Yellow-fronted parrot

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Not to be confused with Yellow-faced parrot.
Yellow-fronted parrot
Poicephalus flavifrons -Ethiopia-6.jpg
Adult (above) and juvenile (below) on an island in Lake Tana, Ethiopia
Conservation status
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Psittaciformes
Superfamily: Psittacoidea
Family: Psittacidae
Subfamily: Psittacinae
Genus: Poicephalus
Species: P. flavifrons
Binomial name
Poicephalus flavifrons
(Rüppell, 1845)

The yellow-fronted parrot (Poicephalus flavifrons) is endemic to the Ethiopian Highlands.[1] It is a mostly green parrot with a yellow head. Relatively little is known about this bird.

Taxonomy[edit]

German naturalist Eduard Rüppell first described the yellow-fronted parrot in 1845. Its species name is derived from the Latin words flavus "yellow", and frons "forehead".[2] It is also known as the yellow-faced parrot. Most recent authorities treat it as monotypic,[3][4][5] but some recognized two slightly different subspecies, P. f. flavifrons and P. f. aurantiiceps.[6]

Description[edit]

The yellow-fronted parrot is about 28 centimetres (11 in) long and is mostly green with the upper parts being a darker green, the tail being olive-brown, and the legs a dark grey-brown. The face is orange-yellow. When two subspecies are recognized, the nominate is believed to have yellow to its head and face, while in P. f. suahelicus some of the yellow is replaced with orange.[6] The upper beak is brownish-grey and the lower beak is bone coloured, the irises are orange-red, and bare eye-rings and cere are grey. Male and female adults have identical external appearance. Juveniles are duller than the adults with a mostly grey head, brown irises, and only a small amount of yellow on the front of the face including on the forehead.[6]

Range[edit]

This parrot is endemic to the Ethiopian Highlands at about 1,000–3,000 metres (3,300–9,800 ft) above sea level.[6] When two subspecies are recognized, the nominate is found in the highlands around Lake Tana and also in central Ethiopia, and P. f. suahelicus is found in southwestern Ethiopia.[6] It lives in forest habitats, unlike most other Poicephalus parrots apart from the Cape and red-fronted parrot superspecies complex.[7]

Aviculture[edit]

The yellow-fronted parrot is unknown in aviculture.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b BirdLife International (2012). "Poicephalus flavifrons". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ Simpson DP (1979). Cassell's Latin Dictionary (5 ed.). London: Cassell Ltd. pp. 250, 256. ISBN 0-304-52257-0. 
  3. ^ "Zoological Nomenclature Resource: Psittaciformes (Version 9.023)". www.zoonomen.net. 2010-11-27. 
  4. ^ Dickinson, E. C. (editor) (2003). The Howard and Moore Complete Checklist of the Birds of the World. 3rd edition. ISBN 0-7136-6536-X
  5. ^ Clements, J. F. (2007). The Clements Checklist of the Birds of the World. 6th edition. ISBN 978-0-7136-8695-1
  6. ^ a b c d e Forshaw (2006). plate 67.
  7. ^ Massa, Renato; Sara, Maurizio; Piazza, Matteo; Di Gaetano, Cornelia; Randazzo, Margherita; Cognetti, Goffredo (2000). (fulltext) "A molecular approach to the taxonomy and biogeography of African parrots". Italian Journal of Zoology 67 (3): 313–17. doi:10.1080/11250000009356330. Retrieved 5 December 2010. 
  8. ^ Mattie Sue Athan, Dianalee Deter (2008). Guide to the Senegal Parrot and Its Family. Barron's Educational Series. p. 17. ISBN 0-7641-3886-3. Retrieved 5 December 2010. 

Cited texts[edit]