|Founded||1994 (vehicle production)|
|Headquarters||Chengdu, Sichuan, People's Republic of China|
|Sichuan Automobile Industry Co., Ltd.|
|Literal meaning||wild horse|
Sichuan (Yema) Automobile Industry Co., Ltd. is a Chinese automobile manufacturer which has built buses, SUVs, and automobiles under the Yema brand since 1994. The company was founded in the 1980s. They are located in Chengdu, Sichuan province. They started with building SUVs and 5-passenger pickup trucks between 1994 and 2001. Production then halted but recommenced in December 2004 (when 462 vehicles were built), when buses and SUVs were produced. Their main product at the time was the SQJ 6470A, an SUV of Isuzu origins, equipped with a proprietary 2.2 litre petrol engine. The Sichuan Group's buses are sold under the "Jinding" brand, while minivans are marketed with "Bailu" badging.
The tooling and rights to the Austin Maestro and Montego were passed to Yema in 2008, after having been built by Etsong (since 2000) and then by First Automobile Works since 2003. Yema commenced manufacturing the Maestro Van (with the longer Montego front end) as the SQJ 6450. Rather than the 1,342 cc Toyota 8A-FE engine fitted in the Etsong version, Yema uses their own version of the 1.5 liter Toyota 5A engine (CQ4C15) with 91 PS (67 kW). This is built by a Sichuan Group subsidiary in Mianyang. There is also a four-seater version called the SQJ 6450N.
Later the SQJ 6451 was introduced, a two-wheel drive wagon with SUV style. This reskinned Maestro bears an uncanny resemblance to the first generation Subaru Forester, and is currently marketed as the "Yema F99". A longer version with a 2-liter engine was also shown, as the SQJ 6480/6485 Estate and Estate SUV, but is not currently (2013) shown on the company website. Further facelifts of the F99 have also happened, with two modernized versions sold as the F10 and F12. Yema also refers to this family of light SUVs as "Mustang". The F99 is also available with a continuously variable transmission. The F12 was introduced in 2012 and retains the 1.5 liter engine and 2,515 mm (99.0 in) wheelbase of the other Mustang models. Power is now up to 95 PS (70 kW).
- SQJ 6451/F99 (Subaru Forester lookalike)
- F12 (Subaru Forester + Kia front end)
- SQJ 6480 Estate (prototype only?)
- SQJ 6485 Estate SUV (prototype only?)
- SQJ 6450/6450N (Maestro Van)
- SQJ 6470
- Mazur, Eligiusz, ed. (2006). World of Cars 2006·2007. Warsaw, Poland: Media Connection Sp. z o.o. p. 239. ISSN 1734-2945.
- "Yema auto". Sichuan Auto Industry Group Co., Ltd. Retrieved 2013-01-27.
- Van Ingen Schenau, Erik (2009-06-29). "China Watch: Yema’s Maestro vans are on life support…". AROnline: Made in Britain. Austin-rover.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-01-26.
- Boucke, Alexander (2011-10-02). "Yema SQJ6450". AROnline: Made in Britain. Austin-rover.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-01-26.
- Adams, Keith (2011-10-02). "News: Yema F12 takes Maestro platform further". AROnline: Made in Britain. Austin-rover.co.uk. Retrieved 2013-01-26.