Yeung Sum

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This is a Chinese name; the family name is Yeung.
Yeung Sum
Yeung Sum cropped.jpg
Yeung Sum
Chairman of Democratic Party
In office
2 December 2002 – 12 December 2004
Preceded by Martin Lee
Succeeded by Wing-tat Lee
Personal details
Born (1947-11-22) 22 November 1947 (age 67)
Guangzhou, Guangdong
Political party Meeting Point (1983–94)
United Democrats (1990–94)
Democratic Party (1994–present)
Alma mater University of Hong Kong
University of York

Yeung Sum, SBS, JP (simplified Chinese: 杨森; traditional Chinese: 楊森; pinyin: Yáng Sēn; Jyutping: Yeung4 Sum1; born 22 November 1947 in Guangzhou, Guangdong with family roots in Zhencheng, Guangdong) is a Hong Kong politician and academic. He served several terms as a Legislative Councillor and was the second chairman (2002–2004) of the Democratic Party (DP), a pro-democracy political party in Hong Kong. He is a lecturer in at the University of Hong Kong.

Biography[edit]

Yeung Sum obtained his undergraduate degree at the University of Hong Kong. He was a residential member in St. John's College and became the president of its student association from 1972–1973. He gained his master's degree at the University of York in Britain before returning to earn his doctorate from the University of Hong Kong. Yeung Sum has taught at the University of Hong Kong since 1979 and has been a lecturer in the Department of Social Work and Social Administration since 1985.

When the issue of Hong Kong sovereignty after 1997 came up in 1983, Yeung and some graduates form the University of Hong Kong founded Meeting Point, the first political organisation supporting Hong Kong's return to Chinese sovereignty. During the drafting of the Hong Kong Basic Law, he pushed for a democratic model for Hong Kong after 1997. He was the second chairman of the group from 1988 to 1989. He also formed the Joint Committee on the Promotion of Democratic Government with liberal-minded drafters Martin Lee and Szeto Wah and became the spokesman of the committee. he was a committee member of the Hong Kong Alliance in Support of Patriotic Democratic Movements in China during the Tiananmen protests of 1989 and remained critical of the Chinese government after the bloody crackdown.

In 1990, he became the founding vice-chairman of the United Democrats of Hong Kong, the first pro-democracy party and filled candidates in the District Board elections and Urban and Regional Councils elections. In the first Legislative Council direct election, he was directly elected through the Island West constituency. He became the vice-chairman of the Democratic Party when the United Democrats and Meeting Point merged in 1994.

Yeung remained legislator until the legislature was dissolved in 1997 when Hong Kong was handed over to China. He was re-elected to the Legislative Council in the 1998 LegCo election and remained in the LegCo until he stepped down as the second place on the party's candidate list in 2008 behind Kam Nai-wai.

Yeung represented the Mainstreamers, a relatively moderate faction, within the democratic camp, and discontent with him within the Democrats led to splits within the party. When Yeung took the chairmanship from Martin Lee in 2002, legislator Albert Chan quit the party, and the following year a number of "Young Turks" left the party to join The Frontier. In 2004, taking responsibility for recent election failures, he announced that he would seek another term as party chairman. He has remained on the party's central committee and executive committees occasionally.

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Legislative Council of Hong Kong
New constituency Member of Legislative Council
Representative for Hong Kong Island West
1991–1995
Served alongside: Huang Chen-ya
Succeeded by
Himself
as Representative for Hong Kong Island South
Preceded by
Himself
as Representative for Hong Kong Island West
Member of Legislative Council
Representative for Hong Kong Island South
1995–1997
Replaced by
Provisional Legislative Council
New seat Member of Legislative Council
Representative for Hong Kong Island
1998–2008
With: Gary Cheng, Christine Loh (1998–2000)
Martin Lee (1998–2008)
Cyd Ho (2000–2004)
Audrey Eu, Choy So-yuk (2000–2008)
Ma Lik (2004–2007)
Rita Fan (2004–2008)
Anson Chan (2007–2008)
Succeeded by
Kam Nai-wai
Party political offices
Preceded by
Lau Nai-keung
Chairman of Meeting Point
1988–1989
Succeeded by
Anthony Cheung
New political party Vice Chairperson of Democratic Party
1994–2000
With: Anthony Cheung (1994–1998)
Lau Chin-shek (1998)
Law Chi-kwong (1998–2000)
Succeeded by
Lee Wing-tat
Preceded by
Martin Lee
Chairperson of Democratic Party
2002–2004