Annamemys groeliovskiae Battersby, 1960 (ex errore)
Mauremys mutica McDowell, 1964
Mauremys muica Zhou & Zhou, 1991 (ex errore)
Mauremys grochovskiae Iverson & McCord, 1994
Mauremys mutica mutica Yasukawa, Ota & Iverson, 1996
Cathaiemys mutica mutica Vetter, 2006
Mauremys mutica kami
Mauremys mutica kami Yasukawa, Ota & Iverson, 1996
Mauremys mutica karni Ferri, 2002 (ex errore)
Cathaiemys mutica kami Vetter, 2006
The yellow pond turtle (Mauremys mutica), is a species of turtle in the familyGeoemydidae (formerly Bataguridae) found in China (Anhui, Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Fujian, Guangdong, Hainan, Guangxi, Yunnan etc.), Japan (introduced widely, and naturally in the Ryukyu archipelago), Taiwan, and northern and central Vietnam, and possibly adjacent Laos.
It is a parent of several hybrid Asian pond turtles that were described as new species. "Fujian pond turtles" ("Mauremys" iversoni) are hybrid specimens mainly produced in Chinese turtle farms, but possibly occasionally occurring in the wild as well, usually from matings between female Asian yellow pond turtles and golden coin turtles (Cuora trifasciata) males. The supposed "Mauremys" pritchardi turtles are wild and captive-bred hybrids between the present species and the Chinese pond turtle (Chinemys reevesi).
Recent genetic studies have shown that further subspecies might exist, especially in Vietnam and on Hainan.
These turtles are being threatened by unsustainable hunting for food and as pets; they are regularly available in Asian markets. Also, they are killed for use in folk medicine. The IUCN considers M. mutica an endangered species.
Buskirk, James R.; Parham, James F. & Feldman, Chris R. (2005): On the hybridisation between two distantly related Asian turtles (Testudines: Sacalia × Mauremys). Salamandra41: 21-26. PDF fulltext
da Nóbrega Alves, Rômulo Romeu; da Silva Vieira; Washington Luiz & Gomes Santana, Gindomar (2008): Reptiles used in traditional folk medicine: conservation implications. Biodiversity and Conservation17(8): 2037–2049. doi:10.1007/s10531-007-9305-0 (HTML abstract, PDF first page)
Parham, James Ford; Simison, W. Brian; Kozak, Kenneth H.; Feldman, Chris R. & Shi, Haitao (2001): New Chinese turtles: endangered or invalid? A reassessment of two species using mitochondrial DNA, allozyme electrophoresis and known-locality specimens. Animal Conservation4(4): 357–367. PDF fulltextErratum:Animal Conservation5(1): 86 HTML abstract