Major Sandeep Unnikrishnan Road, Yelahanka Newtown
|Elevation||915 m (3,002 ft)|
|Population ( 2011)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||KA 50|
History of Yelahanka
The city of Yelahanka had been in existence prior to 12th century. The region was called 'Ilaipakka Naadu' during the rule of Cholas. A stone tablet of 1267 A.D found in Doddaballapur mentions Dechi Devarasa, ruling the region with Yelahanka as his capital under the aegis of Hoysala monarch 'Narasimha (Third)'. (Epigraphia Carnatica - BL Rice Vol. IX Doddaballapura Page ??? https://archive.org/details/epigraphiacarnat09myso)
Later, during Hoysala rein, the city came to be known as 'Elavanka' and gradually shifted to 'Yelahanka'.
Of the numerous Rulers of different dynasties who ruled with Yelahanka as their Capital, the Kempe Gowdas are the most acclaimed. Hiriya Kempe Gowda (Kempe Gowda the First) built a fort in the adjoining village of Bengaluru and developed it as his new capital, probably due to its strategic location and slightly cooler climate being at a higher altitude. It was his son, Immadi Kempe Gowda, who had the famous watch towers built in the four directions of the new city.
Some Temples in Yelahanka – like the Venugopala Swamy Temple – have remained as a testimony to its rich past. Although a Fort's remnant could not be traced, a street nearby the Venugopala Swamy Temple is still known as 'Kote Beedi' or 'Fort Street'.
Yelahanka lies to the north of Bengaluru. It was a Municipal council and Taluk (lies below the District level in administrative setup) headquarters prior to formation of BBMP (a metro corporation annexing the original Bangalore area and its suburbs) and now forms a part of greater Bengaluru. A well planned township was developed during early 1980s to the south of the city by Karnataka Housing Board and is identified by several names like 'Yelahanka Upanagara'; 'Yelahanka Satellite Town'; 'Yelahanka New Town' or simply 'Housing Board'.
The sex ratio in this city is rather favorable for the female population. Around 46% of the population is made up of females. This is quite unlike places like Haryana where the ratio is low.
National Highway NH7 passes through Yelahanka and newly constructed NH7 passes through the north eastern fringes of Yelahanka, acting as a bypass road to avoid the Yelahanka suburb. State Highway 9 (Bangalore - Hindupur) passing in the south of Yelahanka bisects the suburb into Old Town and New Town. Yelahanka's business areas are Hospital Main Road and BB road in Yelahanka and in New Town are 16th 'B' Cross and Major Sandeep Unnikrishnan Roads.
Yelahanka has several lakes surrounding it, adjoining: Old Yelahanka, Puttenhalli, Attur and Allalasandra. The lake at Puttenahalli (3 km up the SH 9) has been declared a bird sanctuary. Most of these are either dry or are in bad condition due to emptying of untreated sewerage effluents into them.
Yelahanka is at a height of about 915 metres (3000 feet) above mean sea level. Due to its higher altitude from mean sea level, it is lush green and has pleasant weather year round.
- The summer season lasts from March to mid-May, with a temperature in the range 20–35 degrees Celsius
- At the end of May, the monsoon season starts and lasts until the end of October. There are about 45 inches of rain annually. Yelahanka is served by both South west as well as South east monsoon.
- Winters are mild and last from November to February, with a temperature in the range 14-24 degrees Celsius.
As of 2001[update] India census, Yelahanka had a population of 93,263. Males constituted 54% of the population and females 46%. The literacy rate was 75%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy was 80%, and female literacy was 68%. Eleven percent of the population were under 6 years of age.
As per recent estimates, the population of Yelahanka has risen to about 3,00,000 in 2011.
Yelahanka has an excellent connectivity be it road, rail and air. The road network to Yelahanka is one of the best in entire Bangalore. Yelahanka railway station is one of the oldest stations setup in Bangalore area and has railway lines connecting KR Puram and Bayappanahalli in the east and Yeshwanthpur in the northwest. If these tracks are improved and daily city passenger trains introduce, a big part of traffic congestion will be eased as more people will use trains. Since the tracks are already existing, it is better to use the existing infrastructure rather than investing in new activities like Metro. Kempegowda International Airport is located off Yelahanka.
Yelahanka is connected with downtown Bangalore through a network of roads and a six lane dual carriageway highway. The same highway connects Yelahanka with Kempegowda International Airport. BMTC (Bangalore Metropolitan Transport Corporation), KSRTC serve Yelahanka with its network of buses. There are regular BMTC Volvo A/C Bus services and other buses to Bangalore from Yelahanka.
- 268E, 271H, 276J, 280, 280A, 280C, 280E, 280J, 280K, 280L, 281, 281A, 281C, 281D, 281F, 281G, 282, 282A, 282B, 282C, 282D, 282F, 282G, 283, 283A, 283B, 283D, 283E, 284, 284D, 289, 289B, 289C, 289E, 289K, 289M, 297, 297A, 297B, 297F, 297G, 297H, 298, 298A, 298B, 298C, 298D, 298E, 298F, 298G, 298H, 298J, 298K, 298M, 298MA, 298MB, 298MG, 298MK, 298N, 299, 299E, 299M, 402B, 402D connects Yelahanka with Kempegowda Bus Station/Majestic.
- G9 connects Yelahanka with Shivajinagar.
- 500DA connects Yelahanka with Electronic city.
