Parliamentary elections were held in Yemen on 27 April, 2003. Originally scheduled for 2001, they were won by President Ali Abdullah Saleh's General People's Congress, who took 58% of the vote. As a result, the party dominated the parliament, holding 238 of the 301 seats.
Nineteen parties fielded a total of 991 candidates for the 301 parliamentary seats, in addition to 405 Independent candidates. Over eight million Yemeni citizens were registered to vote, with the number of registered women voters almost doubling since 1997 (3.4 million compared to 1.8 million).
Although the election was deemed to be more free and fair than in previous years, there were still concerns about the conduct of the vote. The National Democratic Institute noted that:
The atmosphere of anxiety in the run-up to the elections caused by fears of violence, as well as heavy-handed and coercive measures on and after election day by elements of the ruling GPC in many polling stations across the country are troubling. There were credible reports of election law violations including political intimidation, underage voting, improper behavior by security forces, vote buying and obstruction by ruling party counting commissioners.
The General People's Congress initially won 230 seats, and were immediately joined by several independents. Despite the increase in the number of women voters, only one woman was elected, down from two in the 1997 elections.