Yellow Ribbon Project

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The Yellow Ribbon Project (Chinese: 黄丝带计划) (Malay: Projek Riben Kuning) started in 2004, is a community initiative organised by the Community Action for Rehabilitation of Ex-offenders (CARE) Network in Singapore. Aimed at reintegrating ex-prisoners into society, the Yellow Ribbon Project advocates a second chance for ex-offenders and their families through concerted efforts.[1][2]

An advertisement from the Yellow Ribbon Project in its effort to advocate acceptance of ex-convict to the general public

Description[edit]

Every year, more than 9,000 ex-offenders in Singapore complete their sentences and are released from the various prisons and drug rehabilitation centres (DRCs). The Yellow Ribbon Project's objective is to raise awareness of the need to give second chances to ex-offenders and their families and inspire community action to support rehabilitation and reintegration of ex-offenders back into society.

The Yellow Ribbon Project is managed by the CARE Network. Members of the CARE Network include Singapore's Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA), Ministry of Social and Family Development (MSF), Singapore Prison Service (SPS), Singapore Corporation of Rehabilitative Enterprises (SCORE), National Council of Social Service (NCSS), Industrial & Services Co-operative Society Ltd (ISCOS), Singapore After-Care Association (SACA) and Singapore Anti-Narcotics Association (SANA).

The inspiration behind the Yellow Ribbon Project was taken from the 70s song, “Tie a yellow ribbon round the Ole Oak Tree”.

“I’m really still in prison and my love, She holds the key, a simple yellow ribbon’s what I need to set me free…”

Almost nine in 10 Singaporeans are able to identify the aims of the initiative according to a survey [3] conducted by the Yellow Ribbon Project organisers. Beyond awareness, the Yellow Ribbon Project also actively encourages employers [4] and volunteers to offer second chances to offenders who are willing to change for the better.

YRP Themes[edit]

Since its inception, YRP has set a different theme each year.

2004 Creating Awareness Help unlock the second prison
2005 Engaging the Community Give ex-offenders a second lease of life
2006 Engaging the Ex-offenders Widening the reach, deepening the message
2007 Giving Back Extending the reach, inspiring action in inmates and ex-offenders
2008 Beyond Just Words Going beyond awareness to action by actively engaging the community
2009 Giving Back Inmates and ex-offenders playing a role in society
2010 Coming Together, We Care Engaging the community for action to help ex-offenders reintegrate
2011 Little Gestures, Big Difference Encourage everyday gestures that signify acceptance of ex-offenders by the community
2012 Will Inspire inmates and ex-offenders to take charge of their own rehabilitation and contribute to the society
2013 Celebrating 10 years of Second Chances – The Road to Acceptance Stronger community engagement to empower Singaporeans with the opportunity to be part of the movement

History[edit]

2004-2008[edit]

The Yellow Ribbon Project was established in 2004 by the various CARE Network’s member agencies. Former President of Singapore, Mr S.R. Nathan officially launched the community engagement campaign at the Yellow Ribbon Project Charity Concert. A special album featuring songs performed by inmates was produced in commemoration of the inaugural Yellow Ribbon Project in 2004.

In 2005, the campaign introduced the Tie-A Yellow-Ribbon Walk which encouraged more Singaporeans to learn about the offenders’ journey of reintegration.

The Yellow Ribbon Concert, “New Hope, New Dreams”, was held in 2006 to launch the third edition of the community campaign. The concert featured celebrities performing alongside inmates and was broadcast on local television.

A series of events was held in 2007 to raise funds for the Yellow Ribbon Fund. The events included the Yellow Ribbon Culinary Competition, Yellow Ribbon Charity Gala Dinner, and the Yellow Ribbon Appreciation Dinner.

In 2008, 467 foreign delegates, government officials, academics, aftercare professionals and community partners attended the Yellow Ribbon Conference on “Aftercare: A Collaborative Approach”

2009-2012[edit]

The inaugural Yellow Ribbon Prison Run was launched on 6 September 2009, and saw the participation of more than 6,000 runners. A contingent of 80 reformed ex-offenders also participated in the Run.

The Yellow Ribbon Project was themed “Little Gestures, Big Difference” in 2011, and sought to engage more inmates and ex-offenders to step forward to share details of their reintegration journey and to give back to society.

The 2012 edition aimed to inspire inmates and ex-offenders to take charge of their own rehabilitation and continue to give back to society. This marked the first year that grassroots divisions were engaged to recruit more volunteers to render assistance to the families of inmates.

2013: 10th Anniversary[edit]

Since its inception in 2004, the Yellow Ribbon Project has attracted more than 380,000 members of the community to participate in its activities and 1,500 community partners to show their support to the cause through various initiatives. In a survey conducted by the organisers to measure community support, the Yellow Ribbon Project achieved 97% awareness.

