|Indian Minister for External Affairs|
1 July 2002 – 22 May 2004
|Prime Minister||Atal Bihari Vajpayee|
|Preceded by||Jaswant Singh|
|Succeeded by||Natwar Singh|
November 6, 1937 |
Patna, Bihar, British India
|Political party||Bharatiya Janata Party|
Yashwant Sinha (born November 6, 1937 in Patna) is an Indian politician and a former finance minister of India (1990–1991 under Prime Minister Chandra Shekhar and March 1998 – July 2002 under Prime Minister Atal Bihari Vajpayee) and foreign minister (July 2002 – May 2004) in Atal Bihari Vajpayee's cabinet. He is a senior leader of the Bharatiya Janata Party, currently the largest Opposition party in India.
Civil Service career
Yashwant Sinha joined the Indian Administrative Service in 1960 and spent over 24 years holding important posts during his service tenure. He served as Sub-Divisional Magistrate and District Magistrate for 4 years. He was Under Secretary and Deputy Secretary in the Finance Department of the Bihar Government for 2 years after which he worked in the Ministry of Commerce as Deputy Secretary to the Government of India.
From 1971 to 1973, he was First Secretary (Commercial) in the Indian Embassy, Bonn, Germany. Subsequently, he worked as Consul General of India in Frankfurt from 1973 to 1974. After working for over seven years in this field, he acquired experience in matters relating to foreign trade and India's relations with the European Economic Community. Thereafter, he worked in the Department of Industrial Infrastructure, Government of Bihar and in the Ministry of Industry, government of India dealing with foreign industrial collaborations, technology imports, intellectual property rights and industrial approvals.
He later was Joint Secretary to Government of India in the Ministry of Surface Transport from 1980 to 1984, his main responsibilities were road transport, ports and shipping.
Yashwant Sinha resigned from the Indian Administrative Service in 1984 and joined active politics as a member of the Janata Party. He was appointed All-India General secretary of the party in 1986 and was elected Member of the Rajya Sabha (Upper House of the Indian Parliament) in 1988.
He became the National Spokesperson of the Bharatiya Janata Party in June, 1996. He was appointed finance minister in March, 1998. In his autobiography Drohkaal ka Pathik, released in November 2013, former MP Pappu Yadav alleged that three MPs of his Indian Federal Democratic Party got money from the then finance minister Yashwant Sinha, to join the NDA in 2001. He was appointed as Minister for External Affairs on July 1, 2002. In the Lok Sabha elections of 2004, he was defeated in Hazaribagh Constituency. He re-entered the Parliament in 2005. On June 13, 2009, he resigned from the post of vice president of BJP.
Yashwant Sinha was the finance minister until July 1, 2002, when he exchanged jobs with foreign minister Jaswant Singh. Sinha, during his tenure, was forced to roll back some of his government's major policy initiatives for which he was much criticised. Still, Sinha is widely credited for pushing through several major reform measures that put the Indian economy on a firm growth trajectory. Among them are lowering of real interest rates, introducing tax deduction for mortgage interest, freeing up the telecommunications sector, helping fund the National Highways Authority, and deregulating the petroleum industry. Sinha is also known for being the first Finance Minister to break the 53 year tradition of presenting the Indian budget at 5 pm local time, a practice held over from British Rule days that sought to present the Indian budget at a time convenient to the British Parliament (1130a GMT) rather than India's Parliament.
Sinha has written a comprehensive account of his years as Finance Minister titled Confessions of a Swadeshi Reformer.
Yashwant Sinha has a wide range of interests including reading, gardening and meeting people. He has widely travelled and has led a number of political and social delegations. He played a leading role in many negotiations on behalf of the country. Mr. Sinha's wife is Nilima Sinha, one of India's leading children's writers and President, Association of Writers and Illustrators for Children. He has a daughter, Sharmila who is a writer and married to Ashok Kantha, an IFS officer. He has 2 sons, Jayant and Sumant. Jayant is an IIT Delhi and Harvard Business School graduate. He is currently a Partner at Omidyar Network. Sumant is an alumnus of IIT Delhi and IIM Calcutta and was a Dean's Fellow at The School of International and Public Affairs (SIPA) at Columbia University. He is the Founder and Chairman of ReNew Wind Power, a renewable energy power producer. Sumant Sinha starts his own firm. He has 5 grandchildren named Siddhant, Aashir, Tarushi, Devansh and Rishabh.
Yashwant Sinha blogs under the title Musings of a Swadeshi Reformer.
- "Yashwant Sinha, a profile:Finance Minister, Government of India". Retrieved 2007-09-30.
- "Yashwant Sinha gets finance, Advani home (Indian Express)". Retrieved 2007-09-30.
- "Indian government reshuffled". BBC News. 2002-07-01. Retrieved 2007-09-30.
- "Community Warriors: State, Peasants and Caste Armies in Bihar by Ashwani Kumar". Books.google.co.in. Retrieved 2013-07-04.
- "Yashwant Sinha quits as BJP vice president". Ibnlive.in.com. 2009-06-13. Retrieved 2013-07-04.
- "290402". Samachar.com. Retrieved 2013-07-04.
- Confessions of a Swadeshi reformer at publisher site. Retrieved 2008-11-04.
- "ON | Jayant Sinha". Omidyar.com. Retrieved 2013-07-04.
- "Sumant Sinha starts own firm - Money - DNA". Dnaindia.com. Retrieved 2013-07-04.
- "Musings of a Swadeshi Reformer". Yashwantsinha.in. Retrieved 2013-03-18.
|Minister of Finance
November 1990–June 1991
|Minister of Finance
March 1998–July 2002
|Minister for External Affairs
July 2002–May 2004
|Order of precedence|
|Order of Precedence of India
as Joint Secretary to Government of India
1980 – 1984