Yeysk

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Yeysk (English)
Ейск (Russian)
-  Town[1]  -
Ейский морской порт.jpg
Yeysk port, 2006
Map of Russia - Krasnodar Krai (2008-03).svg
Location of Krasnodar Krai in Russia
Yeysk is located in Krasnodar Krai
Yeysk
Yeysk
Location of Yeysk in Krasnodar Krai
Coordinates: 46°42′N 38°17′E / 46.700°N 38.283°E / 46.700; 38.283Coordinates: 46°42′N 38°17′E / 46.700°N 38.283°E / 46.700; 38.283
Герб города Ейска.png
Flag of Eisk (Krasnodar krai).png
Coat of arms
Flag
Town Day Third Sunday of August[citation needed]
Administrative status (as of May 2013)
Country Russia
Federal subject Krasnodar Krai[1]
Administratively subordinated to Town of Yeysk[1]
Administrative center of Town of Yeysk,[1] Yeysky District[1]
Municipal status (as of July 2010)
Municipal district Yeysky Municipal District[2]
Urban settlement Yeyskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Administrative center of Yeysky Municipal District,[2] Yeyskoye Urban Settlement[2]
Head[citation needed] Valery Kulkov[citation needed]
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 87,769 inhabitants[3]
Rank in 2010 192nd
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[4]
Founded 1848[citation needed]
Postal code(s)[5] 353680-353691
Dialing code(s) +7 86132[citation needed]
Official website
Yeysk on WikiCommons

Yeysk (Russian: Ейск) is a port and a resort town in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, situated on the shore of the Taganrog Gulf of the Sea of Azov. The town is build primarily on the Yeya Spit, which separates the Yeya River from the Sea of Azov. Population: 87,769 (2010 Census);[3] 86,349 (2002 Census);[6] 78,150 (1989 Census).[7]

History[edit]

The town was founded in 1848 by Prince Mikhail Semyonovich Vorontsov in accordance with a royal order from the Tsar of Russia.[citation needed]

Administrative and municipal status[edit]

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Yeysk serves as the administrative center of Yeysky District, even though it is not a part of it.[1] As an administrative division, it is, together with the territory of Shirochansky Rural Okrug (which comprises seven rural localities), incorporated separately as the Town of Yeysk—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[1] As a municipal division, the Town of Yeysk is incorporated within Yeysky Municipal District as Yeyskoye Urban Settlement.[2]

Yeysk resorts[edit]

Yeysk is known for its mineral waters and its medicinal mud baths. This mud is brought from the neighboring Lake Khanskoye. The town has a number of parks, a sanatorium, several recreation centers, hotels, and beaches. The bathing season lasts from May until September. Yeysk offers a variety of attractions, restaurants, open-air cafes, clubs, bars, and night clubs.

The most popular resort area in Yeysk is Dolgaya Spit, near the village of Dolzhanskaya.

Airfield[edit]

Yeysk has a mixed military/civilian airfield (ru:Ейск (аэропорт)), home to the Yeysk Military Institute during the Cold War and the 10th Mixed Aviation Division (4th Air Army) during the 1990s.

After the disbandment of the 10th Mixed Aviation Division the headquarters of the 1st Guards Stalingrad, Svirsky Composite Air Division arrived. Also at the airport based aviation group Yeisk Higher Military Institute, armed with planes L-39.

In addition, the 959th Bomber Regiment was previously based at the airfield, which was part of the 1st Guards Composite Air Division. The 959th Bomber Aviation Regiment was previously the 959th Training Aviation Regiment.[8] In September 2009, due to the transfer of the airfield from the Air Force to the Navy, the regiment was disbanded, and its members were part of the aircraft Su-24 relocated to Morozovsk airfield (6970th Air Base, 7th Brigade of Aerospace Defence).

On February 1, 2010, 859th Naval Aviation Training Center under the leadership of Major-General Alexei Serdyuk was open at the airfield. To ensure the educational process training units will be relocated from the Ostrov (air base) (Pskov Oblast) and the village of Kacha. For service center from the previously disbanded and civilian staff will be involved in more than one thousand people.

