gained Ghana independence from the British on 6 March 1957. It is a member of the [1 ] Commonwealth of Nations. The country became a republic on 1 July 1960.
History [ edit ]
Prior to Independence, the country was known as the
Major years and events [ edit ]
1482 - the
Portuguese become first Europeans to set up trading settlement in Ghana and Sub-Saharan Africa. [2 ] 1874 - the British declare coastal area of the Gold Coast as a colony.
[2 ] 1925 - First legislative council elections take place.
[2 ] 1957 March - Ghana becomes independent with
Kwame Nkrumah as prime minister. [1 ] 1960 - Ghana becomes a republic. Kwame Nkrumah becomes the country's first elected president.
[2 ] 1964 - Kwame Nkrumah declares that there will be no other political party apart from the
Convention People's Party (CPP). 1966 - Nkrumah is overthrown in military coup by
Emmanuel Kwasi Kotoka. [1 ] 1969 -
Kofi Busia is elected prime minister after a new constitution is drawn. [3 ] 1972 - Busia is overthrown by Col. Ignatius Kutu Acheampong, in
military coup. [3 ] 1978 - Acheampong is made to resign;
General Frederick Akuffo takes over. 1979 - Akuffo overthrown in another coup by Flight Lieutenant
Jerry Rawlings. Acheampong and Akuffo tried and executed on charges of corruption. 1979 September - Dr.
Hilla Limann is elected as president of the Ghana. 1981 - Limann is overthrown by Rawlings in military coup. This was after two years of weak government and economic stagnation.
1983 - Rawlings implements conservative
economic policies. 1992 -
Referendum approves new constitution introducing a multiparty system. 1992 - Rawlings is elected president of Ghana.
1994 - 1000 Ghanaians killed and with 150,000 displaced in the
Northern region after between the Konkomba and the Nanumba ethnic groups over land ownership. 1994 - They later sign peace agreements with seven other ethnic groups.
1995 - Curfew imposed in the Northern Region after ethnic violence re-erupts leads to 100 deaths.
1996 - Jerry Rawlings re-elected as president of Ghana.
2000 - December -
John Kufuor is elected president of Ghana after defeating John Atta Mills in the presidential elections. 2001 May - 126 die due to stampede in the Accra
Sports Stadium. Inquiry implicate the Police for overreacting to crowd disturbances. [4 ] 2001 June - Government cancels the celebration of June 4 revolution (the coup that brought Jerry Rawlings to power).
2002 April - Overlord of Dagbon, Ya Na Yakubu Andani and 30 others killed in Dagbon. A State of emergency is declared by government, it was lifted August 2004.
2002 May -
National Truth and Reconciliation commission inaugurated by President Kufuor, with the purpose to investigate human rights violations during Ghana's military rule. 2003 October - Government approves merger of two gold-mining firms, leading to the formation of
Anglogold Ashanti. 2004 December - John Kufuor re-elected as president of Ghana.
2006 - Ghana National football team, the black stars play in the
2006 FIFA World Cup. 2007 March - Ghana @ 50 celebrations mark 50 years of independence from Britain.
2007 June - Ghana discovers oil in commercial quantities. The oil reserves total 3 billion barrels.
H.E. John Evan Atta Mills, former President of Ghana
2008 December -
John Atta Mills elected president. [5 ] 2009 July -
US President Barack Obama visits, making the first Sub-Saharan country to be visited by the 44th President of the United State. [6 ] 2009 October - Sale of Ghana Telecom to
Vodafone of the UK [7 ] 2010 December -
Offshore oil production begins. [8 ] 2012 July - On July 24th, President
John Atta Mills died. John Dramani Mahama was sworn in as substantive president in less than 12 hours after John Atta Mills died. State burial for the late president was held on the 8th through to the 10th of August. Attah Mills was buried at the place now known as the Asomdwoe Park
Notable Ghanaian Births [ edit ]
Notable Ghanaian Deaths [ edit ]
1972, April 27 -
Kwame Nkrumah, 72, first President of Ghana, natural causes in Romania, (born 1909) [9 ] 2012, July 24 -
John Atta Mills, then sitting president, died, and was in less than 12 hours time, succeeded by John Dramani Mahama, then Vice-president.
See also [ edit ]
References [ edit ]
Further reading [ edit ]
Michael Amoah (2011). "Ghana". In Andreas Mehler et al. Africa Yearbook: Politics, Economy and Society South of the Sahara in 2010. Koninklijke Brill. pp. 99–108. ISBN 90-04-20556-X.