Yarramundi

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This article is about the person. For the place, see Yarramundi, New South Wales. For the species of shrimp, see Leontocaris yarramundi.
Yarramund
Born ca. 1760
Richmond, New South Wales
Died after 1818
Known for "Chief of the Richmond Tribe(s)"
Children Maria Lock, Colbee

Yarramundi (ca. 1760 – after 1818) was an Indigenous Australian called by Europeans "the chief of the Richmond Tribe" or "Tribes". He was a member of the Boorooberongal clan of the Darug people, and was a garadyi or "doctor".[1]

Yarramundi and his father Gombeeree met Governor Arthur Phillip on 14 April 1791, and this meeting is described by Watkin Tench (who spells his name Yellomundee) in his A Complete Account of the Settlement at Port Jackson, published in 1793. Yarramundi's daughter, Maria (born 1805) was the first Aboriginal child to be placed in the Native Institute at Parramatta, where she won the Yearly state Examinations ahead of 100 white children.

On 26 January 1824 she married convict Robert Lock. It was the first legal marriage between an Aboriginal and a non Aboriginal person in Australia. Yarramundi's son, Colbee, was the first Aboriginal person to receive a land grant. Following Colbee's death, Maria was granted his land at Blacktown and lived there until her death in 1878. She was buried in Prospect cemetery. At the time of her death, she held 60 acres (240,000 m2) of land at Blacktown and 40 acres (160,000 m2) at Liverpool (NSW). Liverpool council chamber is built on part of this grant.
Yarramundi's daughters descendents still live in the area. Notably Bundeluk was an educator, actor, artist, public speaker and indigenous adviser / tour guide in the Blue Mountains of Australia.[2]

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