Yayladağı

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Yayladağı
Yayladağı is located in Turkey
Yayladağı
Yayladağı
Coordinates: 35°54′09″N 36°03′38″E / 35.90250°N 36.06056°E / 35.90250; 36.06056Coordinates: 35°54′09″N 36°03′38″E / 35.90250°N 36.06056°E / 35.90250; 36.06056
Country Turkey
Province Hatay
Government
 • Mayor Mustafa Kemal Dağıstanlı (MHP)
 • Kaymakam Tolga Polat
Area[1]
 • District 340.81 km2 (131.59 sq mi)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Urban 6,814
 • District 21,766
 • District density 64/km2 (170/sq mi)
Post code 31550
Website www.yayladagi.bel.tr
Districts of Hatay Province

Yayladağı (pronounced [ˈjajɫaˈdaɰɯ], Arabic: اوردو‎) is a town and district of Hatay Province in southern Turkey, on the border between Turkey and Syria, 51 km (32 mi) south of the city of Antakya. It was formerly known as Ordu-Muradiye.

History[edit]

The district has a long history dating back to the Hittites. Islam was brought here by the Abbassid Arabs, and from 1075 onwards the Seljuk Turks. During the Crusades, the mountains were part of the principality of Antioch, then they returned to Muslim control, and in 1268 were brought into the Ottoman Empire by Sultan Selim I during his campaign into Egypt.

Geography[edit]

Today, Yayladağı itself is a small town of 5,717 people as of 2000 census, providing the district with a health centre, high schools and other basics.

This is a mountainous district with a typical Mediterranean climate of hot, dry summers and warm, wet winters, but being inland and high up, Yayladağı is cooler than most of Hatay, even seeing snow on the mountain peaks in winter. The main source of income is agriculture, 96 km2 (37 sq mi) of the land (small valleys and plateau in the mountains) is cultivated with olives, tobacco, vegetables, grains and other crops, the remainder is forest and mountain. The mountainsides are covered with pine, sandalwood and rough oak, or else shrubs including bay, thyme and oleander. Animals, especially goats, are grazed on the hillsides.

Yayladağı has a border crossing into Syria, and the village of Topraktutan, Turkey's southernmost point. The state road D.825 (European route E91) connects the border checkpoint with Antakya.

Places of interest[edit]

  • Kasım Bey Cami - Yayladağı's oldest mosque, built by the Avar lord that captured the area from the Byzantines. Other historical buildings include the 500 year-old mosque Hacı Hüseyin Camii, and a Roman bridge. There are ancient churches including the Church of Barlahan on the Kel Dağı mountain, others in the villages of Çabala and Olgunlar, and the monastery named Kızlar Sarayı. There are also a number of caves and places said to possess healing powers.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 

External links[edit]