|Member of Congress|
26 July 2011
|Second Vice President of Congress|
26 July 2011 – 26 July 2012
|Succeeded by||Juan Carlos Eguren|
|Prime Minister of Peru|
14 October 2008 – 11 July 2009
|Preceded by||Jorge del Castillo|
|Succeeded by||Javier Velásquez|
|1st Governor of Lambayeque|
1 January 2003 – 9 March 2009
|Preceded by||Office Created|
|Succeeded by||Nery Saldarriaga (Interim)|
|Member of the Chamber of Deputies|
26 July 1985 – 26 July 1990
18 July 1947 |
|Political party||Humanist Movement Party|
|Alma mater||Pedro Ruiz Gallo State University|
Early life and family
Born in Lima to a family of Jewish and Italian descent, Simon's family moved to the city of Chiclayo to establish a shoe retail business. After completing his early education at the Colegio Manuel Pardo, he joined the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine at the Universidad Nacional Pedro Ruiz Gallo, in the city of Lambayeque, where he later was a lecturer. He married Nancy Valcárcel, a Chiclayo painter with whom he had four children: Jessica, Yehuda, and Yusef Yail and four grandchildren: David, Micaela, Joaquín and Isabella.
Beginning in politics: 1980s
Yehuda Simon began his political activity in 1983, when he applied for the post of Mayor of prosperous Chiclayo by the party United Left, and was placed second. In 1985 he applied to the Chamber of Deputies by United Left, was elected MP for Lambayeque (1985-1990), integrating the Committees on Justice and Human Rights Congress.
In 1991, he founded the Free Patriotic Movement, who was accused of being the legal wing of the MRTA (Túpac Amaru Revolutionary Movement) rebel movement, famous for the 1996 Japanese embassy hostage crisis in Lima. On April 5, 1992, Simon was in Europe, participating in conferences. Upon learning of the breakdown of the constitutional President Alberto Fujimori he returned to Peru and decided to participate in the protest against the closure of the Congress of Peru.
On June 11, 1992 he was arrested along with other leaders of Patria Libre, and accused of being a subversive. Later that year he was sentenced by the judiciary to 20 years of imprisonment for the crime of "glorification of terrorism." During his 8 and a half years in prison, human rights organizations, Amnesty International, some media and some opposition Peruvian politicians demanded that the Fujimori regime pardon him.
Post-imprisonment: governor and Prime Minister
Since July 2008 he has been the president of the moderate center-left Peruvian Humanist Party.
On 14 October 2008, Simon was sworn in as President of the Peruvian Minister Cabinet, a position akin to that of a Prime Minister. President Alan García had appointed Simon, who is politically to the left of García, in an effort to mollify the country's poor and nationalists who are considered "hard-line leftists" by the right-wing Peruvian parties. 
In June 2009, Simon announced that he would resign as prime minister "in the coming weeks", following violence over the land rights of Amazon Indians. He resigned on 10 July 2009 and was replaced on 12 July 2009 by Ángel Javier Velásquez Quesquén.
Simon went on to apologize to the indigenous people, acknowledging the government had not properly consulted with the Amazon Indians prior to passing ten controversial laws, designed to ease foreign companies in the exploration of the Amazon for oil, gas and lumber. Simon pledged to work to persuade the Peruvian congress to repeal these controversial laws. Peru's indigenous leaders had launched protest strikes and blockades in April 2009; resulting in 34 persons killed, including 23 policemen; in bloody clashes between the Amazon Indians and the Peruvian police.
Article drawn primarily from Spanish-language Wikipedia entry of same name
- Peru's ailing President makes Jewish-Italian former radical PM
- "Simon acepta ser nuevo jefe de gabinete". Con Nuestro Peru. 11 October 2008.
- "Peru's ailing President makes Jewish-Italian former radical PM". Haaretz. 20 October 2008.
- Peru's president appoints new PM BBC News, 12 October 2008
- "Peru's Garcia swears in new ministers amid scandal (update2)". Bloomberg. 20 October 2008.
- Peru: Prime Minister to Step Down, The New York Times, June 16, 2009
- Adams, Guy (17 June 2009). "Peru's premier quits after protests end in bloodshed". The Independent.
- http://english.aljazeera.net/news/americas/2009/06/200961618223869749.html%7C access date 17 July 2009
- http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2009/jun/17/yehude-simon-peru-resign%7C access date 17 July 2009
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Yehude Simon Munaro.|
Jorge del Castillo
|Prime Minister of Peru