|Transit type||Rapid transit|
|Number of lines||1|
|Number of stations||9|
|Daily ridership||105 thousand(average, 2011)|
|System length||12.7 km (7.9 mi)|
Yekaterinburg, formerly called Sverdlovsk, was always known as the informal capital of the Urals, a natural divide between Europe and Asia, between Siberia and European Russia. The city grew very rapidly because it was an important industrial centre and a transport hub. Plans for a rapid-transit system began in the late 1970s, and in 1980 construction began.
The city's uneven landscape, as well as its layout with a very dense city centre, prompted to combine deep and shallow stations. On 26 April 1991, the sixth Metro of Russia and the thirteenth and last Metro of the Soviet Union, which had ceased to exist only a few months later, was finally opened to the public. However, the economic crisis of the early 1990s rocked the Metro very hard and the first stage encompassed only three stations. However, then Russian president Boris Yeltsin diverted funds to complete its construction and by 1995 the Metro was doubled in length. Since then, only two extensions have been built.
||Ploshchad 1905 Goda|
|Prospekt Kosmonavtov–Mashinostroiteley||April 26, 1991|
|Mashinostroiteley–Uralskaya||December 22, 1992|
|Uralskaya–Ploshchad 1905 Goda||December 22, 1994|
|Ploshchad 1905 Goda–Geologicheskaya||December 30, 2002|
|Geologicheskaya–Botanicheskaya||November 28, 2011|
|Chkalovskaya||July 28, 2012|
The Metro is a typical Soviet design, which when completed will form a triangle from three lines intersecting in the city centre. The eight stations comprise 12.7 kilometres (7.9 mi) of length and are split between deep and shallow. Of the latter, four are pillar-trispans and one is a single vault (built to Kharkov technology). The deep-level stations include one pylon, one column and two Leningrad-technology single vaults, although one was built to a design making it appear as a single deck. Like all ex-Soviet Metros, the stations are elaborately decorated, although economic hardships prevented the full original designs from being implemented.
The Metro is served by one depot, Kalinovskoye, and 62 cars are assigned to it. The annual ridership is approximately 42.8 million people.
There are no concrete plans for Bazhovskaya station. The construction of the second line may begin in 2012.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Yekaterinburg Metro|
- (Russian) Popular site
- (Russian) Metroworld
- (German) (Russian) Metrosoyuza
- (French) List, maps and stations of Yekaterinburg metro
- (Russian) metro-ektb.ru