March 1, 1996 |
Hangzhou, Zhejiang, China
|Height||1.72 m (5 ft 8 in)|
|Weight||64 kg (141 lb)|
Ye Shiwen (born March 1, 1996 in Hangzhou, Zhejiang) is a Chinese swimmer. At the 2012 Summer Olympics, she won gold medals in the 400 metres and 200 metres individual medley, setting the world record in the 400m event and the Olympic record in the 200m event.
Ye Shiwen was born in Hangzhou, capital of Zhejiang Province in eastern China. Her father Ye Qingsong was a runner in his youth, and her mother Ning Yiqing, who was a champion long jumper at school, works for a washing machine company. She started swimming at the age of 6 after her kindergarten teacher noticed she had large hands and feet, joining the Chen Jinglun Sport School in the city. She won the 50m freestyle at the 2006 Zhejiang Provincial Games. By 2007, she was on the provincial swimming team, and was on the Chinese national team by 2008, attending the national junior training camp for two months from October of that year.
She trained in Brisbane, Australia with two world-class coaches, Ken Wood and Denis Cotterell, training that Ye described as "really harsh … but helpful". Her coach Xu Guoyi stated in 2011 that the training in Australia had helped Ye improve her two weaker swimming strokes, with her strengths being the backstroke and the freestyle.
Asian Games and World Championships
In the Women's 400m individual medley at the 2010 Asian Games, Ye Shiwen, aged 14, swam 4:33.79. She swam 2.09.37 in the 200m IM, the fastest time in the world for that year, her time for the 400m IM being the second fastest time in the world for that year. At the 2011 World Aquatics Championships in Shanghai, Ye beat both Alicia Coutts and Ariana Kukors to win the gold medal in 200m individual medley.
2012 Summer Olympics
Women's 400m Individual Medley
At the 2012 Summer Olympics, in the third heat of the Women's 400m Individual Medley she swam 4:31.73, an improvement of 2 seconds over her previous best time at the 2010 Asian Games. In the final she won the gold medal and broke the world record (held by Stephanie Rice since the 2008 Summer Olympics) with a time of 4:28.43, an improvement of a further 3 seconds, swimming the last 50m in 28.93 seconds. Ye's time over the final 50m was compared to that of Ryan Lochte, the winner of the corresponding men's event, who swam it just under a fifth of a second slower in 29.10. This prompted allegations of doping against Ye. However, commentators pointed out that these two times were misleading. Lochte's overall time was 23.25 seconds faster, 4:05.18, than Ye's, and the times of all 8 finalists in the men's 400m IM were at least 10 seconds faster than Ye's time. When Lochte hit the freestyle leg of the race, he had a comfortable lead over his opponents, whereas Ye was still a body length behind U.S. swimmer Elizabeth Beisel at that point in her race. Phil Lutton, sports editor of the Brisbane Times, observed that Ye "had to hit the burners to motor past Beisel". A comprehensive database  constructed by Dr. Jun Huan and Dr. Bo Luo at the University of Kansas supports the claim that there is no evidence from data to show that Ye's performance improvement was not natural.
Although there was speculation regarding Ye's significant improvement over a relatively short time, Phil Lutton pointed out that Ye had grown from 160 cm at the time of the 2010 Games to 172 cm at the 2012 Olympics, and that "[t]hat sort of difference in height, length of stroke and size of hand leads to warp-speed improvement". Former Olympic swimming champions Ian Thorpe and Adrian Moorhouse said that they had also improved their personal bests due to growth spurts. The British Olympic Association chairman Colin Moynihan stated in a news conference that Ye had passed drug tests and "deserved recognition for her talent".
Women's 200m Individual Medley
In the 200m Individual Medley final on 31 July 2012, Ye was in third place at the start of the final leg of the race. But she again overtook her competitors in the freestyle leg, winning the gold medal with the time 2:07.57, a new Olympic record. In preliminary heats she had swum 2:08.90, the same time that she achieved in the 2011 World Championships and her tenth best time of all time, with splits of 28.16, 1:00.54, and 1:38.17.
2013 World Championships
At the 2013 World Aquatics Championships in Barcelona, Ye failed to medal in any events, finishing 4th in the 200-meter individual medley with a time of 2:10.48, and 7th in the 400-meter individual medley with a time of 4:38.51.
