Yemen Eyalet

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Eyalet-i Yemen
Eyalet of the Ottoman Empire

1517–1636
1849–1872

 

Location of Yemen Eyalet
Yemen Eyalet in 1609
Capital Mokha[1]
History
 -  Established 1517
 -  Disestablished 1872
Today part of  Saudi Arabia
 Yemen

The Yemen Eyalet[2] (Ottoman Turkish: ایالت یمن, Eyālet-i Yemen)[3] was an eyalet (province) of the Ottoman Empire. In 1872, most of it became Yemen Vilayet after a land reform in the empire.

History[edit]

In 1516, the Mamluks of Egypt annexed Yemen; but in the following year, the Mamluk governor surrendered to the Ottomans, and Turkish armies subsequently overran the country. They were challenged by the Zaidi Imam, Qasim the Great (r.1597–1620), and by 1636, the Zaydi tribesmen had driven the Ottomans out of the country completely.[4]

Governors[edit]

Governors of the eyalet in the 19th century:[5]

Administrative divisions[edit]

Sanjaks of the Eyalet in the mid-19th century:[2]

  1. Sanjak of Mokha
  2. Sanjak of Eharish (Abu `Arish?)
  3. Sanjak of Massu

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Almanach de Gotha. Annuaire diplomatique et statistique pour l'aneé 1867. p. 829.
  2. ^ a b Skene, James Henry (1851). The three eras of Ottoman history, a political essay on the late reforms of Turkey. Chapman and Hall. p. 76. Retrieved 2013-02-25. 
  3. ^ "Some Provinces of the Ottoman Empire". Geonames.de. Retrieved 25 February 2013. 
  4. ^ Gabor Agoston; Bruce Alan Masters (2009). Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire. Infobase Publishing. p. 603. ISBN 978-1-4381-1025-7. Retrieved 2013-02-25. 
  5. ^ World Statesmen — Yemen