Ye Olde Man & Scythe
Ye Olde Man & Scythe public house on Churchgate, in Bolton, England was first recorded by name in 1251, making it one of the ten oldest public houses in Britain and the oldest in Bolton. The present form of the name, prefixed with "Ye Olde", is a pseudoarchaism derived from the Man and Scythe Inn; the name derives from the crest of the Pilkington family, which consists of a reaper using a scythe, alluding to a tradition about one of the early members of the family.
It is not known exactly when Ye Olde Man & Scythe was originally built, but a charter of 1251 permitting the market mentions it by name. It has been rebuilt at least once (1636 according to the datestone inside), and only the vaulted cellar remains of the original structure, though some internal beams remain from 1636. The frontage of the building is an early 20th-century remodelling. It is a Grade II listed building.
In 1651 the Earl of Derby was executed outside the Man & Scythe — owned at the time by his family — for his part in the Bolton Massacre. Outside, is a cross on the site with a plaque that relates the story of Bolton through the ages. The pub contains a chair that the Earl of Derby supposedly sat on before being taken outside to be beheaded; its inscription reads "15th October 1651 In this chair James 7th Earl of Derby sat at the Man and Scythe Inn, Churchgate, Bolton immediately prior to his execution".
The inn has a timber frame and slate roof. The building, occupied by a public house and shop, has a four-window range each end of which is gabled. The two-storey public house occupies the central range and the right-hand gable, which has canted bay windows on each floor. There is a round-arched doorway into the public house and a three-light window to its left. On the first floor are two casement windows. The ground floor window frames and leaded windows date from the early 20th century, the doorway is older. The entry to the yard separates the pub and shop. The shop front in the left-hand gable has a doorway next to a canted oriel window and a two-light mullioned and transomed window above it. The shop front appears to date from the early 19th century.
- Churchgate, Bolton.org, retrieved 11 February 2010
- Ye Olde Man & Scythe, Mysterious Britain, retrieved 7 July 2010
- English Heritage, "Old Man and Scythe Public House (1387975)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 18 October 2012.
- Old Man and Scythe postcard, Bolton Museum, retrieved 30 January 2010
- Farrer, William; Brownbill, J, eds. (1911), "Great Bolton", A History of the County of Lancaster: Volume 5 (British History Online): 243–251, retrieved 30 January 2010
- Media related to Ye Olde Man & Scythe, Bolton at Wikimedia Commons