Yavuz Selim Mosque

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Yavuz Selim Mosque
Selim I Mosque
YavuzSultanSelimMosqueIstanbul.jpg
The Yavuz Selim Mosque in Istanbul
Basic information
Location Istanbul, Turkey
Geographic coordinates Coordinates: 41°01′35.63″N 28°57′04.75″E / 41.0265639°N 28.9513194°E / 41.0265639; 28.9513194
Affiliation Islam
Architectural description
Architectural type Mosque
Groundbreaking 1520/21
Completed 1527/28
Specifications
Height (max) 32,5 m[1]
Dome dia. (outer) 24,5 m[2]
Minaret(s) 2
Minaret height 45 m?
Materials cut stone, granite, marble

The Yavuz Selim Mosque, also known as the Selim I Mosque and the Yavuz Sultan Selim Mosque (Turkish: Yavuz Selim Camii) is an Ottoman imperial mosque located top of the 5th Hill of Istanbul, Turkey, overlooking the Golden Horn. Its size and geographic position make it a familiar landmark on the Istanbul skyline.

History[edit]

The Yavuz Selim Mosque is the second oldest existent imperial mosque in Istanbul. It was commissioned by the Ottoman sultan Suleiman the Magnificent in memory of his father Selim I who died in 1520. The architect was Alaüddin (Acem Alisi).[3] The mosque was completed in 1527/8. Attempts have been made to associate the structure with the famous imperial architect Mimar Sinan, but there is no supporting documentary evidence, and the date of the mosque is too old. However, one of the türbe in the garden of the mosque is a work of Sinan (see below).

Architecture[edit]

Exterior[edit]

The mosque was built on a terrace overlooking the Cistern of Aspar, the largest of the three Roman reservoirs in Constantinople. The large courtyard (avlu) has a colonnaded portico with columns of various types of marble and granite. The mosque itself is decorated with very early examples of İznik tiles. The mosque is flanked by twin minarets.

Interior[edit]

The interior plan of the mosque is a simple square room, 24.5 meters on each side, covered by a shallow dome 32.5 meters in height. As with the Hagia Sophia, the dome is much shallower than a full hemisphere. The windows are decorated with lunettes of İznik tiles. To the north and south of the main room, domed passages led to four small domed rooms, which were intended to function as hospices for traveling dervishes.

The türbe[edit]

Located in the garden behind the mosque and overlooking the Golden Horn is the türbe of Sultan Selim I. The building is externally octagonal, and has a porch decorated with panels of tiles of unique design.

A second octagonal türbe with a long inscription carved into the stonework of the exterior contains the tombs of four children of Suleiman the Magnificent. It dates from 1556, and is attributed to Mimar Sinan. The third türbe in the garden is that of Sultan Abdülmecid I, built shortly before his death in 1861.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The companion guide to Istanbul and around the Marmara, John Freely, page 157, 2000
  2. ^ The companion guide to Istanbul and around the Marmara, John Freely, page 157, 2000
  3. ^ Necipoğlu 2005, pp. 93-94.

References[edit]

  • Faroqhi, Suraiyah (2005). Subjects of the Sultan: Culture and Daily Life in the Ottoman Empire. I B Tauris. ISBN 1-85043-760-2. 
  • Freely, John (2000). Blue Guide Istanbul. W. W. Norton & Company. ISBN 0-393-32014-6. 
  • Necipoğlu, Gülru (2005), The Age of Sinan: Architectural Culture in the Ottoman Empire, London: Reaktion Books, ISBN 978-1-86189-253-9 .
  • Rogers, J.M. (2007). Sinan: Makers of Islamic Civilization. I B Tauris. ISBN 1-84511-096-X. 

External links[edit]