This article is about the 2007 South Korean historical drama, Yi San: Wind of the Palace. For Yi San, the 22nd King of the Joseon Dynasty (r. 1776-1800) in Korea, see Jeongjo of Joseon.
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Promotional poster for Yi San
|Also known as||Wind of the Palace|
|Written by||Kim Yi-yeong|
|Directed by||Kim Keun-hong|
|Country of origin||South Korea|
|No. of episodes||77|
|Running time||Mondays and Tuesdays at 21:55|
|Original channel||Munhwa Broadcasting Corporation|
|Original run||17 September 2007– 16 June 2008|
|Preceded by||The 1st Shop of Coffee Prince|
|Followed by||Night after Night|
|official MBC website|
|Revised Romanization||I San|
Yi San (Hangul: 이산; hanja: 李祘), also known as Wind of the Palace, is a 2007 South Korean historical drama, starring Lee Seo-jin, Han Ji-min, Park Eun-hye, and Lee Jong-soo. It aired on Munhwa Broadcasting Corporation (MBC) from September 17, 2007 to June 16, 2008 on Mondays and Tuesdays at 21:55. The series was produced by Lee Byeong-Hoon, who also produced award-winning television series Dae Jang Geum.
Yi San dramatizes the life of Korea's King Jeongjo, the 22nd ruler of the Joseon Dynasty. Jeongjo is remembered in Korean history for his sympathy with the plight of the common man, in spite of his own pampered upbringing as royalty.
The drama begins with the King's early years, during which he befriends two children working in the Palace who are later expelled. King Yeongjo (Jeongjo's grandfather) seals Jeongjo's father, Crown Prince Sado, in a rice storage chest with no food or water because he fears that the crown prince is planning a coup. Jeongjo wants to save his father, and with the help of his friends Seong Song Yeon and Park Dae Su, begs King Yeongjo to forgive the Crown Prince.
The Crown Prince, Jeongjo, begins to fall in love with one of his childhood friends, Seong Song Yeon, whose father, a palace artist, passed away when she was very young. The story then follows Yi San's rise to power, his assumption of the kingship, and the labyrinthine palace intrigues that he must constantly guard against from the No-ron Faction. While the show does deviate from the historical record in a number of ways, its representation of court life during the Joseon Dynasty appears to be based on contemporary sources.
- Lee Seo Jin as Yi San/King Jeongjo
- Han Ji Min as Seong Song Yeon Seong Ui-bin
- Kyeon Mi-ri as Lady Hyegyeong
- Park Eun Hye as Queen Hyoui
- Lee Jong Soo as Park Dae Su
- Lee Soon-jae as King Yeongjo
- Sung Hyun-ah as Princess Hwawan
- Kim Yeo-jin as Queen Jeongsun
- Han Sang Jin as Hong Guk-Yeong
- Cho Yeon Woo as Jeong Hu-gyeom
- Lee Ip Sae as Yang Cho-bi (a Damo, and is later known as Lady Yang of Lady Seong)
- Song Chang-eui as Jeong Yak-yong
- Yi San/King Jeongjo (played by Lee Seo Jin) - the main protagonist in the series. He is the only son of Crown Prince Sado and Lady Hyegyeong. Extremely kind and generous, he makes frequent trips under disguise outside the palace to see how the common people are doing. The series spans from San's childhood at the age of eleven, when Crown Prince Sado is being executed, to about 40 years later, when San himself reigned as king. It was during the beginning of the series when San met Seong Song Yeon and Park Dae Su. In episode 1, he disguises himself as a junior eunuch and sneaks into the courtyard where his father was imprisoned in a rice chest. With the help of Dae Su and Song Yeon, he manages to see him and obey his father's last wish. The friendship that developed as a result would last the entire series. The plot then quickly fast forwards ten years, when San is an adult and Crown Prince of Korea. While he is still Crown Prince, he falls in love with Song Yeon. Later, when he becomes king, Song Yeon is made his concubine. San also likes practicing martial arts with the Royal Guards and traveling incognito. When doing so, he adopts the pseudonym, Yi Mu-Duk.