- 268E, 280, 280A, 280C, 280E, 280K, 281, 281A, 281C, 281D, 282, 282A, 282B, 282C, 282D, 283, 283A, 283B, 283E, 284, 289, 289B, 289C, 289E, 289K, 297, 297A, 297B, 297F, 297H, 298, 298A, 298B, 298C, 298D, 298E, 298F, 298J, 298K, 299, 299E, 299M connects Yelahanka with KR Market.
- 401K, 401B, 401R, 401E, 401Q connect Yelahanka with Vijayanagar.
The famous National Highway 7 (North - South Corridor) also passes through Yelahanka.
Yelahanka is also served by host of private taxi companies operating in Greater Bangalore area and also the Auto Rickshaw services within the Bangalore Metropolitan Area.
Yelahanka Jn. (code YNK) is a junction railway station of South Western Railway Zone, served by Indian Railways. Yelahanka Jn. comes under the jurisdiction of Bangalore Division and is about 15 km north of Bangalore City Railway station (SBC)
The station lies on the train line connecting Bangalore with North, West and Central India via Guntakal Junction. There are four routes merging at the station - (south)one from Yeshwantpur (YPR) and the other from Byapanahalli - KR Puram (KJM). (north) one from Chikkballapur and the other from Doddballapur connecting all major cites in country.
The station is served by regular scheduled train services originating, terminating and passing through Bangalore Metropolitan region. The majority of express and passenger trains halt at Yelahanka Jn. station,connecting it to all major cities and towns in the country. There are passenger train services which connect Yelahanka Jn. to nearby towns and other suburbs of Bangalore.
Yelahanka Jn. has a computerized Indian Railway ticket booking office.
Rail Wheel Factory (earlier known as Wheel and Axle Plant) is situated in Yelahanka. It is a state-of-the-art plant, meeting bulk of the requirement of wheels, axles and wheel sets for the Indian Railways. The spare capacity available is profitably utilized to meet the domestic demands for non-railway customers and exports.
- The sitting MLA of Yelahanka area is Vishwanath of BJP who resides at SINGANAYAKANAHALLI.
- The authority responsible for upkeep of Yelahanka is BBMP (Bruhat Bengaluru Mahanagara Palike)
- There are two police stations within Yelahanka, one in Old Town and the other in New town.
- Yelahanka has its own RTO KA-50, located at Yelahanka New Town.
- Yelahanka has its own Sub-Registrar office at New Town
- Yelahanka has 2 BMTC depots;depots-11 & 30 located at puttanehalli
Industries in Yelahanka
- Yelahanka is a traditional place of weavers. It housed a large number of hand-looms of power looms till 1990s. However, only a handful remain now. The tradition has however been continued by modern textile industries like Go Go International.
- Yelahanka has the largest milk dairy of Karnataka State, known as 'Mother Diary', a processing unit of the state run Karnataka Milk Federation (KMF) www.kmfnandini.coop/.
- Yelahanka houses the Rail Wheel Factory (formerly Wheel and Axle Plant), a Production Unit of Indian Railways. It is the largest manufacturer of Railway Wheels and Axles and was until recently, also the proprietary manufacturer of these products in India (save the Durgapur Steel Plant, that produces a small quantity of Railway Wheels).
- Other industry includes Astra Zeneca Pharmaceuticals, Federal-Mogul Goetze (India) Limited (formerly Escorts Mahle Goetze), Ranflex India Pvt. Ltd. Hobel Flexibles Inc & Sri Pradhyumna Technologies Pvt.Ltd. Leonsoft solutions.
Agriculture / Farming in Yelahanka
Crops like paddy, rice and Raagi (millet) were being cultivated at small scale in the area with irrigation from numerous lakes in the area. The villages surrounding Yelahanka, especially Allalasandra, was famous for Guava fruit and grapes. Alas, now the agriculture and farming exist no more due to urbanization and industrialization.
Governmental research facilities exist around Yelahanka in the form of Gandhi Krishi Vigyana Kendra (GKVK) under the University of Agricultural Sciences www.uasbangalore.edu.in/ and Central Institute of Medicinal and Aromatic Plants www.cimap.res.in/
- The Indian Air Force has a presence in Yelahanka with an Air Force Station and a defence airport situated on NH7. An international air show is held every two years which attracts manufacturers and sellers of defence equipment, defence aircraft, and "next gen" fighters.
- The BSF (Border Security Force) has a training center in Yelahanka. The Special Operations Training center is located on NH7, towards the northern part of the suburb, on the road leading to BIAL.
- CRPF (Central Reserve Police Force) has a training school for their officers and troops at Yelahanka, with residential campuses for the troops. CRPF campus is located in lush green environment on Doddaballapur Road.
- Karnataka State Reserve Police has its Training facility at Yelahanka. The academy is located in the northern part of the suburb, near the Air Force station.
||Chalahalli||Rajanukunte||Bangalore International Airport|
|Yelahanka New Town||Yelahanka Railway Station/Hebbal||Krishnarajapuram|
- Shaasana Parishodhane by Dr. M.G. Manjunaatha, Dept. of Kannada, Mysuru Univ.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.
- Rice, B. Lewis (2004). Mysore: a gazetteer compiled for government. Karnataka Gazetteer. pp. 40–48. Retrieved February 24, 2012.
- ^ Government of Karnataka. City of Yelahanka. "Yelahanka City Municipal Council". Accessed November 2, 2005.
- Media related to Yelahanka at Wikimedia Commons