|Elevation||205 m (673 ft)|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
Yellandu, formerly Yellandalapadu is a town and a nagar panchayat in Khammam district in the Indian state of Telangana. It is home of the Singareni Collieries Company Limited, a coal mining company.The Important fact about Yellandu is the present coal mining company SCCL have its mines opened in this town first, and coal in this area is Identified in the time of British ruling, hence the names for the seams King, Queen etc., this town has got +100 years of History about coal mining, and produced good mining engineers too. Singareni is the railway station that caters Yellandu. So actually the name of this town was Singareni in the erstwhile Hyderabad state and hence the SCCL company was named after it. However later after the Hyderabad state was merged in India the name of the town was changed to Yellandu.
As of 2001[update] India census, Yellandu had a population of 42,417. Males constitute 50% of the population and females 50%. Yellandu has an average literacy rate of 70%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 78%, and female literacy is 62%. In Yellandu, 11% of the population is under 6 years of age.
Yellandu is one of the towns in Yellandu Mandal in Khammam District in Telangana State . Yellandu is Main Town for the Yellandu Mandal and also MandalHead. Yellandu is 45.8 km distant from its District Main City Khammam. It is 194 km away from its State Main City Hyderabad. Nearby villages are Rompaid (2 km), Sudimalla (7.1 km), Komararam (8.5 km), Kambalapalli (11.2 km), Usirikayalapalli (11.5 km). Nearest towns are Yellandu (5.7 km), Singareni (14.2 km), Bayyaram (21 km), Garla (22.4 km). Challa Samudram, Manikyaram, Marrigudem, Raghaboinagudem, Rompaid, and Sudimalla are the villages along with this village in the same Yellandu Mandal.
Yellandu Pin Codes are 507123,507124 and post office name is Yellandu. Other villages in Post Office (507123, Yellandu) are Usirikayalapalli, Bethampudi, Koyagudem, Sulanagar, Rompaid and Sudimalla. Bhuga vagu divides Yellandu which is started from Yellandula padu cheruvu it is a seasonal nallah, at present drainage water also discharged into this stream. yellandu town is heart of singareni coal mines from olden days surrounded with all the old and abandoned underground coal mines, coal deposits locked in that mines which are....strutt incline, Rompaid 1,2 inclines, old 21 incline,New Rompaid(Donga chintala area), 23 incline, 24 incline, 20 pit mine, Polampalli mine, Jawahar jkani 1, 2, 3 coal mines.some of the mine entries are also sene in the town at no. 2 Basthi, Manu kota busstand, Singareni High School premises, 21 pit areas, which are called as 'ANGAR BAI" for the purpose of ventilation in mines in the Britishers time. Zandala vagu, Kotilingala, Koragutta, Yellandu to Kothagudem bus route, mango gardens around the Yellandu are picnic spots with beautiful flora and fauna. BRITISHERS SAMADHI we can see at 24 area as a historical relating to Singareni mines in British era.
Yellandu is famous for festivals like Vinayaka Chavithi which was earlier celebrated more colorfully with ganesh pandals by marwadi samaj make them at district level, Diwali,Holi and Dussehra are major festivals a part from these are Sankranthi, Kotamaisamma Jaathara is one of the famous Jaathara's here. Bathukamma is also celebrated here during Dasara season.shavalu at jammi grounds in dussera.
There are both private and government schools in Yellandu. Most popular of them are :
- Singareni Collieries High School
Singareni Collieries High School popularly known as S.C.High School started in 1977 to provide good education for the children working for Singareni Collieries Coal Mines.
- The Government high school, famously known as JBS, established 50 years ago.
- The First Private school in Yellandu is YPHS(Yellandu Public High School)
- SSGV - Also known as Sri Saraswati Gurukula Vidyalayam
- Zilla Parishad secondary high school located at 21 pit.
- SRR Engineering College: Sri Raja Rajeshwari Engineering college, located in Karepalli, 6 km from the Yellandu town. This college offers B. Tech in Electronics and Communications, Electrical, IT, Computer Science and Mechanical streams. It also provides MBA Course works.
- Sree Kavitha Engineering College: This college is also located in Karepalli, 6 km from the Yellandu town. This college offers B. Tech in Electronics and Communications, Electrical, IT, Computer Science and Mechanical streams. It also provides MBA, MCA and M.Tech Course works.
One of the most interesting things about these colleges is that these two colleges will be opposite to each other and most competitive. But the students of both the colleges will be like of the same.
Telugu Desam Party Had Won The Assembly Seat In 2009 Elections, Abbaiah Vooke has Become the Member Of Legislative Assembly. Congress won Municipalicty Chairmanship.Apart from TDP and Congress CPIML(New Democarcy) and TRS are the Other leading parties in town with CPI(ML) having its birthplace and one and only MLA position in the Assembly of Andhra Pradesh in the past. sri.Gummadi Narsaiah garu elected several times as a MLA from yellandu be half of CPI ML (NEW DEMOCRACY), with his simplicity and easily available his presence to all when needed.and state mahila secretary congress party leader is katakam padmavathi
Yellandu is a place rich in spiritual organisations like Pyramid Spiritual Society, Gayatri parivar and Brahma Kumaris. It has numerous temples and kotamysamma jatara is a very big event which takes place during Dussera and with lot of crowds gathered.Apart from this Yellandu has two famous Darga Hazrath Khaseemdullah Darga sharif at No.2 Basthi and around 8 kilometer from Yellandu in the Forest one more very famous darga is situated, name Hazrath Nagulmeera Darga sharif. Sri Durga matha pooja especially in "Dasara navarathri utsavalu " at singareni coal mines is a traditional, highlighting the bhakti of singareni employees .
- Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Yellandu
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.