policing and fire services, trading standards, waste disposal and strategic planning.

It is also part of a county constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election, and part of the South West England constituency of the European Parliament which elects seven MEPs using the d'Hondt method of party-list proportional representation.

Religious sites[edit]

The Anglican parish Church of St. Mary has an 11th-century tower, however the rest of the building was rebuilt by J.A. Reeve in 1878. It has been designated as a Grade II* listed building.[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Statistics for Wards, LSOAs and Parishes — SUMMARY Profiles" (Excel). Somerset Intelligence. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  2. ^ Fruit trees website
  3. ^ a b Rogers, T.E. (1890) Records of Yarlington. Elliott Stock, London. pp. 94.
  4. ^ a b "Yarlington". A History of the County of Somerset: Volume 7: Bruton, Horethorne and Norton Ferris Hundreds. British History Online. Retrieved 7 October 2011. 
  5. ^ Persons: Boswell, William (1573 - 1620) in "CCEd, the Clergy of the Church of England database" (Accessed online, 2 February 2014)
  6. ^ Bush, Robin (1994). Somerset: The Complete Guide. Dovecote Press. p. 243. ISBN 1-874336-26-1. 
  7. ^ "Yarlington House". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 7 February 2009. 
  8. ^ "Bruton Hundred". A History of Britain. Retrieved 23 September 2011. 
  9. ^ "Wincanton RD". A vision of Britain Through Time. University of Portsmouth. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  10. ^ "Church of St. Mary". Images of England. English Heritage. Retrieved 7 February 2009. 

External links[edit]