- 2010 Chinese Nationals – 1st 200 m individual medley
- 2010 China Water Games – 1st 200 m individual medley; 3rd 400 m individual medley
- 2010 FINA Swimming World Cup (Beijing Leg) – 1st 200 m individual medley; 1st 400 m individual medley; 1st 100 m freestyle
- 2010 Asian Games – 1st 200 m individual medley; 1st 400 m individual medley
- 2010 World Championships (25 m) – 2nd 200 m individual medley; 2nd 400 m individual medley
- 2011 Chinese National Games – 1st 200 m individual medley; 1st 4×200 m freestyle relay
- 2011 World Aquatics Championships – 1st 200m individual medley
- 2012 Olympics – 1st 200m individual medley; 1st 400 m individual medley
- 2012 FINA Swimming World Cup (Beijing Leg) – 1st 200 m individual medley; 1st 400 m individual medley
- 2012 World Championships (25 m) – 1st 200 m individual medley; 2nd 400 m individual medley
- 2013 BHP BILLITON Aquatic Super Series - 1st 200 m individual medley; 1st 400 m individual medley
Career best times
Long course (50 m)
|200 m IM||2:07.57||2012 Olympics||July 31, 2012||AR, OR|
|400 m IM||4:28.43||2012 Olympics||July 28, 2012||WR|
Short course (25 m)
|200 m IM||2:04.64||2012 World Championships||Dec 15, 2012||AR|
|400 m IM||4:23.33||2012 World Championships||Dec 12, 2012||AR|
- London 2012a.
- Branigan 2012.
- Thompson 2012.
- Xin 2012.
- Leicester 2012.
- Lutton 2012.
- "Women's 400m Individual Medley Results". BBC Sport. 2012. Retrieved August 24, 2012.
- BBC 2012a.
- Weinreich 2012.
- BBC 2012d.
- Waldie 2012.
- SBS 2012a.
- Triggle 2012.
- BBC 2012e.
- BBC 2012b.
- BBC 2012c.
- Addley 2012.
- Reuters 2012a.
- SW 2012a.
- "Shiwen Ye Profile". London2012.com. 2012. Retrieved 2012-07-30.
- Addley, Esther (2012-08-01). "Ye Shiwen calmly takes another gold as drug claim storm rages around her". The Guardian.
- "Hannah Miley fifth as Ye Shiwen breaks medley world record". BBC News (BBC). 2012-07-28.
- "China swimmer Ye Shiwen clean, says BOA boss Moynihan". BBC News (BBC). 2012-07-31.
- Branigan, Tania (2012-07-31). "Ye Shiwen: the shy youngster who became a controversial record holder". The Guardian.
- "Olympics: Goodhew blasts US coach over China teen Ye Shiwen's miracle swim". The Belfast Telegraph.
- Leicester, John (2012-07-30). "What's up with China's swimming success?". ESPN. Associated Press.
- Lutton, Phil (2012-07-31). "Don't be too quick to question Chinese success". Brisbane Times.
- "IOC doping boss backs swimmer Ye". Special Broadcasting Service. 2012-07-30.
- "Ye claims Olympic 200m medley gold, Miley seventh". Eurosport. Reuters. 2012-08-01.
- "2012 London Olympics: China's Ye Shiwen Matches Textile Best With Blazing 200 IM Preliminary Swim, Leverenz Comfortably in Third". Swimming World magazine. 2012-07-30.
- Thompson, Nick (2012-08-01). "Ye Shiwen's 'unbelievable' swims are talk of Olympics". CNN.
- Triggle, Nick (2012-07-31). "Why teen athletes can make big improvements". BBC News (BBC).
- Weinreich, Jens (2012-07-29). "Rätselraten um Fabelrekord". Frankfurter Rundschau.
- Xin, Zhou (2012-08-01). "China tipped Ye Shiwen to go on to become an Olympic champion by the time she was six-years-old". The Independent.
- "Chinese Olympic swimmer Ye Shiwen denies doping". BBC News (BBC). 2012-07-31.
- "Olympics swimming: Ye Shiwen wins second gold at London 2012". BBC News (BBC). 2012-07-31.
- "Former medallist Moorhouse on Shiwen Ye doping row". BBC News (BBC). 2012-07-31.
- Waldie, Paul (2012-07-30). "Olympic anti-doping chief defends Chinese swim star Shiwen I". The Globe and Mail.
- "Ye Shiwen row: IOC says it will catch Olympics drugs cheats". BBC News (BBC). 2012-07-31.
- Hughes, David (July 31, 2012). "The Olympics witch hunt started by Clare Balding is over – Telegraph Blogs". blogs.telegraph.co.uk. Retrieved 11 August 2012.
- Smith, Wayne (2012-07-30). "Stephanie Rice upbeat about 200m individual medley defence". The Australian.
|Women's 400 metre individual medley
world record holder (long course)
28 July 2012 – Present
|Women's 400 metre individual medley
Olympic record holder
28 July 2012 – Present
|Women's 200 metre individual medley
Olympic record holder
30 July 2012 – Present
|Pacific Rim Swimmer of the Year