Yemeni Air Force
|This article is outdated. (March 2015)|
|Yemeni Air Force|
Emblem of the Yemeni Air Force
|Active||1990 - present|
|Colors||Red, White, and Black|
Al-Qaeda insurgency in Yemen
|Air Force Ensign|
|Trainer||Aero L-39 Albatros
Zlin Z 142
The Yemeni Air Force (Arabic: القوات الجوية اليمنية; transliterated: al-Quwwat al-Jawwiya al-Yamaniya) is the air operations branch of the Yemeni Armed Forces. It is equipped with both eastern and western types of aircraft. Numbers of aircraft can not be confirmed but servicibility of these aircraft is low. Aircraft have been acquired by donations from other countries or either supporting both the Soviet Union or the United States during the Cold War. However, most of the air force was destroyed by airstrikes conducted by a coalition of Arab states during the 2015 military intervention in Yemen.
North and South Yemen
The Yemen Air Force, known as al-Quwwat al-Jawwiya al-Yamaniya, was established in 1926. During the mid-1950s, the Imam of Yemen established a private fleet that was run by the military. Later, the Soviets delivered MiG-15 and MiG-17 fighters, followed by MiG-21s to the South Yemen Air Force. The northern Yemen Arab Republic (YAR) had ties with Western-oriented countries, and they supported a new air force. In the 1970s, Saudi Arabia donated F-5E and F-5B fighters, and two Lockheed C-130H Hercules transport aircraft. The Yemen Arab Republic Air Force (YARAF) aircraft markings are the basis of the current roundel and flag, which come from the North Yemen's support of the United Arab Republic between 1958 and 1961.
The South Arabian Air Force (as an air corps of the Federation of South Arabia under British protection) was supported by the British and received BAC Strikemaster Mk 81s, De Havilland Canada DHC-2 Beavers, Jet Provost Mk52As and Bell 47G helicopters. The PRSY/PDRY AF (as an air corps of the independent Southern Yemen after Nov. 1967) aircraft markings were a light blue triangle with a dark outer part and a red star in the center while the fin-flash consisted of a flag in the national tricolour with a blue triangle bearing a red star. This was used as the fin-flash until the unification of Yemen in 1990.
Unified Air Force
The Yemeni air force was created in conjunction with the unification of southern - and northern Yemen in 1990. Many of the aircraft used by Yemen are from South Yemen and only a small percentage from North Yemen due to the fact that South Yemen was an ally of the Soviet Union during the Cold War and the Soviets supplied them with military hardware. After the fall of the Soviet Union, South Yemen stopped receiving Soviet made fighters. Yemen has used fighters and bombers, mainly in the 1994 civil war to bomb the city of Aden. There were also reports of the use English Electric Lightning fighters in the North Yemen Civil War. They were used by Saudi Arabia since Yemen never owned any Lightnings.
The first MiG-29SMT was delivered in October 2004. Two MiG-29UBs are possibly also modified to SMT-standard as MiG-29UBT. A second batch of 6 MiG-29SMTs and 2 MiG-29UBTs was ordered in 2003 and delivered in 2004-05. The MiG-29s are armed with R-27 (AA-10 Alamo), R-73 (AA-11 Archer) and R-77 (AA-12 Adder) air-to-air missiles, as well as Kh-29 (AS-14 Kedge) air-to-surface missiles. In the first quarter of 2007 another 34 MiG-29SMTs were ordered from Russia. They are used for air defence alongside the antiquated Northrop F-5B/E/F, the MiG-21 and Sukhoi Su-20/-22s. Ukraine delivered 21 second-hand MiG-21bis and 12 Su-22s in the period 2005-07. Yemen plans to buy more MiG-29s from Russia.
War in Sadah
Yemeni Air Force has been used extensively in the Sadah War. The Yemeni Air Force has been proven effective destroying enemy positions and buildings. Most enemy casualties were attributed to air raids. A number of accidents have occurred, including one in which a fighter plane accidentally fired a missile and killed more than 80 civilians. During Operation Scorched Earth on 2 and 5 October and on 8 November 2009, three fighter jets reported as a MiG-21, a Su-22 and another Sukhoi-type of aircraft respectively crashed during military missions. The government claimed the crashes were due to technical malfunctions, while the rebels claimed they shot them down with MANPADS.
