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|Nickname(s): Cotton city|
|Elevation||445 m (1,460 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Yavatmal ( pronunciation (help·info), Marathi: यवतमाळ) is a city and municipal council of the Yavatmal district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. The name derives from the Marathi Yavat (mountain) and mal (row).
Formerly known as "Yeoti" or "Yevtmal", Yavatmal City was the main town of the Berar Sultanate and according to old writings "the safest place in the world". The then region of Yavatmal (now Yavatmal district), was part of the dominion of Aladdin Hassan Bahman Shah who founded the Bahmani Sultanate in 1347. In 1572, Murtaza Shah ruler of the Ahmadnagar Sultanate (now another district of Maharashtra state also referred as "Sambhaji Nagar" or simply "Nagar"), annexed the Yavatmal district, then in 1596, Chand Bibi, warrior queen of Ahmadnagar, ceded the district of Yavatmal to the Mughal Empire, rulers of a large part of India. Following the death of the sixth Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb in 1707, Yavatmal was passed on to the Maratha Empire. When Raghoji I Bhonsle became ruler of the Nagpur kingdom in 1783, he included the Yavatmal district in his territory. After the British East India Company created Berar Province in 1853, Yavatmal became part of East Berar District in 1863 and later part of the South East Berar district, both districts of the Central Provinces and Berar. Yavatmal remained part of Madhya Pradesh until the 1956 reorganization of states when it was transferred to the state of Mumbai (Bombay). With the creation of the Maharashtra state on 1 May 1960, Yavatmal district became a part of it. The district has given two chief minister to the Maharashtra state, Vasantrao Naik and Sudhakarrao Naik along with many other politicians and personalities such as freedom-fighter Loknayak Bapuji Ane and social worker Babaji Datey, Congress Party MLA Mr.Ali Hasan Mamdani and social activist Mrs. Hanifa Mamdani. Post-independence, the district of Yavatmal consistently favored the Congress Party in its political leanings with state government representatives (MLAs) and central government representatives (MPs) elected by the people of Yavatmal coming largely from the Congress Party. In the 1990s, the trend reversed with the election of members of the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) to the prominent positions of MP and MLAs to represent Yavatmal both at stateand central government levels.
Yavatmal city is administered by a municipal council(category-A). According to census 2011, its population is nearly 138, 464.But this figure is number of inhabitants within municipal boundaries. Urbanization has crossed municipal boundaries and neighboring villages viz. Wadgaon road, Lohara, Umrsara, Waghapur, Moha, Lohara, Bhosa, Pimpalgaon, Pangari, Bhoyar, Parwa, Bhari, and Madkona have become part of urban agglomeration having population nearing 3.57 lacs .
Yavatmal town is also known as "Cotton City" and during British rule was classified as a hill station. Both cotton-ginning and pressing are carried on in Yavatmal while the town is also the chief trading centre in the district, and connected by road with Dhamangaon station, 29 miles (47 km) away. Major business establishments in Yavatmal include the Raymonds factory which produces special fibre for jeans. There is a brand new 106-acre (0.43 km2) textile Special Economic Zone (SEZ) under construction while HLL Unilever has also decided to restart the plant they currently have in the city. Yavatmal's younger generation is slowly joining the 21st century workforce and there are a number of computer learning centres and educational institutes. Other local businesses in the town are dominated by the presence of agricultural supply facilities used by the nearby farming community. Banking services are available in the Yavatmal, Ner, Pusad, Digras, Ghatanji and Pandharkawada and Wani areas.
The major industrial centres are at MIDC Lohara, Darwha, Digras, Pusad, Umerkhed, Wani, Umari, Pandharkawada, Ralegaon and Babhulgaon, Ner, and Wani-Maregaon with the main market places in Yavatmal City, Wani, Darwha, Digras, Akola Bazar, Ghatanji, Mohada, Pusad, Umerkhed and Pandharkawada.
Roads and Railways are the major modes of transport in Yavatmal district.
