Yasnogorsk, Tula Oblast

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For other places with the same name, see Yasnogorsk.
Yasnogorsk (English)
Ясногоpск (Russian)
-  Town  -
Администрация Ясногорска.jpg
Town hall
Map of Russia - Tula Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Tula Oblast in Russia
Yasnogorsk is located in Tula Oblast
Yasnogorsk
Yasnogorsk
Location of Yasnogorsk in Tula Oblast
Coordinates: 54°28′46″N 37°41′36″E / 54.47944°N 37.69333°E / 54.47944; 37.69333Coordinates: 54°28′46″N 37°41′36″E / 54.47944°N 37.69333°E / 54.47944; 37.69333
Coat of Arms of Yasnogorsk (Tula oblast) (1987).png
Coat of arms
Town Day June 12[citation needed]
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Tula Oblast
Administrative district Yasnogorsky District[citation needed]
Administrative center of Yasnogorsky District[citation needed]
Statistics
Area 11.75 km2 (4.54 sq mi)[citation needed]
Population (2010 Census) 16,795 inhabitants[1]
Population (2013 est.) 16,373 inhabitants[citation needed]
Density 1,429 /km2 (3,700 /sq mi)[2]
Time zone MSK (UTC+04:00)[3]
First mentioned 1578[citation needed]
Town status since 1958[citation needed]
Previous names Laptevo (until 1958),[citation needed]
Laptev (until 1965)[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[4] 301030—301032
Dialing code(s) +7 48766[citation needed]
Yasnogorsk on WikiCommons

Yasnogorsk (Russian: Ясного́рск) is a town and the administrative center of Yasnogorsky District of Tula Oblast, Russia, located on the Vashana River (Oka's tributary), 35 kilometers (22 mi) north of Tula. Population: 16,795 (2010 Census);[1] 18,588 (2002 Census);[5] 21,292 (1989 Census).[6]

History[edit]

The village of Laptevo (Ла́птево) has been known since the 15th or 16th century.[citation needed] Rostislav was first mentioned in 16th-century documents, with the name Rostislo. At the beginning of the 19th century in the records and papers of local origin of the name is found in alerting Rostislav. This gave reason to believe that there was once a city Rostislavl owned specific Ryazan princes and Tatars destroyed to the ground.

When and under what circumstances arose village Rostislav-Laptev is unknown. Church chronicle tradition holds that there were a monastery and the church of St. Nicholas. The first mention of the village Rostislav-Laptev refers to the 1578-1579 and contained in the Russian state cadastres Kashirskoe county.

Its development in the late 19th century, the future city Jasnogorsk obliged Moscow-Kursk railway, construction of which began in 1866. In 1867, the station was formed Laptev [24]. Prior to this, the main settlement is located one kilometer from the existing city now. First settler of a station village became Paul Lavrent'evich Zhesterev who in 1875 put his carcass near the station. After 1867 grew around the railway station village that in the future, as they grow, was transformed into the city. In 1882, the father of VV Veresaeva, next to the station was bought Episcopal estate.

In 1892, open post and telegraph office, which serves a population Laptev, Arkhangelsk, and Mashkovskaya Denisovskaya townships, numbering five thousand people. In 1895, at the station district physician NK Shistovskim clinic was opened Imperial Moscow orphanage, which was headed by Doctor Michael K. Plyasov.

Thanks to the advent of the railway entrepreneur Hippolyte A. Golovin autumn 1895 moved his establishment for the manufacture of plows from village to village Pescherovo Vladychino near the train station Laptev. At this time in the factory, to produce annually 600 plows worked a total of 25 people. Thus, labor biography Laptev company starts from 1895.

Laptev station was a major point for the shipment of grain and wood. In some years, it is not much inferior to the Thule turnover grain cargoes.

In early 1924 zoning occurs in the Tula province . Laptev became the administrative center formed Laptev district, which includes Laptev, Denisovskaya, Mashkovskaya and Archangel Parish . In the area, there were 16 village councils, 103 settlements, lived 27 thousand people . [27] In 1920 in the village and opened a factory district clubs . In 1925, an electric current is given to the railway station, laid the first line of the water supply network .

In accordance with the decision of the Central Executive Committee of the Organizing Committee in the Tula region from August 4, 1938 Laptev village was transformed into a working village Laptev inclusion in its territory of the village factory "Red plow " station of the village and the village of Upper Lip- [23].