War on Terror
As part of the Yemeni al-Qaeda crackdown, the Yemeni Air Force have launched air raids on terrorist bases throughout Yemen to kill important terrorist leaders. The raids were confronted with antiaircraft fire.
2011 Yemeni uprising
The Yemeni Air Force performed air strikes against opposition forces to the Saleh government during the 2011 Yemeni uprising. On 28 September 2011, a Su-22 was shot down during a bombing mission north of Sanaa by rebel soldiers using a MANPAD. The pilot ejected and was captured.
On 30 October, the al-Daylami air base near Sanaa was attacked by uprising forces. Different official sources reported two or three fighter jets destroyed on the ground either by mortar shells or with planted explosive charges. The aircraft were loaded with ammunition and combat ready for strikes on the next day. Among the destroyed aircraft it was reported at least one MiG-29.
|Antonov An-12||Soviet Union||tactical transport||An-12BP||1|
|Antonov An-24||Soviet Union||tactical transport||An-24RV||6|
|Antonov An-26||Soviet Union||tactical transport||An-26||6|
|Yakovlev Yak-40||Soviet Union||tactical transport||2|
|Aero L-39 Albatros||Czechoslovakia||jet training/light attack||L-39C||12|
|Agusta-Bell AB212 Twin Huey||Italy||utility||AB212||5|
|Ilyushin Il-76||Soviet Union||transport||3|
|Mil Mi-17||Soviet Union||transport||Mi-17
|Lockheed C-130 Hercules||United States||tactical transport||C-130H||3|
|Mil Mi-8||Soviet Union||transport/attack||Mi-8T||10|
|Mil Mi-14||Soviet Union||transport/anti-submarine||2|
|Mil Mi-24||Soviet Union||attack||Mi-24D
|Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21||Soviet Union||fighter||MiG-21bis/MF
|Mikoyan MiG-29||Russia||multirole fighter||MiG-29SMT
|Northrop F-5||United States||fighter/advanced trainer||F-5E
|Sukhoi Su-22||Soviet Union||ground attack||Su-22M-2
|30 in service
3 in service
|Yakovlev Yak-11||Soviet Union||trainer||14|
|Zlin Z 142||Czechoslovakia||trainer||Z 142||12|
|Cessna 208 Caravan||United States||reconnaissance||2||Can be armed with AGM-114 Hellfire missiles|
|Beechcraft Super King Air||United States||surveillance||Airking-350ER||4|||
|Boeing Insitu ScanEagle||United States||recon UAV||12||9 equipped for day, 3 equipped for night|
Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen Air Force roundel (until 1962)
Yemen Arab Republic Air Force roundel (1962–1990)
South Yemen Air Force roundel (1967–1990)
- "MiG-29 Fulcrum Fighter Bomber - Airforce Technology". Retrieved 24 January 2015.
- "MiG Takes a Heading to Yemen". Retrieved 24 January 2015.
- "Trade Registers". Retrieved 24 January 2015.
- MiG-29SMTs to Yemen, Aviapedia (5-9-2006)
- "Yemen plans to buy more MiG-29 fighters from Russia". 26 February 2009. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
- "BBC NEWS - Middle East - Yemen rebels 'down fighter jet'". Retrieved 24 January 2015.
- "BBC News - Yemen 'bombs house of suspected al-Qaeda militant'". Retrieved 24 January 2015.
- "Yemen rebels 'shoot down' government jet fighter". 28 September 2011. Retrieved 24 January 2015.
- "Press Room". Retrieved 24 January 2015.
- Yemen; AF incepts C208 Caravan reconnaissance aircraft - Dmilt.com, 26 September 2013
- Yemen; US delivers 4 Air King 350 ISR aircraft - Dmilt.com, 5 June 2014
- Yemen; ScanEagle UAV order - Dmilt.com, 8 October 2014
- John Pike. "Yemen Air Force". Retrieved 24 January 2015.