Yasuj

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Yasuj
ياسوج
city
Yasooj city.jpg
Official seal of Yasuj
Seal
Yasuj is located in Iran
Yasuj
Yasuj
Coordinates: 30°40′06″N 51°35′17″E / 30.66833°N 51.58806°E / 30.66833; 51.58806Coordinates: 30°40′06″N 51°35′17″E / 30.66833°N 51.58806°E / 30.66833; 51.58806
Country  Iran
Province Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad
County Boyer-Ahmad
Bakhsh Central
Population (2006)
 • Total 96,786
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
 • Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)
Website http://www.yasuj.ir/

Yasuj (Persian: ياسوج‎; also Romanized as Yāsūj, Yasooj, and Yesūj; Lurish language: یاسووج or یاسیچ - Jasuc and Jasyç)[1] is a city in and the capital of Kohgiluyeh and Boyer-Ahmad Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 96,786, in 20,297 families.[2]

Yasuj is an industrial city in the Zagros Mountains of southwestern Iran. The term "Yasuj" is also used to refer to the entire region.[3]

Yasuj has both a sugar processing plant[4] and a coal-burning powerplant that generates electricity for the area.

The people of Yasuj speak Luri, one of the western Iranian languages.

History[edit]

The area of Yasuj has been settled since as early as the Bronze Age. Findings include the Martyrs Hills (dating from 3rd millennium BC), the Khosravi Hill from the Achaemenian period, the ancient site of Gerd, the Pataveh bridge, and the Pay-e Chol cemetery. Yasuj is the place where Alexander III of Macedon and his Macedonian forces stormed the Persian Gates ("Darvazeh-ye Fars"), and fought themselves a way into the Persian heartland (331 BC).[5]

The Yasuj Museum, which opened in 2002, displays coins, statues, pottery, and bronze vessels recovered from surrounding archaeological sites.[6] Yasuj was called Tal-e Khosrow (Khosrow Hill) in the last century.

Climate[edit]

Yasuj has the typical continentally-influenced Mediterranean climate (Köppen Csa) of western Iran, though because of its location in the direct line of rain-bearing winds from the Persian Gulf it is the wettest Iranian city south of the Elburz Mountains with an annual rainfall nine times that of Isfahan and twice that of Kermanshah. The heavy precipitation allows the existence of small glaciers on the highest Zagros peaks - in contrast the Kuhrud Mountains to the east have no glaciers despite being of the same height due to aridity.

Climate data for Yasuj, Iran
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 18.8
(65.8)
20.6
(69.1)
24
(75)
29.6
(85.3)
34.4
(93.9)
39.6
(103.3)
40.4
(104.7)
39.5
(103.1)
36.5
(97.7)
31
(88)
25
(77)
23
(73)
40.4
(104.7)
Average high °C (°F) 8.3
(46.9)
10.5
(50.9)
14.4
(57.9)
20.7
(69.3)
26.9
(80.4)
32.6
(90.7)
35.1
(95.2)
34.8
(94.6)
31.1
(88)
24.7
(76.5)
17.3
(63.1)
11.8
(53.2)
22.35
(72.23)
Average low °C (°F) −2
(28)
−0.5
(31.1)
2.9
(37.2)
7.3
(45.1)
11.1
(52)
14.9
(58.8)
18.6
(65.5)
17.7
(63.9)
13.5
(56.3)
8.5
(47.3)
3.7
(38.7)
0.5
(32.9)
8.02
(46.4)
Record low °C (°F) −19
(−2)
−12.4
(9.7)
−5.5
(22.1)
−2.8
(27)
3.6
(38.5)
8.8
(47.8)
12.6
(54.7)
11.4
(52.5)
5.8
(42.4)
2.6
(36.7)
−4.4
(24.1)
−11
(12)
−19
(−2)
Precipitation mm (inches) 178.3
(7.02)
155.9
(6.138)
165.8
(6.528)
65
(2.56)
14.7
(0.579)
0.6
(0.024)
1.2
(0.047)
1.8
(0.071)
0.4
(0.016)
11.1
(0.437)
65
(2.56)
205.1
(8.075)
864.9
(34.055)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 10.2 8.7 9.6 6.1 1.8 0.2 0.4 0.4 0.1 1.5 5.1 8.6 52.7
 % humidity 71 64 57 51 38 27 26 26 26 36 52 64 44.8
Mean monthly sunshine hours 183.9 189.2 212.7 240.2 320.6 358.5 343.5 329.7 314.2 286.1 218.9 193.3 3,190.8
Source: Synoptic Stations Statistics

Economy[edit]

The economy of Yasuj is based on the following local activities:

  • baskets
  • carpets/rugs
  • mosaic tiles
  • bricks
  • livestock feed

By 2014 a new refinery will be constructed by the private sector, at a cost of $2.2 billion. It will produce petrol, gasoil, kerosene, furnace oil, liquefied gas, asphalt, and sulfur.[7]

Education[edit]

  • Yasuj University of Medical Sciences[8][9]
  • Yasuj Chemical Engineering School[10]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Yasuj can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3198290" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  2. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)" (Excel). Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original on 2011-11-11. 
  3. ^ Taylor & Francis Group (2003) "Iran" The Middle East and North Africa 2004 Europa, London, p. 406, ISBN 978-1-85743-184-1
  4. ^ Loeffler, Reinhold L. (1976) "Recent Economic Changes in Boir Ahmad: Regional Growth without Development" Iranian Studies 9(4): pp. 266-287, p. 269
  5. ^ Henry Speck, "Alexander at the Persian Gates. A Study in Historiography and Topography" in: American Journal of Ancient History n.s. 1.1 (2002) 15-234; summarized at "Persian Gates"
  6. ^ "Museum And National Parks" Islamic Institute of New York accessed 18 August 2008
  7. ^ http://www.tehrantimes.com/index_View.asp?code=228488
  8. ^ "Yasuj University of Medical Sciences" (in Persian)
  9. ^ World Health Organization (2000) World Directory of Medical Schools: Répertoire mondial des écoles de médecine World Health Organization, Geneva, p. 199, ISBN 978-92-4-150010-4
  10. ^ "Yasuj Chemical Engineering School" (in English & Persian)

External links[edit]