Yazdin

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Yazdin (died 627) was the financial minister (Middle Persian: vāstaryōšānsālār) of Khosrau II.

Biography[edit]

Yazdin was a Nestorian Christian from Kirkuk, and is said to built numerous churches. Because he was a Christian and member of the Church of the East, he did everything, to improve the position of his coreligionists. Yazdin built numerous churches and enjoyed the fullest confidence of Khosrau II.

During the Byzantine–Sasanian War of 602–628, the True Cross was taken from the Sasanians and brought to Ctesiphon, where Yazdin and Khosrau's wife took care of the cross and had a celebration along with the other Christians of the Empire. Yazdin also had rivals at the Sasanian court of Ctesiphon, which included Khosrau's wife Shirin, and the royal physician Gabriel of Sinjar, who were both Miaphysite Christians, and were attempting to push back the influence of the Nestorian Christians in favor of their church.

However, in 624, the Byzantine emperor Heraclius turned the tide of war against the Sasanians, and advanced into northern Atropatene, and by 627, he was close to Ctesiphon. These Sasanian failures made Khosrau II so angry that he had several of his officers, including Yazdin, executed. Yazdin had several sons, who were later part of the conspiracy under Khosrau's son Kavadh II which overthrew Khosrau.

Sources[edit]

  • Wilhelm Baum: Shirin. Christin - Queen - Love myth. A late antique female figure. Klagenfurt 2003.
  • Peter Brown: The Rise of Western Christendom. 2 expanded edition. Oxford 2003.
  • Nina Garsoian: Persia: The Church of the East. In: The history of Christianity. Edited by Luce Pietri, inter alia, Vol 3 (431-642). Freiburg im Breisgau 2005 (special edition, original 2001), pp. 1161–1186.
  • John Martindale: The Prosopography of the Later Roman Empire. Bd. IIIa, Cambridge 1992, S. 612f.