Yeshivat Otniel shooting
|Yeshivat Otniel shooting|
|Part of the Second Intifada militancy campaign|
|Location||Otniel, West Bank|
|Date||27 December 2002
Starting around 7:45 pm
|Deaths||2 IDF soldiers and 2 Israeli civilians (+ 2 attackers)|
|5 IDF soldiers, 4 Israeli civilians|
|Perpetrators||Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility|
The Yeshivat Otniel shooting, was a terrorist attack carried out on 27 December 2002, in which two Palestinian gunman killed four students at Yeshivat Otniel, a Hesder Yeshiva in the Jewish settlement of Otniel near Hebron in the West Bank.
On Friday night, 27 December 2002, over 100 students and faculty members of Yeshivat Otniel were getting ready to have dinner in the dining room of the Yeshiva, while in the adjacent kitchen, four yeshiva students on kitchen duty organized the first course of the Sabbath meals. Two of the four students on kitchen duty were IDF soldiers on leave without pay from the army.
Meanwhile, two Palestinian militants of the Islamic Jihad, disguised as Israeli soldiers and equipped with battle vests, M-16 rifles and hand grenades, made their way to the settlement through the valley located between Othniel and the town of Dahariya, and managed to infiltrate into the settlement. The militants cut the rickety fence which was erected around the building of the Yeshiva and afterwards, around 19:45 pm, they snuck into the building through the back door of the kitchen. The students on kitchen duty had just finished preparing the main dishes on serving plates and were about to bring them into the dining room when the militants entered the kitchen and opened fire at them. In the last moments of his life, Staff Sergeant Noam Apter, upon immediately realizing what was happening, managed to lock the sliding door separating the kitchen and the dining room, before he was murdered by the militants. In doing so, Noam prevented the militants from entering the dining room and carrying out a far deadlier attack. Nevertheless, after killing the students on kitchen duty, the militants smashed the window of the sliding door and began shooting through it into the dining room, wounding four yeshiva students, one of them critically. The majority of the students in the dining room managed to hide underneath the tables while some of them, whom were carrying weapons with them, returned fire at the militants.
During the event soldiers from Lavi Battalion rushed to the scene and waged a 30-minutes gunbattle with one of the militants who had barricaded himself in the kitchen room, before being shot dead. During the exchange of fire the second militant managed to flee the building, and ran through the valley south of the settlement towards Dahariya. Additional IDF forces from the Nahal Brigade assisted by a tracker pursued the second militant and approached him near a large quarry. The militant noticed the soldiers and opened fire on them, wounding three of them seriously. A gunbattle was waging between the IDF force and the militant while he was hiding behind rocks and bushes. Eventually two IDF soldiers managed to charge at him simultaneously from both sides, and kill him. In total, five IDF soldiers whom participated in the gunbattles with the terrorists were injured during the exchange of fire.
- Gabriel Hoter, 17, of Alonei HaBashan
- Zvi Ziemen, 18, of Re'ut
- Corporal Yehuda Bamberger, 20, of Karnei Shomron
- Staff Sergeant Noam Apter, 23, of Shilo
Claim of responsibility
The Islamic Jihad claimed responsibility for the attack. The organization's leader, Abdallah Ramadan Shalah, stated during a phone call with Al Jazeera that the attack was carried out in retaliation to the assassination of the organization's West Bank militia leader a day earlier in Qabatya, near Hebron.
After the attack, The IDF placed Hebron and three nearby villages under curfew. In addition, as a result of the terrorist attack, Israeli Prime Minister Ariel Sharon told his cabinet that he and Defense Minister Shaul Mofaz had forged an agreement to ramp up the war against terrorism.
As part of the IDF's policy of deterring Palestinian militants from carrying out attacks, on the night of 30 December 2002 an IDF force demolished the homes of Ahmed Faqih, 20, and Mohammed Shaheen, 20, who attacked who carried out the attack in Otniel, which were located in the village of Dura.
- "Two of the four victims of Otniel attack were soldiers". Haaretz.com. 27 December 2002. Retrieved 16 December 2014.
- Weiss, Afrat; Farish, Falix (28 December 2002). "ארבע הרוגים בהתקפה על הישיבה בהתנחלות עתניאל". Yedioth Ahronot. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
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- "אזרחים חללי פעולות איבה - חיפוש לפי שם, אירוע או מקום מגורים - צביקה צבי דב זימן ז"ל". Retrieved 16 December 2014.
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- "CNN.com - Breaking News, U.S., World, Weather, Entertainment & Video News". Retrieved 16 December 2014.
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- Gunmen kill Jewish settlers - published in BBC News, 27 December 2002
- Two of the four victims of Otniel attack were soldiers - published in Haaretz, 27 December 2002
- Gunmen Kill 4 Inside Yeshiva In West Bank - published in The New York Times, 28 December 2002