Yi Son (San of the Royal House of Yi), 이 산
Wangsesun Cheoha (His Highness the Crown Prince Grandson), 왕세손 저하
Chusang Cheona (His Majesty the King), 주상 전하
Pseudonym: Yang(Ga) Mu-Duk (Mu-Duk of the Yang Clan), 양(가) 무덕
- Seong Song Yeon (played by Han Ji Min) - King Jeongjo's love interest. She is the daughter of a skilled palace artist, and thus she has a fondness for art. Orphaned at a young age, and with a baby brother to take care of, she was taken in by a relative who helped her become a palace maid so that she, too, could gain a standing in the palace. When she was 11, she entered the palace, and her relative sent her baby brother, Seong Song Wook, to the family of a local physician, who was kind enough to adopt him. It was on her first night in the palace that Song Yeon met San, who was trying to get to the rice chest, and Dae Su, who was trying to escape the palace, while she was obtaining food for the older palace maids. Sadly, she and Dae Su were caught and kicked out of the palace. Angry at her, the relative that helped her enter the palace refused to take her in, so Dae Su's uncle, senior eunuch Park Dal Ho, took her in and raised her along with Dae Su. However, enemies of the prince forced them all to flee the Capital. The three fled promising that they would return to the palace to keep their friendship. This they do, and Song Yeon enters the Bureau of Painting, which keeps records of events by painting them, as a Damo (Female Painting Assistant). The promise of returning to the palace is not fulfilled until Song Yeon paints a Kirin for an ambassador from Qing China. Curious to learn more about her, San inquires about her at the Bureau and realized it was Song Yeon. He quickly visits her home where he finds Dae Su and his uncle. From then on, the three stay together. Song Yeon is portrayed in the series as a beautiful, kind, and intelligent young woman. She manages to rise from a lowly Damo to a real Bureau artist. Her good character and beauty make San fall in love with her, and she becomes his concubine after he becomes king. Sadly, few people accept her due to her low status (Damos were considered lower than slave status) and the fact that she was orphaned. It was not until she gave birth to a male child that she is accepted and formally recognized as the King's concubine. Song Yeon dies of liver cancer while pregnant with her second child near the end of the series, but returns to San in a dream one last time just before his death.
Seong(Ga) Song Yeon (Song Yeon of the Seong Clan), 성(가) 송연
Seong Sang-gung (Lady Seong), 성 상궁
So-yong Seong-ssi (Concubine So-yong of the Seong Clan), 소용 성씨
Ui-bin Seong-ssi (Royal Noble Consort Ui-bin of the Seong Clan), 의빈 성씨
- Park Dae Su (played by Lee Jong Soo) - King Jeongjo's favorite military officer. Dae Su was originally a junior eunuch in the palace, but because he wasn't castrated, he wanted to leave, so he tried to flee, when he met Song Yeon and San. Like, Song Yeon, he too got kicked out for helping San. Song Yeon and Dae Su know each other very well, as they practically grew up together. Both of them are orphans, but Dae Su's uncle raised them both. When Song Yeon entered the Bureau, Dae Su took the Military Exam and became a palace guard, and became a guard of the Crown Prince (San). From there, Dae Su was promoted over and over until he became Grand Commander of the Dragon Guard, the finest army in Korea and the king's personal guard. Dae Su started out very dumb and dependent, but when he took the military exam, his tutors helped him become a decent man, intelligent, independent, and calm. Without this change, he might have become a thug. Dae Su is one of the three military guards who always follow the king. The other two military guards are Kang Suk Ki - a perceptive archer, and Suh Jang Bo - a stubborn fighter. Song Yeon is also Dae Su's love interest, but he gave up trying to court her after she became a concubine. He was still alive during the reign of Yi San's son, King Sunjo and was implied to have joined them in the afterlife soon afterwards where they played together again as children.
- Lady Hyegyeong (played by Kyeon Mi-ri) - Jeongjo's mother. She is the daughter of high-ranking court official Hong Bong-han of the Pyeongsan Hong clan. Ever worrisome over the royal family and the people, she is a model mother of the Korean upper class. Lady Hyegyeong looks down on lower-class people and she was the main obstacle that caused Song Yeon suffering as concubine. Yet she was also the first one to acknowledge her as a member of the royal family when she gave birth to a boy. Lady Hyegyeong is also responsible for the multiple concubines brought in to bear an heir.
