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Yesha (Hebrew: יש"ע) is a Hebrew acronym for "Judea, Samaria Gaza" (Hebrew: יהודה שומרון עזה, "Yehuda Shomron 'Azza", also known as the West Bank and Gaza Strip), and is one of a number of terms used to describe the areas military occupied by Israel after the Six-Day War of June 1967. Other acronyms used by Israelis even prior to the tabling of Israel's disengagement plan to refer to the West Bank only, are Shai (ש"י Shomron VeYehuda - Samaria and Judea), and Ayosh (איו"ש Ezor Yehuda VeShomron - Judea and Samaria Area).
The Yesha Council is the umbrella organization of the various municipal councils (local, regional, and cities) which oversees the settlement of Jews in the area, settlements which are considered illegal under international law by most of the international community, a claim rejected by Israel.
The West Bank and Gaza Strip are referred to by the United Nations as the "occupied Palestinian territories". Some Israelis refer to them as the "disputed territories," and many others call them simply "Judea and Samaria" and "Gaza."