|Eyalet of the Ottoman Empire|
|Today part of|| Saudi Arabia
In 1516, the Mamluks of Egypt annexed Yemen; but in the following year, the Mamluk governor surrendered to the Ottomans, and Turkish armies subsequently overran the country. They were challenged by the Zaidi Imam, Qasim the Great (r.1597–1620), and by 1636, the Zaydi tribesmen had driven the Ottomans out of the country completely.
From then until the 19th century, the Ottomans retained control only of isolated coastal areas, while the highlands generally were ruled by the Zaidi Imams. In the 1830s, aided by the collapse of the Zaidi Imamate due to internal division and the adoption of modern weaponry after the Crimean War, the Ottomans regained control of northern Yemen. It was then created as a sanjak of the Eyalet of Habesh, until it was established as an eyalet of its own in circa 1849.
Governors of the eyalet in the 19th century:
- Mustafa Sabri Pasha (May 1850 - March 1851)
- Mehmed Sirri Pasha (March 1851 - October 1851)
- Bonaparta Mustafa Pasha (October 1851 - May 1852)
- Kürt Mehmed Pasha (May 1852 - May 1856)
- Babanli Ahmed Pasha (1st time) (May 1856 - December 1862)
- Musullu Ali Yaver Pasha (December 1862 - August 1864)
- Babanli Ahmed Pasha (August 1864 - February 1867)
- Tacirli Ahmed Pasha (February 1867 - March 1869)
- Halepli Ali Pasha (March 1869 - May 1871)
- Topal Bursali Mehmed Redif Pasha (May 1871 - August 1871)
Sanjaks of the Eyalet in the mid-19th century:
- Almanach de Gotha. Annuaire diplomatique et statistique pour l'aneé 1867. p. 829.
- Skene, James Henry (1851). The three eras of Ottoman history, a political essay on the late reforms of Turkey. Chapman and Hall. p. 76. Retrieved 2013-02-25.
- "Some Provinces of the Ottoman Empire". Geonames.de. Retrieved 25 February 2013.
- Gabor Agoston; Bruce Alan Masters (2009). Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire. Infobase Publishing. p. 603. ISBN 978-1-4381-1025-7. Retrieved 2013-02-25.
- A. Viquesnel (1868). Voyage dans la Turquie d'Europe: description physique et géologique de la Thrace. Bertrand. p. 148. Retrieved 2013-06-01.
- World Statesmen — Yemen
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