Yekaterinburg Metro

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Yekaterinburg Metro
Ekb metro logo.svg
Overview
Native name Екатеринбургский метрополитен
Ekaterinburgskiy metropoliten
Locale Yekaterinburg, Russia
Transit type Rapid transit
Number of lines 1
Number of stations 9
Daily ridership 130,000 (daily average, 2012)[1]
Operation
Began operation 1991
Technical
System length 12.7 km (7.9 mi) [1]
Track gauge 1,524 mm (5 ft) (?)

The Yekaterinburg Metro (Russian: Екатеринбу́ргский Метрополите́н) is a rapid transit system that serves the city of Yekaterinburg, Russia. The Metro opened on 26 April 1991, and is 12.7 kilometres (7.9 mi) long[1] and serves 9 stations.[1] The Yekaterinburg Metro was the 13th and last metro to open in the USSR.

History[edit]

People gather on the platform at Dinamo, one of the stations in the Yekaterinburg Metro system
A train at Prospekt Kosmonavtov station

Yekaterinburg, formerly called Sverdlovsk, was always known as the informal capital of the Urals, a natural divide between Europe and Asia, between European Russia and Siberia. The city grew very rapidly because it was an important industrial centre and a transport hub. Plans for a rapid-transit system began in the late 1970s, and in 1980 construction began.

The city's uneven landscape, as well as its layout with a very dense city centre, prompted to combine deep and shallow stations. On 26 April 1991, the sixth Metro of Russia and the thirteenth and last Metro of the Soviet Union, which ceased to exist only a few months later, was finally opened to the public. However, the economic crisis of the early 1990s rocked the Metro very hard and the first stage encompassed only three stations. However, then Russian president Boris Yeltsin diverted state funds to complete its construction and by 1995 the Metro was doubled in length. Since then, only two extensions have been built.

Timeline[edit]

Yekaterinburg Metro
Prospekt Kosmonavtov
Uralmash
Mashinostroiteley
Uralskaya
Dinamo
Ploshchad 1905 Goda
Geologicheskaya
Bazhovskaya
Chkalovskaya
Botanicheskaya
edit
Segment Date opened
Prospekt KosmonavtovMashinostroiteley April 26, 1991
MashinostroiteleyUralskaya December 22, 1992
UralskayaPloshchad 1905 Goda December 22, 1994
Ploshchad 1905 GodaGeologicheskaya December 30, 2002
GeologicheskayaBotanicheskaya November 28, 2011
Chkalovskaya July 28, 2012

Operation[edit]

The Metro is a typical Soviet design, which when completed will form a triangle from three lines intersecting in the city centre. The eight stations comprise 12.7 kilometres (7.9 mi) of length and are split between deep and shallow. Of the latter, four are pillar-trispans and one is a single vault (built to Kharkov technology). The deep-level stations include one pylon, one column and two Leningrad-technology single vaults, although one was built to a design making it appear as a single deck. Like all ex-Soviet Metros, the stations are elaborately decorated, although economic hardships prevented the full original designs from being implemented.

The Metro is served by one depot, Kalinovskoye, and 62 cars are assigned to it.

Ridership has improved in recent years. In 2011, the average daily ridership on the Metro was 105,000.[2] By 2012, the average daily ridership had increased to 130,000.[1] This corresponds to an annual ridership in 2012 of approximately 47.45 million people.

Plan of the Yekaterinburg Metro

Plans[edit]

There are no concrete plans for Bazhovskaya station. The construction of the second line may begin in 2012.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e МЕТРОПОЛИТЕНЫ РОССИИ за 2012 год [METROS of Russia in 2012]. Новосибирский метрополитен (in Russian). Novosibirsk metro. 2012. Retrieved 2013-09-03. 
  2. ^ Перевозка пассажиров

External links[edit]