Yellow Ribbon Events[edit]

Yellow Ribbon Prison Run (2009-2013)[edit]

One of the Yellow Ribbon Project’s signature annual event is the Yellow Ribbon Prison Run. The inaugural Yellow Ribbon Prison Run was first held in September 2009, which attracted 6,500 participants. Funds raised through the event go towards the Yellow Ribbon Fund to rehabilitation and reintegration programmes for ex-offenders and support programmes for their family members.

Local marathon icon, Madam Jenap, was involved in a personal 12-hour challenge to raise funds for ex-offenders in 2012. In 2013, a record 1,230 run participants came together to form a Giant Human Yellow Ribbon in celebration of 10 years of YRP. The formation was recorded in the Singapore Book of Records.

Yellow Ribbon Community Art Exhibition (2007-2013)[edit]

Yellow Ribbon Art Competition (2007-2011)[edit]

The Yellow Ribbon Community Art Exhibition provides a platform for inmates and ex-offenders to express their hopes and aspirations through art, showcase their artistic talents, foster closer family relationships and communicate with the community.

The Yellow Ribbon Community Art Exhibition was first held in 2007 at The Arts House. Out of the 73 pieces of artworks, ten were winning entries selected by Japanese artist Kon Saishu. The Yellow Ribbon Art Competition was also held from 2008 to 2011 and the artworks were also showcased at the Yellow Ribbon Community Art Exhibition. The exhibition was then held at the Singapore Botanic Gardens in 2008 and at the Singapore Art Museum from 2009 onwards. In 2012, the Yellow Ribbon Community Art Exhibition 2012 featured artwork by inmates from Changi Women’s Prison for the first time.

Celebrating Second Chances Awards Ceremony (2006, 2008, 2011 and 2013)[edit]

The first Celebrating Second Chances Awards Ceremony was held in 2006. As an encouragement for the continued commitment of those who have stayed crime- and drug-free, ex-offenders receive tokens of commendation at the biennial event. In conjunction with the Yellow Ribbon Project’s 10th anniversary, a new Celebrating Second Chances Award category was created to honour four organisations and two individuals. A commemorative book chronicling 10 years of YRP was also launched at the 2013 ceremony.

Yellow Ribbon Charity Golf Tournament (2008, 2010 and 2012)[edit]

The first Yellow Ribbon Charity Golf Tournament was held in November 2008. The second and third editions of the tournament were held in 2010 and 2012. The biennial event consisted of the golf tournament and an appreciation dinner for participants of the tournament, donors and sponsors of the Yellow Ribbon Fund. Proceeds raised through the event went towards the development and implementation of family support programmes to strengthen family ties of inmates and ex-offenders.

Yellow Ribbon Song Writing Competition (2006, 2010)[edit]

The Yellow Ribbon Song Writing Competition was organised as part of the Yellow Ribbon Project Creative Festival. The competition was conceptualised as part of the inmates’ rehabilitation programmes and is used as a platform for inmates and ex-offenders to express their hopes for acceptance.

Yellow Ribbon Concerts (2004, 2006 and 2008)[edit]

The first Yellow Ribbon Concert was held in October 2004 to mark the launch of the community campaign. Besides featuring local and foreign artistes, reforming offenders and ex-offenders also shared their experience of rehabilitation and reintegration through drama, song and dance. Local celebrities who participated in the concerts included Dick Lee, Shiek Haikel, Azrina Ahmad, Koh Chieng Mun, Mark Lee, Sharon Ismail, Jai, Nathan Hartono and Project Superstar Season 1 winners, Chen Wei Lian and Kelly Poon. Regional artistes including Taiwanese singers, Wakin Chau, B.A.D, Tension and Chinese singer Anson Hu have also participated in the various Yellow Ribbon Concerts.

Yellow Ribbon Culinary Programme[edit]

Yellow Ribbon Culinary Competition (2007)[edit]

The Yellow Ribbon Culinary Programme is organised by YRP to allow inmates an opportunity to improve their culinary skills through a certified training course to earn certificated qualification. The certifications seek to help increase inmates’ employability after their release. Graduation ceremonies were held in 2010 and 2012 to present inmate-graduates with the Certificate in Basic Culinary Skills Course, conducted by SHATEC Institutes.

Under the Yellow Ribbon Culinary Programme, the Yellow Ribbon Culinary Competition was first held in 2007 as part of the Yellow Ribbon Creative Festival which aims to give inmates the opportunity to acquire culinary skills. As part of the programme, teams comprising prison inmates learnt to create several dishes which was cooked and presented to their family members during the Tribute of Love event.

