Yeongjo of Joseon
|King of Joseon|
|Reign||16 October 1724 – 22 April 1776|
|Born||31 October 1694|
|Birthplace||Changdeok Palace, Korea|
|Died||22 April 1776(aged 81)|
|Place of death||Gyeonghui Palace, Korea|
|Buried||Wonneung, Guri, Gyeonggi|
|Predecessor||Gyeongjong of Joseon|
|Successor||Jeongjo of Joseon|
|Royal House||House of Yi|
|Father||King Sukjong of Joseon|
|Mother||Royal Noble Consort Suk of the Haeju Choi clan|
|Revised Romanization||I Geum|
Yeongjo (31 October 1694 – 22 April 1776, r. 16 October 1724 – 22 April 1776) was the twenty-first king of the Korean Joseon Dynasty. He was the second son of Sukjong by Royal Noble Consort Suk of the Haeju Choi clan, succeeded his older brother Gyeongjong.
King Yeongjo was a deeply Confucian monarch, and is said to have had a greater knowledge of the classics than his officials. During the reign of Yeongjo and his grandson Jeongjo, Confucianization was at its height, as was economic recovery from the wars of the late sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries.
The king is also famous for having treasured Park Mun-su, who was appointed as Amhaeng-eosa (암행어사) or a secret governmental inspector. Park, who had earned great merit in putting down Yi In-ja's rebellion, went around the nation arresting corrupt local officers in the name of the king.
The only significantly dismal incident during Yeongjo's reign was the death of his son, Crown Prince Sado. Sado most likely suffered from mental illness. He was accused of randomly killing people in the palace and being a sexual deviant. Yeongjo could not by court rules kill his son by his own hand and on a hot August day in 1762, Sado was ordered to climb into a large wooden rice chest. After eight days, Sado died of suffocation.
Fourteen years later Yeongjo died, and Sado's son, Jeongjo, became king. The early part of his years were marked by political intrigues and fear of court officials that were afraid of Jeongjo taking revenge on them for petitioning the punishment that caused the death of his father, Crown Prince Sado. Yeongjo was buried in the dynastic tombs at Donggureung.
Yeongjo was the first to take action against Roman Catholic activities in the country. By the 18th century, Catholicism was beginning to acquire a following especially in the Gangwon and Hwanghae provinces. In 1758, Yeongjo officially outlawed Catholicism as an evil practice.
He is buried with his second wife at the royal tomb of Wonneung (원릉, 元陵) in the city of Guri.
- Queen Jeongseong of the Dalsung Seo clan (정성왕후 서씨, 7 December 1692 – 15 February 1757)
- Queen Jeongsun of the Gyeongju Kim clan (정순왕후 김씨, 10 November 1745 – 12 January 1805)
- Royal Noble Consort Jeong of the Lee clan (정빈 이씨)
- Royal Noble Consort Yeong of the Lee clan (영빈 이씨, 1696 – 23 August 1764)
- Jo Gwi-in (귀인 조씨)
- Moon Suk-ui (숙의 문씨)
- Crown Prince Hyojang (효장세자, 1719–1728), Only Son of Royal Noble Consort Jeong of the Lee clan.
- Crown Prince Sado (사도세자, 1735–1762), Only Son of Royal Noble Consort Yeong of the Lee clan.
- A Daughter of Royal Noble Consort Jeong of the Lee clan.
- Princess Hwasoon (화순옹주) — 2nd Daughter of Royal Noble Consort Jeong of the Lee clan.
- Princess Hwapyeong (화평옹주, 1727–1748) — 1st Daughter of Royal Noble Consort Yeong of the Lee clan.
- Princess Hwahyeop (화협옹주, 1733–1752) – 2nd Daughter of Royal Noble Consort Yeong of the Lee clan.
- Princess Hwawan (화완옹주, 1737–1808) — 3rd Daughter of Royal Noble Consort Yeong of the Lee clan.
- Princess Hwayoo (화유옹주, 1741–1771) — Only Daughter of Jo Gwi-in.
- Princess Hwaryeong (화령옹주, 1752–1821) — 1st Daughter of Moon Suk-ui.
- Princess Hwagil (화길옹주, 1754–1772) — 2nd Daughter of Moon Suk-ui.
His full posthumous name 
- King Yeongjo Jangsun Jihaeng Sundeok Yeongmo Uiryeol Jang-ui Hong-yun Gwang-in Donhui Checheon Geon-geuk Seonggong Sinhwa Daeseong Gwang-un Gaetae Giyeong Yomyeong Suncheol Geon-geon Gonyeong Baemyeong Sutong Gyeongnyeok Honghyu Junghwa Yungdo Sukjang Changhun Jeongmun Seonmu Huigyeong Hyeonhyo the Great of Korea
- The Memoirs of Lady Hyegyeong (한중록, 閑中錄)
- Daughter of Seo Jong-je (서종제) and Lady Lee.
- She was given the tile "Princess Consort" (군부인) before she was given the title "Queen".
- Daughter of Kim Han-gu (김한구) and Lady Won.
- Daughter of Lee Yoo-beon (이유번) and Lady Kim.
- Also known as Lady Seonhui.
- Afterwards was known as "Deposed Moon Suk-ui" (폐숙의 문씨).
- He is given the title "Jinjong" (진종)
- He is given the posthumous title "Jangjo" (장조).
- Died at childbirth.
See also 
|Rulers of Korea