Soviet period[edit]

After the October Revolution, the Soviet government began a gradual nationalization of industries, ranging from the largest in the country. Since the summer of 1919 the pace of nationalization have increased dramatically, and November 29, 1920 it was announced the nationalization of all small businesses. Decree of the Presidium Tulgubsovnarhoza from December 14, 1920 Plant brothers Golovin was transferred to state ownership and was called first by the State agricultural machines and implements. Appointed the first director of the factory NS Soloviev. In 1924 the plant was renamed and became known as "Red plow". Held its massive reconstruction and expansion : built Forging, mechanical, iron foundry shops, restored engine room has two dynamos, electric lighting established shops and homes. Construction was completed on the railway line connecting the factory to the railway station.

All construction and improvement Laptev went mainly due to the plant. Created 2 residential township: North and October. Over the years 1948-1952 entered 3135 m² of living space, 800m water mains and sewer lines 400 m [27]. Some houses were built using traditional construction - in the evenings and at weekends mechanical engineers worked on the construction of their homes diggers, carpenters and masons. Settlement grew at the expense of individual construction, increasing the number of culturally-domestic buildings in 1948 was built the room, opened a primary school and a school for working youth. In 1949 he opened the district hospital. In 1950, the Palace of Culture was founded with the active participation of the working plant. November 6, 1954 it was opened. Park near the Palace of Culture and pawned implanted during Subbotniks Voskresnik and organized residents of the village. In 1953, the stadium was built.

In 1950 the plant "Uglemash", is the largest township enterprises, continued to grow rapidly. Issue of mining machinery and equipment from year to build up, expanding the product range. Assimilated and put to the mass production of new types of piston pumps, batteries and electric contact, prednaznaennye to deliver coal from the lava to the main haulage drift. The plant is ready for serial production of a fundamentally new type of product - Coal machines that were designed for mechanized loading coal into trucks directly in the face. The number of workers in the postwar period is increased several times.

By the mid-1950s in the Laptev worked lime brick factory, metal products, dairy factory, bakery and Novolaptevskaya substation. Living conditions are increasingly approaching the city. In the village functioned PBX radio unit 2, 2 savings banks, rebuilt new stadium, regional hospital with 150 beds in all new homes had running water, sewerage, electricity and radio. Great work on asphalt roads and sidewalks, landscaping village. The total area of the village at that time was 4 km², the population reached 13.5 thousand people.

Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of January 8, 1958 Laptev working village has been transformed into a city of regional subordination, and Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of September 9, 1958 settlement Vladychino included in the city limits Laptev.

In the 1960-70s Yasnogorsk mainly acquired its present shape. Housing stock during the seven years of the young city (1959-1965) doubled. It was built more than 30 objects of cultural and industrial purposes. Built kindergarten, Apothecary Building, railway station, cinema "Rodina", factory dispensary building communication unit, department and grocery store. New streets, a significant portion of their asphalted, built sidewalks, planted thousands of trees and shrubs.

1990s[edit]

The 1990s were critical in the life of Yasnogorsk. Negative processes of transition and ill-government solutions strongly affected the life of the city and the district. They touched on the economy and Yasnogorsky engineering plant - the main city-forming enterprise from which greatly depended Yasnogorsk life. The plant began to lose its customers in Ukraine, where it is delivered to 50% of its production for mines in Kazakhstan and other CIS countries. Despite a series of measures taken in 2009, the company was declared bankrupt.

It was granted town status and renamed Laptev (Ла́птев) in 1958.[citation needed] It was renamed Yasnogorsk in 1965.[citation needed]

Economy[edit]

The Yasnogorsk Machine-Building Factory builds parts for wagons, pumps, and locomotives for Russia's mining industry. The factory opened in 1895; along with jobs, the factory provided social services, in 1991 the factory owners gradually cut back on these services. In 2009, fewer than 280 workers were employed, from a peak of 7,000.[7]

City lags behind other regional centers Tula region on a range of indicators - both economic and social. After the collapse of the Soviet Union at the expense of the regional budget was built one house (under the federal program "old buildings"), due to the federal and local budgets - none pavement on many streets is broken, city park abandoned. Most of the townspeople go to work in a neighboring Moscow region. Population, since 1992 has been steadily declining.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  2. ^ The value of density was calculated automatically by dividing the 2010 Census population by the area specified in the infobox. Please note that this value may not be accurate as the area specified in the infobox does not necessarily correspond to the area of the entity proper or is reported for the same year as the population.
  3. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  4. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Russian)
  5. ^ "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  6. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  7. ^ "Russian One-Factory Towns May Not Survive". manufacturing.net. Retrieved 2009-09-04.