Yasur, Gaza

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Yasur
Yasur.jpg
A FOSH unit passes through Yasur, 1938/39
Yasur is located in Mandatory Palestine
Yasur
Yasur
Arabic ياصور
Name meaning personal name[1]
Subdistrict Gaza
Coordinates 31°45′56.12″N 34°44′52.85″E / 31.7655889°N 34.7480139°E / 31.7655889; 34.7480139Coordinates: 31°45′56.12″N 34°44′52.85″E / 31.7655889°N 34.7480139°E / 31.7655889; 34.7480139
Population 1,070 (1945)
Area 16,390 dunams
Date of depopulation 11 June 1948[2]
Cause(s) of depopulation Military assault by Yishuv forces
Current localities Talmei Yehiel,[3] Bnei Ayish[3]

Yasur (Arabic: ياصور‎) was a Palestinian village, located 40 kilometres northeast of Gaza, that was depopulated during the 1948 Arab–Israeli War. Its inhabitants fled a military assault by the First Battalion of Israel's Givati Brigade on 9 June 1948, part of Operation Barak.[4]

The village consisted of an estimated 244 houses, an elementary school for boys, and a village mosque.[4] The Israeli localities of Talmei Yehiel and Bnei Ayish were established on the former lands of Yasur.

History[edit]

Ceramics from the Byzantine times have been found at Yasur.[5]

During the Mamluk period (1205-1517), a mail station between Gaza and Damascus was located in Yasur, although this was later transferred to the village of Bayt Daras.[3]

It was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1517, and by 1596 it was part of nahiya (subdistrict) of Gaza under the liwa' (district) of Gaza with a population of 303. Villagers paid taxes to the authorities for the crops that they cultivated, which included wheat, barley, fruit, and sesame as well as on other types of property, such as goats, beehives and water buffaloes.[6]

The American scholar Edward Robinson travelled through Palestine in 1838, and noted Yasur.[7]

James Turner Barclay mentions passing Yasur, Bayt Dajan and al-Sarafand, on his travels between Jaffa and Haifa in The City of the Great King: Or, Jerusalem as it Was, as it Is, and as it is, 1858.[8]

In 1863, French explorer Victor Guérin found the village situated on a hill and containing 450 villagers. The houses were built with sun baked bricks, and surrounded by tobacco plantations and olives. The only ancient remains he saw was a column of mutilated, gray-white marble near a well.[9] In 1882 the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described Yasur as an "ordinary adobe village"". It had a well to the south and large gardens to the north and east.[10]

Yasur was also mentioned in The Life and Letters of Thomas Hodgkin (1918).

In the 1922 census of Palestine conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Yasur had a population of 456, all Muslims.[11] In the 1931 census, Yasur had 129 occupied houses and a population of 648 Muslims, 5 Christians and 1 Jew.[12]

1948 and after[edit]

According to Walid Khalidi, 1992:

"The village is a closed, fenced-in military zone. At the village entrance there is a sign: 'TAT Aircraft Parts Industrial Firm.' A single undemolished house stands some 10 m away from the entrance. Next to it is a demolished one and a number of cactuses. A dirt road, lined by cactuses and olive and almond trees, passes by the southern boundary of the fence. The area inside and outside the fence has also been planted with eucalyptus trees"[3]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 277
  2. ^ Morris, 2004, village #277 p. xix, Also gives the cause for depopulation
  3. ^ a b c d Khalidi, 1992, p.139
  4. ^ a b "Welcome to Yasur". Palestine Remembered. Retrieved 2007-12-08. 
  5. ^ Dauphin, 1998, p. 863
  6. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 151. Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p. 139.
  7. ^ Robinson, 1841, p. 370
  8. ^ Barclay, 1858, p. 578
  9. ^ Guérin, 1869, p. 67-8
  10. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p.414. Quoted in Khalidi, 1992, p.139
  11. ^ Barron, 1923, Table V, Sub-district of Gaza, p. 9
  12. ^ Mills , 1932, p. 6

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]