Yemeni parliamentary election, 2003

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Yemeni parliamentary election, 2003
1997 ←
27 April 2003 → Next

All 301 seats to the House of Representatives
151 seats needed for a majority
Turnout 76%
  First party Second party
  President Ali Abdullah Saleh.jpg Sheikh sadiq al-ahmar.jpg
Leader Ali Abdullah Saleh Sadiq al-Ahmar
Party GPC Al-Islah
Last election 187 53
Seats before 187 53
Seats won 238 46
Seat change Increase51 Decrease7
Popular vote 3,429,888 1,333,394
Percentage 58% 22.6%
Swing Increase14.9% Decrease0.8%
Emblem of Yemen.svg
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Parliamentary elections were held in Yemen on 27 April, 2003. Originally scheduled for 2001, they were won by President Ali Abdullah Saleh's General People's Congress, who took 58% of the vote. As a result, the party dominated the parliament, holding 238 of the 301 seats.

The election[edit]

Nineteen parties fielded a total of 991 candidates for the 301 parliamentary seats, in addition to 405 Independent candidates. Over eight million Yemeni citizens were registered to vote, with the number of registered women voters almost doubling since 1997 (3.4 million compared to 1.8 million).

Although the election was deemed to be more free and fair than in previous years, there were still concerns about the conduct of the vote. The National Democratic Institute noted that:

The atmosphere of anxiety in the run-up to the elections caused by fears of violence, as well as heavy-handed and coercive measures on and after election day by elements of the ruling GPC in many polling stations across the country are troubling. There were credible reports of election law violations including political intimidation, underage voting, improper behavior by security forces, vote buying and obstruction by ruling party counting commissioners. [1]


The General People's Congress initially won 230 seats, and were immediately joined by several independents. Despite the increase in the number of women voters, only one woman was elected, down from two in the 1997 elections.

e • d Summary of the 27 April 2003 Yemen Assembly of Representatives election results
Parties Votes % Seats
General People's Congress (al-Mu'tammar al-Sha'bi al-'Am) 3,429,888 58.0 238
Yemeni Congregation for Reform (al-Tajmu al-Yamani li al-Islah) 1,333,394 22.6 46
Yemen Socialist Party (Hizb al-Ishtirakiya al-Yamaniya) 277,223 3.8 8
Nasserite Unionist People's Organisation (al-Tantheem al-Wahdawi al-Sha'bi al-Nasseri) 109,480 1.9 3
Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party (Hizb al Baath al'Arabi al Ishtiraki) 40,377 0.7 2
National Arab Socialist Ba'ath Party (Hizb Al-Ba'ath Al-Arabi Al-Ishtiraki Al-Qawmi) 23,745 0.4 0
Nasserite Popular Correctional Movement (al-Tashih al-Shabi al-Nasiri) 15,257 0.25 0
Yemeni Union of Popular Forces (Ittihad al-Qiwa al-Shabiyya) 11,967 0.2 0
Democratic Nasserite Party (al-Hizb al-Dimuqrati al-Nasiri) 9,829 0.16 0
Democratic National Front (al-Jabha al-Wataniya al-Dimuqratiyya) 7,056 0.12 0
Social Nationalist Party (Hizb al-Qawmi al-Ijtimai) 5,349 0.09 0
al-Haqq Party (Hizb al-Haqq) 4,585 0.08 0
People's Democratic Party (Hizb al-Shab al-Dimuqrati) 4,077 0.07 0
Democratic Union of Popular Forces (al-Ittihad al-Dimuqrati) 3,003 0.05 0
Social Green Party (Hizb al-Khudr al-Ijtimai) 2,276 0.04 0
Popular Unity Party (Hizb al-Wahda al-Shabiyya) 1,739 0.03 0
Yemeni League Party (Al Rabita al-Yamaniyya al-Shariyya) 1,383 0.02 0
Liberation Front Party (Hizb Jabhat al-Tahrir) 1,282 0.02 0
Popular Unionist Liberation Party (Hizb al-Tahrir al-Shabi al-Wahdawi) 1,241 0.02 0
Yemeni Unionist Gathering (al-Tajammu al-Wahdawi al-Yamani) 483 0.01 0
Democratic September Organization (al-Tanzim al-Sebtembri) 81 0.001 0
Non-partisans - . 4
Total (turnout 76.0%) 5,912,302 100.0 301
Source: A number of candidates elected as non-partisans joined MSA or Islah. Other sources give a different division of seats. Also list of results and parties here and here.