Yehezkel Streichman

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Yehezkel Streichman
Yehezkel Streichman.jpg
Born 1906
Kovno, Lithuania
Died January 12, 1993 (86 years old)
Tel Aviv, Israel
Nationality Israeli
Movement Modernist "New Horizons" group; French "lyrical abstraction"
Elected President; Israeli Artists and Painters Union

Yehezkel Streichman (Hebrew: יחזקאל שטרייכמן‎, 1906 – January 12, 1993) was an Israeli painter.[1][2][3] He is considered a pioneer of Israeli modernist painting.[4] Among the awards that he won were the Dizengoff Prize and the Israel Prize.

Early life[edit]

Streichman 001.jpg

Streichman was born in Kovno, Lithuania.[4][5] He studied at the local gymnasium, was a member of Hashomer Hatza'ir, and emigrated to Palestine in 1924.[4][5][6]

Painting career[edit]

Streichman studied at the Bezalel Academy of Art and Design with Arie Aroch in 1924–27.[4] He then completed his studies in Paris at the École des Beaux-Arts (1927) and in Florence at the Academy of Art (1928–31).[4][7] He taught painting throughout his life; in elementary and high schools in 1936, at Kibbutz Ashdot Yaakov in 1941, and at the Avni Institute in Tel Aviv in 1944 and from 1954–79.[7] Among those who studied with him were Israeli sculptor Dani Karavan and Israeli abstract artist Lea Nikel.[8][9][10]

He and Avigdor Stematsky formed the Studia Art School in 1944, because they thought Israeli art schools were too conservative.[1][9][11][12]

His painting style involved using many deep layers of paint.[1][13][14] He was an acclaimed painter in what was known as the modernist "New Horizons" (Ofakim Hadashim) group in 1950s Tel Aviv, which he founded in 1948 along with Joseph Zaritsky and Stematsky.[15] It painted in a French "lyrical abstraction" style.[16][17] He was President of the Israeli Artists and Painters Union.[18]

In 1964, he and Yechiel Shemi and other artists formed a group of artists called Tatzpit (Vantage Point).[19]

He also participated in 24th Venice Biennale (1948), the 28th Venice Biennale (1954), the 3rd Sao Paulo Biennale (1955), and the 33rd Venice Biennale (1966).[7]

He won the Dizengoff Prize multiple times (1941, 1944, 1954, 1969), the Ramat Gan Prize (1956), the Moadon Milo Prize (1968), the Sandberg Prize for Israeli Art, awarded by the Israel Museum (1974), the Histadrut Prize (1986), the Israel Prize (1990).[4][7][18][20][21] In 1948 he participated in 24th Venice Biennale. During the years 1941–44 he was a member of Kibbutz Ashdot Ya'akov. During 1945–48 he founded The Studio in Tel Aviv with Stematsky. In 1948 Streichman was one of the founders of New Horizon Group. In 1981 he was made an Honorary citizen of Tel Aviv and in 1992 Honorary President of the Association of Artists and sculptors.

He died on January 12, 1993, in Tel Aviv, at the age of 86.[18]

Solo exhibitions[edit]

  • 1945 Tel Aviv Museum, Tel Aviv
  • 1953 Tel Aviv Museum, Tel Aviv
  • 1960 Tel Aviv Museum, The Helena Rubinstein Pavilion
  • 1961 Israel Gallery, Tel Aviv
  • 1967 Beit Yad Labanim Museum, Petach Tikva
  • 1969 M. Riebenfeld Gallery, Tel Aviv
  • 1974 Israel Museum, Jerusalem
  • 1974 Yodfat Gallery, Tel Aviv
  • 1975 Tel Aviv Museum, Tel Aviv
  • 1975 Beit Uri and Rami Museum, Ashdot Yaacov
  • 1977 Mishkan Le'omanut, Holon
  • 1977 Berta Udang Gallery, Jerusalem
  • 1979 M. Riebenfeld Gallery, Tel Aviv
  • 1980 Haifa Museum of Modern Art, Haifa
  • 1980 Museum of Art, Ein Harod
  • 1980 Hillel Gallery, Jerusalem
  • 1981 Neomi Givon Gallery, Tel Aviv
  • 1985 Mishkenot Sha'ananim, Jerusalem
  • 1986 The Knesset, Jerusalem
  • 1987 Israel Museum, Jerusalem
  • 1987 Givon Gallery, Tel Aviv
  • 1989 Tel Aviv Museum of Art, Tel Aviv
  • 1989 Hecht Museum, Haifa
  • 1990 Beersheba Museum of Israeli Art, Beersheba
  • 1991 Tefen Opem Museum, Tefen
  • 1998 Aharon Kahana House, Ramat Gan

Publications[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Rebecca L. Torstrick (2004). Culture and customs of Israel. Retrieved August 3, 2011. 
  2. ^ Barbara E. Mann (2006). A place in history: modernism, Tel Aviv, and the creation of Jewish urban space. Retrieved August 3, 2011. 
  3. ^ Michael Berkowitz (2004). Nationalism, Zionism and ethnic mobilization of the Jews in 1900 and beyond. Retrieved August 3, 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c d e f Gil Goldfine (June 2, 1989). "Streichman on Paper". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved August 3, 2011. 
  5. ^ a b Itim (January 13, 1993). "PIONEERING ARTIST YEHZEKEL STREICHMAN DIES AT 86". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved August 3, 2011. 
  6. ^ Adrian M. Darmon (2003). Autour de l'art juif: encyclopédie des peintres, photographes et sculpteurs. Carnot. Retrieved August 3, 2011. 
  7. ^ a b c d "Artists' Information". Israel Museum Information Center for Israeli Art. Retrieved August 3, 2011. 
  8. ^ Eldar, Akiva (December 24, 2010). "'The stones cry out'". Haaretz. Retrieved August 3, 2011. 
  9. ^ a b Johnson, Ken (October 1, 2005). "Lea Nikel, Abstract Painter and One of Israel's Top Artists, Dies at 86". New York Times (Israel). Retrieved August 3, 2011. 
  10. ^ Gilerman, Dana (March 16, 2011). "A feminist with a brush". Haaretz. Retrieved August 3, 2011. 
  11. ^ Dalia Manor (2005). Art in Zion: the genesis of modern national art in Jewish Palestine. Retrieved August 3, 2011. 
  12. ^ Rapp, David (March 16, 2011). "It's all in black and white". Retrieved August 3, 2011. 
  13. ^ Gilerman, Dana (July 26, 2007). "A total mother, a total artist". Haaretz. Retrieved August 3, 2011. 
  14. ^ "Israel's Old Master". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved August 3, 2011. 
  15. ^ "Streichman, 86". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved August 3, 2011. 
  16. ^ Davira Spiro Taragin, Alex Ward, Helen Williams Drutt (2006). Women's tales: four leading Israeli jewelers. Retrieved August 3, 2011. 
  17. ^ Armon, Ellie (March 16, 2011). "The Zaritsky method". Haaretz. Retrieved August 3, 2011. 
  18. ^ a b c Itim (January 13, 1993). "PIONEERING ARTIST YEHZEKEL STREICHMAN DIES AT 86". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved August 3, 2011. 
  19. ^ Gilerman, Dana. "Group portrait, no frame". Haaretz. Retrieved August 3, 2011. 
  20. ^ "Lively Down South". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved August 3, 2011. 
  21. ^ "Israel Prize For Art". The Jerusalem Post. Retrieved August 3, 2011. 

External links[edit]

  • "Yehezkel Streichman". Information Center for Israeli Art. Israel Museum. Retrieved January 22, 2012.