Yellow Ribbon Poetry-Writing and Story Telling Competition (2007)[edit]

The Yellow Ribbon Poetry-Writing and Story Telling Competition was held in 2006 and 2007. The poetry competition allows ex-offenders to express their thoughts and reflections through their self-penned poems. The 2006 competition saw the participation of 480 inmates and 20 of them were selected to recite their entry in front of their families.

Organised by CARE Network and the National Library Board, the 2007 competition saw the participation of 24 inmates who were asked to write on the theme of giving and how they hoped to contribute to their families and society.

Tie-A-Yellow-Ribbon Walk (2005 and 2007)[edit]

The inaugural Tie-A-Yellow-Ribbon Walk was held on 3 September 2005 and drew a crowd of 14,000. The second Tie-A-Yellow-Ribbon Walk was held in 2007 which saw more than 10,000 participants walking from Pasir Ris Town Park to the new Prison Link Centre. The event was graced by Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong.

Related Initiatives[edit]

  • Yellow Ribbon Fund

Established in June 2004, the Yellow Ribbon Fund (YRF) administers funding to the development and implementation of reintegration programmes for inmates and ex-offenders, as well as family support programmes to strengthen their family ties. These programmes are in line with the CARE Network’s vision to offer hope, confidence and opportunities for a new beginning.

YRF provides financial support for:

    • Rehabilitative and aftercare services to inmates
    • Rehabilitation and reintegration services for family members of inmates
    • Public awareness programmes

Programmes and Services supported by the YRF[edit]

Yellow Ribbon Emergency Fund

The Yellow Ribbon Emergency Fund provides financial support to needy ex-offenders to facilitate their reintegration into society and family. Ex-offenders and their families can receive immediate financial help from the Fund for food and transport, medical emergencies, as well as children and infant-care. The fund provides immediate support to families in need and money can be disbursed as quickly as within 24 hours.

Yellow Ribbon Fund STAR Bursary

The YRF STAR (Skills Training Assistance to Restart) Bursary, initiated in 2010, aims to provide financial support to ex-offenders for vocational and skills training. Recipients of the bursary receive full financial assistance for their course fees.

  • Community Outreach Programme

Formerly known as the Yellow Ribbon Community Outreach Project, the Yellow Ribbon Community Project is a grassroots-led project that provides support and assistance to the families of offenders. Trained grassroots volunteers will visit the families of newly admitted offenders and direct them to the appropriate channels for social assistance. Since September 2010, the YR-COP has expanded from an initial eight participating Group Representation Constituency (GRC) divisions to 56 divisions in 2013.

Over the years, more than 400 grassroots volunteers have undergone basic training (e.g. understanding ex-offenders and their families, conducting effective home visits, basic interviewing/case assessment) to equip themselves with the necessary knowledge and skills to reach out effectively to the families of offenders. A Yellow Ribbon Champion is nominated within each division to oversee and coordinate the YR-COP within the division

Partners[edit]

CARE Network[edit]

The Community Action for the Rehabilitation of Ex-offenders (CARE) Network was formed in May 2000 to facilitate the reintegration of ex-offenders into the community. Spearheaded by the Singapore Prison Service and SCORE, the CARE Network is the first formal structure in Singapore that brings together key Government and non-government agencies to promote aftercare support. CARE Network consists of eight member agencies, they are:

Singapore Anti-Narcotics Association (SANA)[edit]

SANA is a Voluntary Welfare Organisation set up in 1972 to work with the community and grassroots organisations to rein in the spread of drug and inhalant abuse and to work towards the vision of keeping Singapore drug-free. SANA is an approved charity with IPC status and cash donations to SANA are tax-exempt.

Singapore After-Care Association (SACA)[edit]

SACA was formed in 1956 and was registered as a charity in 1984. SACA is the key agency providing welfare and rehabilitation services for discharged offenders and their families. The association aims to assist ex-offenders and their families to cope with problems arising from the offending behaviour and the consequent incarceration. Such assistance would hopefully give these ex-offenders the chance to reintegrate into society successfully thereby reducing the chances of recidivism

Singapore Corporation of Rehabilitative Enterprises (SCORE)[edit]

SCORE was established in 1976. SCORE is a statutory board under the Ministry of Home Affairs. By providing the provision of rehabilitation and aftercare services to inmates and ex-offenders, SCORE plays an important role in the Singapore correctional system. SCORE seeks to enhance the employability of offenders and prepare them for their eventual reintegration into the national workforce by focusing on training, work, employment assistance and community engagement.