- Queen Hyoui (played by Park Eun-hye) - King Jeongjo's primary wife, born into the Kim clan. She was betrothed to San at the age of 10 and married him in her late teens (around 19). Hyoui is a very kind, filial, refined, and honest woman, a model wife of the Korean upper class. She has the respect of almost everyone in the palace, but she does not abuse this power. Unfortunately, the Queen is unable to bear children and thus results in Jeongjo's mother bringing in multiple concubines. Queen Hyoui favors Song-yeon, and it is with her help that Song Yeon became a concubine and gave birth to a son. Queen Hyoui dies soon after King Jeongjo dies.
- King Yeongjo (played by Lee Soon Jae) - Jeongjo's grandfather. He was the (21st) king of Korea before San took over. Yeongjo has one son, his 2nd son Crown Prince Sado, and a daughter, Princess Hwawan. King Yeongjo is a loving and experienced old man, but he is very firm on San so he can make him the next king. King Yeongjo always suspected his 2nd son of high treason, and throughout the series, that was shown. It was not till just before his death did King Yeongjo discover it had been a plot to frame his son. Yeongjo publicly made it known that it had been a false accusation and had his son's grave repaired. Like San, Yeongjo loved the people and when he knew he would die, that day he sneaked out of the palace and went to his private residence so that he could die among the people, which he did. Yeongjo died in 1777 in his 80s of dementia.
- Queen Jeongsun (played by Kim Yeo-jin) - King Yeongjo's 2nd wife. She is the daughter of the extremely wealthy and powerful Andong Kim clan. Yeongjo fell in love with her when he was 66 and she was 15. Of all the characters in the series, Queen Jeongsun has the best split character. She is very caring and smart, but deep inside, she has a greed for power, and she holds a silent grudge against San, even though she is his grandmother and she cares about him. Queen Jeongsun is the leader of the conservative No-ron Faction and the mastermind behind a plot that was determined to destroy San, a plot that lasted decades. Later, she is forced to give up her titles and power but is permitted to live in the palace.
- Crown Prince Sado (played by Lee Chang Hun) - Jeongjo's father. He is skilled with the bow, in calligraphy, and in painting. He was courted by So-ron Faction (who fell from power) and later became framed by the No-ron Faction and was accused of treason against the thrown by his own father, King Yeongjo, and sentenced to death in a rice chest. San came to see him a few nights before he died in secret, and Sado told him to retrieve a painting he had painted of a scene King Yeongjo cherished. Sadly, Sado died before Yeongjo saw the painting. It was Song Yeon who discovered the meaning of the painting and brought it to Yeongjo, 14 years after Sado's death. Yeongjo understood and Sado's name was cleared.
- Princess Hwawan (played by Sung Hyun-ah) - Yeongjo's daughter by a concubine. Yeongjo is very fond of her. Hwawan is a very beautiful and filial but impatient young woman. Because she is widowed and has no children, she adopted the orphan Jeong Hu-gyeom, who became a court official. Like the Queen, Princess Hwawan affiliated with the No-ron Faction is also a mastermind in the plot to destroy King Jeongjo. This cost her her favor with her father. In the end, Princess Hwawan was stripped of her royalty and titles and exiled to a place far from the capital, where she lived in seclusion under house arrest with only her lady-in-waiting to accompany her.
- Jeong Hu-gyeom (played by Cho Yeon Woo) - Princess Hwawan's adoptive son. He is incredibly intelligent, and the youngest person ever to be part of the royal court; Jeong is the Royal Secretary. He is very smart and filial to the princess. When he was a child, he was San's study partner at the Confucian Academy. In his teens he studied in Qing China, and as an adult he was very successful. Like his adoptive mother, he was a key member of the No-ron Faction also part of the plot to destroy San. When the participants were punished, Hu-gyeom was exiled and put to death by poison.