Climate[edit]

Yeysk has a mild climate. Average temperature in January is −4 °C (25 °F). Summers are very warm, with average July temperature of +24 °C (75 °F). Average rainfall is about 450 millimeters (18 in) a year.

Climate data for Yeysk
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15
(59)
19
(66)
28
(82)
29
(84)
33
(91)
37
(99)
41
(106)
38
(100)
34
(93)
32
(90)
27
(81)
16
(61)
39
(102)
Average high °C (°F) 1.2
(34.2)
0.2
(32.4)
4.7
(40.5)
13.4
(56.1)
21.0
(69.8)
25.2
(77.4)
27.9
(82.2)
27.1
(80.8)
21.4
(70.5)
14.5
(58.1)
7.1
(44.8)
1.5
(34.7)
13.8
(56.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −3.9
(25)
−3.3
(26.1)
1.1
(34)
9.2
(48.6)
16.8
(62.2)
21.3
(70.3)
24.2
(75.6)
23.2
(73.8)
17.6
(63.7)
10.8
(51.4)
4.0
(39.2)
−1.1
(30)
10.0
(50)
Average low °C (°F) −6.7
(19.9)
−6.4
(20.5)
−1.9
(28.6)
5.6
(42.1)
12.8
(55)
17.7
(63.9)
20.4
(68.7)
19.4
(66.9)
14.0
(57.2)
7.5
(45.5)
1.5
(34.7)
−3.6
(25.5)
6.7
(44.1)
Record low °C (°F) −30
(−22)
−29
(−20)
−21
(−6)
−5
(23)
−1
(30)
4
(39)
13
(55)
9
(48)
1
(34)
−6
(21)
−20
(−4)
−25
(−13)
−30
(−22)
Precipitation mm (inches) 36
(1.42)
34
(1.34)
31
(1.22)
33
(1.3)
36
(1.42)
46
(1.81)
48
(1.89)
46
(1.81)
29
(1.14)
39
(1.54)
39
(1.54)
39
(1.54)
456
(17.95)
Source: [9]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Yeysk is twinned with:

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Reference Information #34.01-707/13-03
  2. ^ a b c d e Law #714-KZ
  3. ^ a b Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  4. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  5. ^ (Russian) Russian postal objects - find by name
  6. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities—Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian). Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  7. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года[All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  8. ^ Holm
  9. ^ Ейск, Краснодарский край - климат, описание (in Russian). Retrieved September 3, 2009. 

Sources[edit]

  • Управление по взаимодействию с органами местного самоуправления Администрации Краснодарского края. Справочная информация №34.01-707/13-03 от 23 мая 2013 г. «Реестр административно-территориальных единиц Краснодарского края». (Department of Cooperation with the Organs of the Local Self-Government of the Administration of Krasnodar Krai. Reference Information #34.01-707/13-03 of May 23, 2013 Registry of the Administrative-Territorial Units of Krasnodar Krai. ).
  • Законодательное Собрание Краснодарского края. Закон №714-КЗ от 7 июня 2004 г «Об установлении границ муниципального образования Ейский район, наделении его статусом муниципального района, образовании в его составе муниципальных образований — городского и сельских поселений — и установлении их границ», в ред. Закона №2053-КЗ от 28 июля 2010 г «О внесении изменений в некоторые законодательные акты Краснодарского края». Вступил в силу со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Кубанские новости", №103, 29 июня 2004 г. (Legislative Assembly of Krasnodar Krai. Law #714-KZ of June 7, 2004 On the Establishment of the Borders of the Municipal Formation of Yeysky District, on Granting It the Status of a Municipal District, on the Establishment of the Municipal Formations—Urban and Rural Settlements—Within Its Structure and on the Establishment of Their Borders, as amended by the Law #2053-KZ of July 28, 2010 On Amending Several Legislative Acts of Krasnodar Krai. Effective as of the day of the official publication.).

External links[edit]