|Birth name||Igor Fyodorovich Letov|
|Also known as||Yegor Letov|
|Born||September 10, 1964
|Died||February 19, 2008(aged 43)|
|Genres||punk, post-punk, noise rock, garage rock, psychedelic rock, shoegaze, hardcore punk, noise, industrial, experimental music, avant-garde, musique concrète, plunderphonics, conceptual art, singer-songwriter|
|Occupation(s)||poet, musician, vocalist, songwriter, producer, painter|
|Instruments||singing, guitar, bass guitar, drums, noises, tape loops|
|Labels||GrOb-records,Zolotaya Dolina(on LP 1992-1994), BSA, HOR, Misteriya Zvuka, Vyrgorod|
|Associated acts||Grazhdanskaya Oborona, Kommunizm, Kuzya UO, Egor and Opizdenevshiye, Yanka Dyagileva|
Igor Fyodorovich "Yegor" Letov (Russian: И́горь Фёдорович (Его́р) Ле́тов [ˈiɡərʲ fʲodərəvʲit͡ɕ jɪˈɡor lʲetəf]; 10 September 1964 – 19 February 2008) was a Russian poet, musician, record engineer and conceptual art painter, best known as the founder and leader of the post-punk/psychedelic rock band Grazhdanskaya Oborona (Civil Defense). He was also the founder of a conceptual art avant-garde project Kommunizm and psychedelic rock outfit Egor i Opizdenevshie. Letov is a younger brother of famous free jazz saxophonist Sergey Letov. He also collaborated with singer-songwriter Yanka Dyagileva.
Letov was born in Omsk, Siberia to Fyodor Letov, military man and WW2 veteran from Northern Ural (Perm Krai), and Tamara Letova, doctor of Russian Cossack origin from Kazakhstan. Letov family has Russian, Mordvin, Komi and Turkic ancestors. They moved to Omsk from Semipalatinsk few years before Yegor's birth. Since very young age Yegor and his older brother Sergei were of weak health, and Yegor even had few clinical deaths in his deep childhood. After graduating school, Yegor moved to his brother, who at that moment lived in Moscow and was a relatively successful jazz saxophonist. There he learned to play some instruments (drums, bass guitar), had contacts with Moscow underground avant-garde artists, and enrolled in a professional technical school as a builder, where he worked on constructions of houses. Two years later, in 1984, Letov left the technical school and returned back to Omsk. At this time he already started writing poetry and short stories, and decided to try himself in music. He mostly listened to Rock in Opposition and free jazz back in the early 80s, and his first recordings were very amateurish garage rock, using suitcases instead of drums and other stuff. Later, Letov characterized these recordings as "talentless curiosity", "baby talk" and "shame and reproach". Though, soon he found fellow musicians and companions in Omsk, who also listened to such type of music (which was very unpopular and little known in the USSR, especially in deep province such as Siberia), and they started garage rock band Posev. The most important of these companions was Konstantin Ryabinov (better known as Kuzya UO or Kuzma), musician and poet, who was Letov's comrade-in-arms in Grazhdanskaya Oborona up to late 90s, apart from being very close friend of him until his death. Posev transformed into Grazhdanskaya Oborona in November 1984.
A prolific musician, Letov was also a polarizing figure in the Soviet Union. He was controversial in the mid-to-late 1980s when he satirized the Soviet system and developed a gritty Siberian punk sound. After the fall of the Soviet Union, during the 1993 Russian constitutional crisis, being strongly opposed to Yeltsin's government, he developed a fan base among nationalists and communists. Yegor Letov was one of founders and the first members of National Bolshevik Party. He later distanced himself from National Bolshevism and politics at all. In 1997 Letov married the bass guitarist of Grazhdanskaya Oborona, Natalia Chumakova. They had no children. Yegor Letov died of heart failure in his sleep on 19 February 2008 at his home in Omsk. He was 43 years old.
In an interview, Letov expressed that his favorite poets were Alexander Vvedensky (1904–1941), one of the OBERIU writers, and Russian Futurist poets, such as Vladimir Mayakovsky and Aleksei Kruchenykh. In the beginning of his poetic activity he was hugely influenced by Austrian poet Erich Fried. He also expressed his interest in Conceptualism, and spoke of his own work in punk music and in creating a public image as a work of conceptual performance art. His favorite writers, who considerably affected on Letov's world view and writing style, were Andrei Platonov, Fyodor Dostoevsky, Henry Miller, Bruno Schulz, Flann O'Brian, Leonid Andreev, Ryunosuke Akutagawa, Kobo Abe, and Kenzaburo Oe. Letov's worldview was also inspired by Existentialist philosophy and traditions of Russian Cosmism.
In music, Letov was a big 60's psychedelic/garage rock fan, especially citing Arthur Lee's Love as his favourite band, as well as Texas noise rock band Butthole Surfers, Genesis P-Orridge's Psychic TV, and The Residents. Other notable influences include Sonic Youth, Ramones, The Fall, Dead Kennedys, Swans, Joy Division, Throbbing Gristle, and Einstürzende Neubauten. He also cited industrial, ska and reggae, avant-garde composers such as John Cage, medieval and baroque classical music, Soviet VIA bands and various folk music as an influences on Grazhdanskaya Oborona, Egor i Opizdenevshie and Kommunizm, stating, that everything he listen is to some extent reflected in his music:
Well, I can surely say that about 80% of what I compose was inspired by what I listened to. But it not necessarily had a direct relation. For example, I listen to Bob Dylan, and then (under his impression) I write a hardcore song. I can definitely say: if I listened to nothing, I would write nothing
- Letov, 1989.
Letov always was a controversial figure. While ones considered him as genius, others completely rejected him. Famous musical critic Artemy Troitsky spoke of Letov as a poseur, misanthrope and very pretentious person, whose musical abilities were «very mediocre» (this, though, might be a reaction on Letov's attack on Troitsky in 1990 at Alexander Bashlachev memorial concert, where he publicly accused Troitsky in «conversion of whole Soviet rock in shit»). Poet Elena Fanailova stated, that Letov was «really fucked up and really free artist, whose main and only mission was to experience limits of his own freedom» and «certainly large, significant author, who created his own world - which, though, "works" only in context of post-Soviet civilization». Most of nowadays culturologists consider Letov an important person in post-Soviet culture and one of the best Russian poets of late 20th century, although disputes about his figure are still hot - mostly not about his heritage (which hugely recognizes as very influential on modern Russian culture), but about his radical political statements.
- Yegor Letov, Yanka Dyagileva, Konstantin Ryabinov. Russian field of experiments, 1994. ISBN 5-87787-004-1
- Yegor Letov. I don't believe in Anarchy, 1997. ISBN 5-87109-058-3.
- Yegor Letov. Poems, 2003. ISBN 5-85929-122-1.
- Yegor Letov. Autographs. Drafts and drawings, vol. 1, 2009. ISBN 978-5-903718-03-0
- Yegor Letov. Autographs. Drafts and drawings, vol. 2, 2011. ISBN 978-5-9902779-1-5.
- Yegor Letov. Poems (second edition), 2011. ISBN 978-5-9056230-1-1.
- Sergey Letov about genealogy of Letovs (in comments)
- Punk and national-bolshevism
- Cult Rock Musician Egor Letov Died, 19.02.2008
- Punk Legend Yegor Letov dies of heart failure at the Wayback Machine (archived December 15, 2010) 21.02.2008 The eXile
- RIO №38, 10.1989
- Letov's speech on Bashlachev memorial concert