- Hong Guk-yeong (played by Han Sang Jin) - King Jeongjo's right hand man, as well as distant cousin to his mother, Lady Hyegyeong (both are members of the Pyeongsan hong clan). He is a very loyal advisor to Jeongjo but is very ambitious and can be somewhat shady. He was also the main tutor who helped Dae Su when he was training for the military exam. Throughout the series, he was promoted to Chief Inspector, Chief of the Royal Guard, and Chief Secretary due to his skill at politics and investigation. His younger sister also became one of Jeongjo's concubines. In the end, he was exiled for trying to poison Queen Hyoui out of anger at not forgiving his sister before her death and to erase evidence of his dealings with Queen Jeongsun. He aborted the attempt after discovering that the King was taking her place at the food ceremony and tearfully confessed. He later died at peace due to health issues after being forgiven by the king.
- Jung Ya-Gyong - A scholar from the Confucian Academy and a member of the Nam-in Faction, he was initially unable to enter the court for three years. Later, after entering, he replaced Hong Guk-yeong as Yi San's closest adviser. While not as politically skilled as his predecessor, he is extremely innovative and is a skilled inventor. He is also aware of the flaws in the government and called for reforms.
- Yang Cho-bi (played by Lee Ip-sae) - a Damo at the Bureau of Painting. At first she was very rude to Song-yeon, but when she fell in love with Dae Su and discovered that Song Yeon was practically his sister, she became super nice to her. At first it was for Dae Su, but eventually she developed a real bond and friendship with Song-yeon. When Song Yeon became concubine to Jeongjo, Cho-bi was selected to be her lady-in-waiting, an attendant court lady of the 6th rank (in Korea, all royalty, palace servants, government employees, and government officials are ranked on a system of 1-9, with 1 being the highest rank and 9 being the lowest rank). After Song Yeon's death, Cho-bi becomes Queen Hyoui's second lady-in-waiting.
- Kim Gwi-joo (played by Park Young Ji) - Queen Jeongsun's older brother and a member of the No-ron Faction. He is a high-ranking minister of the royal court and holds the title Lord Kim. Very aggressive, he can easily beat up anyone who makes him or his sister look bad. He has a very lively and straight forward personality and is highly loved by her sister. He also is very intelligent and loves travelling to the city of Pyongyang. He plans plots to kill San alongside his sister and Princess Hwawan. After his extreme participation in the plots is discovered, Lord Kim is stripped of his titles and exiled.
- Nam Si-cho (played by Maeng Sang Hoon) - San's chief eunuch. He follows San everywhere he goes and is very supportive of him.
- Chae Je-gong (played by Han In Soo) - San's administrative assistant. Chae is also Minister of the Tribunal (in charge of national prisons). When San was a child, Sir Chae was also his tutor. Chae is always of help to San and very supportive of his commands. He is also a trusted adult source of advice to Dae Su, Song-yeon, Hong Guk-yeong, and San.
- Yi Cheon - a Royal Artist at the Bureau of Painting. He is by far the most supportive person of Song Yeon at the Bureau. He is great at painting erotica and drawing sketches but is otherwise a not-so-extraordinary artist. Yi Cheon is very funny and bubbly and is always trying to keep is wife happy so she doesn't kill him.
- Seong Song Wook - The younger brother of Seong Song Yeon, he was initially given up for adoption to the family of a physician soon after the death of their parents. Song Wook was later sold of as a slave, although the adoptive family lied and told Song Yeon that he had died young of disease. He was later rescued and raised by a group of Catholic converts, who were initially persecuted by the authorities.
- Artist Tak - another Royal Artist at the Bureau of Painting. He is by far much more skilled than Yi Chun and becomes good friends with Song Yeon. In the last episode, Tak is promoted to a Senior Artist of the 5th rank.
- Baek Dong-soo: a warrior who protected Yi San.
Awards and nominations
- 2007 MBC Drama Awards
- Top Excellence Award, Actor 최우수상: Lee Seo-jin
- Excellence Award, Actress 우수상: Han Ji-min
- Best Teen Actor 아역상: Park Ji-bin
- Best Writer: Kim Yi-yeong
- Nomination - Best Drama
- Nomination - Best Couple Award: Lee Seo-jin and Han Ji-min
- Nomination - Popularity Award, Actor: Lee Seo-jin
- Nomination - Popularity Award, Actress: Han Ji-min
- Both Sado and Hwawan were offspring of one of Yeongjo's concubines.
- In actuality, she is his step-grandmother, as San's real grandmother is one of Yeongjo's concubines
- Yi San official MBC website (Korean)