Yazidis in Armenia
|Regions with significant populations|
|Armavir, Aragatsotn, Ararat, Kotayk provinces and Yerevan|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Part of a series on|
The yellow sun with 21 rays. The number 21 holds great importance in the ancient religious practice of Yazdânism.
|Blessed persons in Yezidi faith|
|Yezidi holy scripture and worship|
|Blessed persons in Yâresân faith|
|Yâresân holy scripture and worship|
|History and culture|
The Yazidis (Armenian: Եզդիներ Yezdiner) are the largest religious minority in Armenia. Ethnically Yazidis are Kurds, what makes Kurds the largest ethnic minority in Armenia. Yazidis are well integrated into the Armenian society. They have freedom of religion and non-interference in their cultural traditions.
Early 20th century
Many Yazidis came to Armenia and Georgia during the 19th and early 20th centuries to escape religious persecution, as they were oppressed by the Ottoman Turks and the Sunni Kurds who tried to convert them to Islam. The Yazidis were massacred alongside the Armenians during the Armenian Genocide, causing many to flee to Russian held parts of Armenia. The first ever Yazidi school opened in Armenia in 1920.
Due to the ethnic tension created by the war with Azerbaijan, the Yazidi community denounced its ties with the mostly Muslim Kurds that fled the country and tried to establish itself as a distinct ethnic group. The Yezidis showed Armenian patriotism during the Nagorno-Karabakh war when many died in service.
According to the 2001 Census, there are about 40,620 Yazidis in Armenia.
Reports on the relations between Yazidis and the Armenian government have been mixed.
According to a 2004 U.S. Department of State human rights report, Yazidis are subjected to some harassment in Armenia. A high percentage of Yazidi children do not attend school, due to poverty and a lack of teachers who speak their native language.
According to a 2007 U.S. Department of State human rights report, "As in previous years, Yezidi leaders did not complain that police and local authorities subjected their community to discrimination".
|Province (marz)||Yazidis||% of Yazidis in Armenia|
There are 19 Yazidi-inhabited villages in Aragatsotn Province.
|Aragats district||Talin district||Ashtarak district|
Notable Armenian-Yazidi people
- National Statistical Service of the Republic of Armenia - 2001 Armenian National Census
- A Conditional Coexistence:Yezidi in Armenia
- The Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe
- Country Reports on Human Rights Practices - 2004, February 28, 2005
- Country Reports on Human Rights Practices in Armenia
- Yerkramas Newspaper, 23 October 2012
- Photogallery: Armenia's Yezidi Kurds
- Armenia: Yezidi Identity Battle
- Being Yezidi
- Interviews on the Yezidis in Armenia
- Yezidis in Armenia Blog
- Yezidi Pilgrimage to Shamiram Photos
- Portraits of Yezidi Children
- Les Kurdes yézidis en Arménie