Yatsugatake Mountains

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Yatsugatake Mountains
Mount Yatsu.JPG
Yatsugatake Mountains, viewed from Minamimaki, Nagano. (February 2013)
Highest point
Peak Mount Aka
Elevation 2,899 m (9,511 ft)
Dimensions
Length 30 km (19 mi) North-South
Naming
Etymology Mountain with eight peaks[1]
Native name 八ヶ岳連峰 Yatsugatake-renpō
Geography
Country Japan
States Nagano Prefecture and Yamanashi Prefecture
Region Chūbu
Biome Alpine climate
Geology
Orogeny Island arc
Period Quaternary
Type of rock Volcanic

The Yatsugatake Mountains (八ヶ岳連峰 Yatsugatake-renpō?) are a volcanic mountain range on the border between Nagano Prefecture and Yamanashi Prefecture on the island of Honshū in Japan.[1]

Description[edit]

The mountain range consists of two volcanic groups, Northern Yatsugatake Volcanic Group and Southern Yatsugatake Volcanic Group. The two volcanic groups of Yatsugatake, North and South, have different characteristics. The South Yatugatake mountains are steep and are more alpine in nature. The mountains belonging to North Yatsugatake mountains are gentler and lower than the South Yatsugatake mountains.

The southern group ranges from the Natsuzawa Pass to the end of the mountain range. The northern range includes Mount Kitayoko to the other end of the range. Mount Tateshina is also included.

These mountains form a major part of the Yatsugatake-Chūshin Kōgen Quasi-National Park.[2]

Geology[edit]

These mountains consist of older eroded complex volcanoes, which were made by repeated volcanic eruptions over many thousands years. The last eruption was estimated from 600 to 800 years ago at Mount Kitayoko of North Yatsugatake Mountains. This is the only remaining active volcano.[3] The other volcanoes are extinct.[1]

The volcanoes consist mostly of pyroxene andesite. Yatsugatake also lies nearby to the Fossa Magna.[1]

Local legend[edit]

According to legend, Yatsugatake was once higher than Mount Fuji, but Konohana-Sakuyahime, the goddess of Mount Fuji, tore it down out of jealousy,leaving the collection of peaks we have today. Paul Hunt muses that this might not be far from the truth considering that Yatsugatake is older than Fuji and as Fuji rose in prominence Yatsugatake wore away.[1]

Ecology[edit]

Deciduous forests reach up 800-1700m above sea level. Above this zone is the subalpine zone reaching up to 2500m. Siberian dwarf pine inhabits this subalpine zone. On one part of Mount Nishi under 1700m grows a rare form of spruce, Picea koyamae. Rock Ptarmigan (Lagopus muta) are also native to these mountains, but are under threat due to loss of the Siberian dwarf pine habitat and also due to expansion of the range of the red fox. Humans have enabled the expansion of the red fox by leaving trash behind in the mountains. Also growing in the subalpine zone are Abies veitchii and Abies mariesii.[4]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Hunt, Paul (1988). "14. Eight Peaks: Yatsu-ga-take 八ヶ岳". Hiking in Japan: An Adventurer's Guide to the Mountain Trails (First Edition ed.). Tokyo: Kodansha International Ltd. pp. 111–112. ISBN 0-87011-893-5. 
  2. ^ 八ヶ岳中信高原国定公園. Japan Integrated Biodiversity Information System (in Japanese). Ministry of the Environment, Government of Japan. Retrieved 2008-09-05. 
  3. ^ "KITA YATSU-GA-TAKE (TATESHINA-YAMA, YOKO-DAKE etc.)". Quaternary Volcanoes of Japan. Geological Survey of Japan, AIST. 2006. Retrieved 2008-08-21. 
  4. ^ 八ヶ岳. Japanese Wikipedia (in Japanese). Wikimedia. Retrieved 2008-09-08.