|Mayor of Kharkiv|
|Chief of Staff to the
President of Ukraine
|Governor of the Kharkiv Oblast|
|Deputy to the Verkhovna Rada
(Party of Regions)
January 29, 1951|
Kharkiv, Ukrainian SSR, Soviet Union
|Died||January 17, 2007
Yevhen Petrovych Kushnaryov (Ukrainian: Євген Петрович Кушнарьов, Jevhen Petrovyč Kušnar'ov; Russian: Евгений Петрович Кушнарёв, Evgenij Petrovič Kušnarëv) (January 29, 1951 – January 17, 2007) was a prominent Ukrainian politician of the post-Soviet era. Kushnaryov was considered one of the chief ideologues of the Party of Regions and a key ally of Prime Minister Viktor Yanukovych.
Yevhen Kushnaryov was born in Kharkiv to migrants from Russia in 1951. He graduated from the Kharkiv Engineering-Construction Institute in 1973, and for several years thereafter worked at a local factory of concrete and steel manufacturing.
Kushnaryov became a member of the Communist Party in 1981. In 1989, during the Glasnost era, he joined the pro-democracy movement in the Ukrainian SSR. In 1990 Kushnaryov was elected to both the Kharkiv city council and the Verkhovna Rada, where he took part in formulating the fledgling country's constitution, and in 1994 he became mayor of the city of Kharkiv.
During the election crisis of 2004, Kushnaryov agitated for the creation of an independent southeastern Ukrainian state in the case of Viktor Yushchenko's victory. This caused him to be arrested on charges of separatism, that were eventually dropped. Following the Orange Revolution, Kushnaryov joined Viktor Yanukovych's Party of Regions and in 2006 he was elected to the Verkhovna Rada on the Party of Regions ticket.
Kushnaryov quickly became one of the leaders of the party along with Yanukovych and Rinat Akhmetov. Considered by many to be among the party's main ideologues, Kushnaryov could be frequently seen on television debating public policy. In 2006 he published a book (Red Horse: Notes of a Counterrevolutionary) denouncing the Orange Revolution.
Death and remembrance
On January 15, 2007 Kushnaryov was accidentally shot in the liver while hunting with a group of friends and colleagues, and died two days later in a hospital in Izium. A two-day period of mourning was declared in Kharkiv over the death of the former governor. Yevhen Kushnaryov was survived by his wife, two children, and two grandchildren.
In October 2008 a monument to honour Kushnaryov was unveiled in Kharkiv. The Yevgeny Kushnaryov Foundation for Democracy Initiatives Support was founded in October 2007. The goal of the organisation is "to pursue with the ideas that mattered to him". Aссording to the Ukrainian Wikipedia, a future station of the Kharkiv Metro will be named after Kushnaryov.
Honors and Distinctions
- Order of Yaroslav the Wise V (1998), IV (2002), III (2004) Class (Ukraine)
- Légion d'honneur (1997) (France)
- Although his Ukrainian name was Yevhen (Євген), Kushnaryov personally preferred to use the Russified form Yevheniy (Євгеній) when writing in Ukrainian.
- Kushnaryov.com "Biography" (Ukrainian)
- 5tv.com.ua "Channel 5: Video Archive" (Ukrainian)
- Yevhen Kushnaryov Red Horse: Notes of a Counterrevolutionary (Russian)/(Ukrainian) (Online PDF version)
- Kushnaryov.com "Yevheniy Kushnaryov's funeral will take place on Friday, January 19th" (Ukrainian)
- Lenta.ru "Two-day period of mourning declared over Kushnarev in Kharkov" (Russian)
- A monument to Yevgeny Kushnaryov is open, Yevgeny Kushnaryov Foundation for Democracy Initiatives Support (October 26, 2008)
- About us, Yevgeny Kushnaryov Foundation for Democracy Initiatives Support
- uk:Кушнарьов Євген Петрович Ukrainian Wikipedia(Ukrainian)
- Kushnaryov.com "Yevheniy Kushnaryov - Personal Website" (Ukrainian)
- Personal Webpage (Russian)/(Ukrainian)
- The Yevgeny Kushnaryov Foundation for Democracy Initiatives Support