Yemeni parliamentary election, 1997
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politics and government of
The 1997 Yemeni parliamentary elections took place on 27 April 1997 for the Assembly of Representatives of Yemen. The governing General People's Congress of President Ali Abdullah Saleh won a landslide victory in the elections. Voter turnout was 61.0%.
Voters and candidates
Of the 16 million people in Yemen about 4.6 million were registered to vote with about a quarter of them being women. However only about 2.6 million people received their voting cards.
Over 2,300 candidates, from 12 parties, competed for the 301 seats in the Parliament of Yemen. Most candidates were independents, however many of these were backed by either the General People's Congress or Islah parties. There were 19 female candidates. Each party or independent candidate had their own logo such as an owl or horse for the ballot paper to help illiterate voters.
Several opposition parties including the Yemeni Socialist Party boycotted the election alleging that the government had harassed and arrested their party workers. The main opposition party, Islah, attacked the government for not carrying out economic reforms and for corruption. There were few disagreements over policy between the parties.
|General People's Congress||1,175,343||43.1||187||+55|
|Nasserite Unionist People's Organisation||55,438||2.3||3||+2|
|Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party||20,409||0.7||2||–6|
|National Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party||10,134||0.4||0||New|
|Democratic Nasserist Party||9,601||0.4||0||–1|
|Party of Truth||5,587||0.2||0||–2|
|Nasserist Reform Organisation||2,755||0.1||0||0|
|League of Sons of Yemen||930||0.0||0||0|
|Source: Nohlen et al.|
In two districts, Hajjah and Dhamar the results were cancelled due to irregularities. International monitors described the elections as being 'reasonably free and fair' and 'a positive step in the democratic development of Yemen'.
- Nohlen, D, Grotz, F & Hartmann, C (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume I, p304 ISBN 0-19-924958-X
- "Yemen's ruling party proclaims victory amid claims of fraud". The Indian Express. 1997-05-02. Retrieved 2008-01-10.
- "Yemen Holds Vote; First Since '94 Strife". The New York Times. 1997-04-28. Retrieved 2008-01-10.
- "Doves and eagles fight for votes: Yemen prepares for elections". The Guardian. 1997-04-24. Retrieved 2008-01-10.
- "Yemen Leader's Party Dominates Elections". The New York Times. 1997-05-08. Retrieved 2008-01-10.
- "Peek behind screen of Yemen's paranoid poll". The Guardian. 1997-05-03. Retrieved 2008-01-10.
- "State of the parties, 1997 election". Yemen gateway. Retrieved 2008-01-10.