Singapore Prison Service (SPS)[edit]

SPS is an agency under the Ministry of Home Affairs. As a key member of the Home Team, SPS operates a secure prison system. SPS protects society through the safe custody and rehabilitation of offenders, cooperating with its partners in aftercare and prevention. The SPS is committed to realising its Captains of Lives vision. Its team of uniformed officers and civilian staff work together to realise its vision of steering offenders towards becoming responsible citizens with the help of their family and the community.

Industrial & Services Co-operative Society Ltd (ISCOS)[edit]

ISCOS is a social organisation that helps ex-offenders and their families make positive changes to reintegrate successfully into society. Established in 1989, it has over 13,000 members who have benefited from various employment and training programmes.

National Council of Social Service (NCSS)[edit]

Founded in 1958, the Singapore Council of Social Service leads and coordinates the social service sector in Singapore. The Council was renamed National Council of Social service in 1992. The NCSS works closely with voluntary welfare organisations to build organisational capabilities for better management and delivery of social service programmes.

Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA)[edit]

The Ministry of Home Affairs was set up in 1959 when Singapore attained self-government. After Singapore gained independence, MHA was part of the Ministry of Interior and Defence. In 1970, it was separated into two ministries, MHA and the Ministry of Defence. MHA is responsible for public safety, civil defence and immigration. The ministry is headed by Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Home Affairs, Mr Teo Chee Hean. MHA consists of seven departments:

  1. Central Narcotics Bureau (CNB)
  2. Home Team Academy (HTA)
  3. Immigration and Checkpoints Authority (ICA)
  4. Internal Security Department (ISD)
  5. Singapore Civil Defence Force (SCDF)
  6. Singapore Police Force (SPF)
  7. Singapore Prison Service (SPS)
Ministry of Social and Family Development (MSF)[edit]

Previously known as the Ministry of Community Development, Youth and Sports, the Ministry was officially restructured on 1 November 2012 to become the Ministry of Social and Family Development (MSF). MSF aims to bring a sharper focus to the Singapore Government’s work in the development of families, social services and social safety nets.

Impact of YRP[edit]

  • Recidivism rate

According to 2012 statistics from the Singapore Prison Service, the overall recidivism rate for 2010’s release cohort was at 23.6 per cent, representing a 3.1 percentage point decrease compared to that of the 2009 cohort.

  • Employment for ex-offenders

More than 500 employers registered with SCORE in 2012 to offer work opportunities to ex-offenders, contributing to a tally of 3,457 employers under SCORE’s employer database. This has further enabled more than 1,700 inmates to secure gainful employment prior to their release in 2012.

  • Overseas adoption of YRP
Fiji

The introduction of the Singapore-conceived Yellow Ribbon Project in Fiji in 2008 introduced programmes specifically aimed at shifting the general public’s perception of inmates and ex-offenders. In October 2008, Fiji officially launched their Yellow Ribbon Campaign after attending the Yellow Ribbon Walk in 2007. The Fiji YRP campaign aimed to shift the general public’s perception of inmate and ex-offenders. In 2012, the campaign reported a rise in corporate support.

Nigeria

In 2008, Prison Fellowship Nigeria started a similar campaign called the Green Ribbon Campaign. The Nigeria Green Ribbon campaign aims to reduce crime through the provision of a constructive moral environment for returning ex-prisoners back to society and meaningful socio-economic reintegration. The campaign, similar to YRP, also reaches out to public and volunteers to raise awareness for the cause.

United States of America

American Eric Schulzke began the Apollo 13 Project which develops necessary ground support to help prisoners return to society after their release. Schulze was inspired by YRP’s vision of uniting custodians, ex-offenders, employers and society to change the public perception of ex-offenders.

Australia

Inspired by the Yellow Ribbon Projects organised in Singapore and Fiji, Australia celebrates Second Chance Day: YRP Australia every 1 May. The initiative was launched in 2011 and aims to engage the community in accepting former female inmates and their families.

Philippines

A team from BuCor LOVE Foundation Inc. attended YRP activities in Singapore in 2008. The team partners the Bureau of Corrections in Manila to conduct similar YRP activities such as the first Philippine Prison Run. Yellow Ribbon packs were also given to participants at the event.

See also[edit]

Yellow Ribbon

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Yellow Ribbon Project". Retrieved on 9 August 2009
  2. ^ Steve Butcher, 28 November 2005. "Birth of a badge for mercy". The Age, Retrieved on 9 August 2009
  3. ^ Khushwant Singh, 11 September 2008. "More bosses offer jobs to ex-cons". The Straits Times, Retrieved on 19 October 2013
  4. ^ Ng Puay Leng, 4 March 2012. "More willing to hire ex-offenders". Channel NewsAsia, Retrieved on 19 October 2013