National Highway 7 from Nagpur to Hyderabad passes through the district at Vadki, Karanji, Pandharkawada, Patanbori and Kelapur. State highway from Amravati to Chandrapur passes through Ner, Yavatmal, Jodmoha, Mohada, Umari, Karanji and Wani. Nagpur to Tulzapur state highway route passes through Kalamb, Yavatmal, Arni, Umarkhed etc.
Yavatmal is the southern terminus of the 762 mm narrow gauge railway known locally as the Shakuntala railway. This line is composed of two legs intersecting with the broad gauge Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line at Murtajapur — the 76 km northern leg to Achalpur and the 113 km southeastern leg to Yavatmal. As of 2004 this line was still owned by a London-based company which had leased the line to India's Central Railway since 1903. Darwha Station lies on this line.
Prominent educational institutes:
- Medical : Shri Vasantrao Naik Government Medical College, run by the government, DM Majethia Ayurvedic College.
- Technical : Government Polytechnic, Government Residential Women's Polytechnic, Jawaharlal Darda Engineering and Technical Institute (private), Dr. Bhausaheb Nandurkar College of Engineering & Technology y, Jagdamba College of Engineering, ITI Institute, Late Rupeshkumar Ingole Chitrakala Mahavidyalaya
- Other formal educational institutes:- Amolakchand Mahavidyalaya, Date College (Kala and Wanijya Mahavidyalaya), Pharmacy College .Colleges for Physical Education (BPEd).Mahatama Jyotiba Fule College of Social Work (B.S.W., M.S.W)-Rajratan Nagar, Dhamangaon Road Yavatmal 445001 Ayurvedic College in Yavatmal and Vivekanand Vidyalaya, Rani Laxmibai Vidyalaya, Loknayak Bapuji Ane Vidyalay, Ane Mahila Maha Vidyalay
- Schools:- Jawaharlal Darda English Medium School,St. Aloysius English High school, Nathar English Medium School, Free Methodist English High School High school, School of Scholars, Maharshi Vidya Mandir, Anglo-Hindi High School, Shivaji High School, Yavatmal Public School, Giants English High School, Rani Lakshmi Vidyalaya, Loknayak Bapuji High School, Abhyankar Kanya Shala, Kendriya Vidyalaya Yavatmal (central govt. CBSE school), Podar International.
- Engineering, medical, physical education institutes, include the 'Hanuman Akhada'.
Tutorial facilities are found across the city.
Yavatmal Municipal Council
Yavatmal Municipal Council was constituted in 1869 but was dissolved shortly thereafter. It was again established in 1894 and thus forms the oldest municipal council in district. Mr. Eliot was first Mayor and Lieutenant, W. Hege was Deputy Mayor. Mr. Govind Punaji Bari was the first Indian Mayor on Yavatmal Municipal council(02-Jan-1914 to 31-May-1932). Under his period Yavatmal got electricity. Elections were conducted for the place of Mayor on 22-Dec-1934, before that he used to get appointed. The area under its jurisdiction is 3.2 square miles.
Language and culture
The principal language of Yavatmal district is Marathi. However, since the district has numerous Scheduled and Nomadic Tribes, various other languages are also spoken in the form of Gormati or Banjari, Gondi, Hindi, Sindhi MarwariTelugu and kolami.
The district has various entrenched cultures and has India's most ancient tribal communities – the Gond Raja, Gond Pardhan, Kolam, Aandh and Banjara amongst others.
Various Hindu fairs take place in the district including:
- Maroti and Gajanan Maharaj Fair in Ghatanji
- Shri Chintamani Fair at Kalamb
- Shri Dutt Jayanti Fair at Mahur
- The Jambhora and Mahashiv Ratri in Wani, Pusan and Mahagaon
- Shri Rangnaath Swamy in Wani 6. Amba Devi, Kelapur
Yavatmal also has liberal culture in both its urban and rural areas and experiences fairs such as the Ghanti Baba ka Uroos in Digras and Uroos in Aarni.
||Ner, Yavatmal||Babhulgaon||Kalamb, Ralegaon|
|Darwha||Maregaon, Wani, Maharashtra|
|Digras, Pusad||Akola Bazar, Arni, Mahagaon, Umarkhed||Ghatanji, Kelapur, Zari Jamani|