Church of St Margaret
Yatton Keynell shown within Wiltshire
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|EU Parliament||South West England|
|UK Parliament||North Wiltshire, Chippenham|
Yatton Keynell (pronounced "kennel") is a village in Wiltshire, England. It is located about five miles (8 km) west of Chippenham, and about five miles (8 km) to the east of the border with South Gloucestershire, on the B4039 road via Castle Combe. Its economy is historically agricultural although it is now more of a residential area for surrounding towns; its population in the first census of 1801 was 353 and by the most recent of 2001, this had risen to 745. The village is surrounded by a green belt and is largely a conservation area which explains why unlike other settlements it has not expanded very much over its history.
The village was mentioned in the Domesday Book as "Getone". Its name moved through several variations of this and the "Keynell" appears to have been added some time in the 13th century after Henry Caynell, who had a holding in 1242. At about this time, the family gave a tract of land to Stanley Abbey, and the village itself became a grange of the abbey.
A member of the same family, Sir William Keynell, appears to have given the village its current name; in 1250 he built the village church as thanks for his safe return from The Crusades; as a result, it bears the unusual dedication to St Margaret of Antioch. Its tower is 15th century, but the building was mostly restored in 1868 to a design by George Edmund Street.
The village pub, "The Bell", takes its name from being opposite the church and dates back to the 17th century. In 1764, deeds show its name as "The Old Inn" and consisting of outhouses, stables, a brew house, garden and orchard, remains of which are still visible. The adjacent road, now the B4039 to Castle Combe and beyond, was a toll road and there was a tollbooth close by as recently as 1871.
The primary school in the village, By Brook Valley CE Primary School, is used by children from surrounding villages; there is also a separate Under-Fives Group.
There is a doctors' surgery in Jubilee Field.
- John Aubrey, antiquary and writer, known for his descriptions of Avebury and Stonehenge, attended the church school.
- Sir Charles Snell, owned land in Yatton Keynell and sold it to invest in the ship ‘Angel Gabriel’ for the expedition by Raleigh to Guiana in 1595. The family owned ‘The Manor House’ in West Yatton Lane from the late 17th century.
- "Yatton Keynell Census Information". Retrieved 2010-11-08.
- "Yatton Keynell". Wiltshire Council. Retrieved 2010-11-08.
- "Yatton Keynell, Wiltshire". Retrieved 2009-01-09.
- "Welcome to Yatton Keynell, Village Magazine". Retrieved 2009-01-09.
- Tiddleywink on the map - BBC News article dated Wednesday, February 19, 2003
- "Post Office closures in Wiltshire". Retrieved 2009-01-05.