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Yevsektsii (alternative spelling: Evsektsii), Russian: ЕвСекция, the abbreviation of the phrase "Еврейская секция" or "Hebrew Section") were the Jewish sections of the Soviet Communist party. These sections were established in fall of 1918 with consent of Lenin to carry communist revolution to the Jewish masses. The stated mission of these sections was "destruction of traditional Jewish life, the Zionist movement, and Hebrew culture". The sections were staffed mostly by Jewish ex-members of the Bund, which joined Soviet Communist Party in 1921. According to Richard Pipes, "in time, every Jewish cultural and social organization came under assault". However, main emphasis of Yevsektsii was the assault on Jewish religion. Acting together with local Soviet authorities, Evsektsii organized seizures of synagogues in Gomel, Minsk and Kharkov, which were subsequently converted to clubs or Communist centers.
The Yevsektsii were disbanded as no longer needed in 1929. Many leading members perished in the Great Purge. The Chairman, Semyon Dimanstein was arrested in 1938 and executed. He was rehabilitated posthumously in 1955, 2 years after the death of Joseph Stalin.
- History of the Jews in Russia and Soviet Union
- Communist Party of the Soviet Union
- Jewish Communist Party (Poalei Zion)
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- Pipes, page 363, quoted from book by Nora Levin, The Jews in the Soviet Union since 1917, New York, 1988, page 57
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