Yichun, Heilongjiang

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Not to be confused with Yichun (宜春), Jiangxi
Yichun
伊春市
Prefecture-level city
Residents community in Yichun, Heilongjiang.
Residents community in Yichun, Heilongjiang.
Nickname(s): Forest capital (林都)
Yichun (red) in Heilongjiang (orange)
Yichun (red) in Heilongjiang (orange)
Yichun is located in Heilongjiang
Yichun
Yichun
Location of the city centre in Heilongjiang
Coordinates: 47°44′N 128°54′E / 47.733°N 128.900°E / 47.733; 128.900
Country People's Republic of China
Province Heilongjiang
County-level divisions 17
Government
 • Type Prefecture-level city
 • CPC Yichun Secretary Wang Aiwen (王爱文)
 • Mayor Gao Huan (高环)
Area
 • Prefecture-level city 39,017 km2 (15,065 sq mi)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Prefecture-level city 1,148,126
 • Metro 729,202
Time zone China standard time (UTC+8)
ZIP code 153000
Area code(s) 0458
Licence plates F
ISO 3166-2 cn-23-07
Website yc.gov.cn
Yichun
Chinese name
Chinese 伊春
Postal Map Ichun
Manchu name
Manchu script ᡳᡧᡠᠨ
Russian name
Russian Ичунь

Yichun (Chinese: 伊春; pinyin: Yīchūn) is a prefecture-level city on the Songhua river in Heilongjiang province, People's Republic of China. The city is separated from Russia by the Amur River and has an international border of 246 kilometres (153 mi). At the 2010 census, Yichun has a total population of 1,148,126 while 729,202 people live in 15 districts separated by forests.[1] The greening rate of Yichun is up to 83%. The nickname of Yichun is Lindu (Chinese: 林都; pinyin: Líndū; literally: "forest capital").

History[edit]

Yichun was named after the Yichun River (伊春河), which is a small tributary of Tangwang River (汤旺河). The word Yichun means "nine" in Mongolian language. During the Shang Dynasty Yichun was populated by the Sushen. Before the Tang Dynasty, the region was inhabited by several nomad tribes in the northeastern border area of China including Sushen and Donghu. During the Qing Dynasty, Yichun was under the administration of Qiqihar and Hulan's Deputy Lieutenant-General(Fudutong) before it became a minor town under Tangyuan County's jurisdiction in the 1890s.

The region's real development began after the establishment of Manchukuo after Japanese force seized Manchuria in 1932. In November 1941, a railway from Suihua to Jiamusi was built before its branch was extended to today's Yichun district from Nancha in July 1942. In 1945, Yichun was established as Yichunjie(Yichun Street) under Tangyuan County's control. As a major center of lumber industry, Yichun has grown at an astonishing rate since 1949. In 1952 Yichun County was established by the PRC Government. On 13 Feb 1958 Yichun was designated a Prefecture-level city. However, in order to set up a pilot of the combination of enterprise management and government, The CPC Central Committee and State Council approved to establish Yichun Special District (伊春特区) instead of Yichun City in 1964. In 1979 the City of Yichun was reinstated. Jiayin and Tieli were put into Yichun's jurisdiction.[2]

Geography[edit]

Yichun is located in the northeast part of Heilongjiang, faces Russia across the Amur River with a borderline of 2,495 km (1,550 mi). The Lesser Khingan Mountains cross the city. The total administrative area of Yichun is up to 33,000 km2 (13,000 sq mi). The channels and valleys are densely covered with trees and grasslands In the administrative area of Yichun. There are 702 rivers in total and the total water pondage is 10.2 billion steres, and the rivers belong to the branches of Amur River and Songhua River systems. Tangwanghe River is the main river of Yichun.

Climate[edit]

Yichun has a monsoon-influenced, hemiboreal climate (Köppen Dwb), with long, bitterly cold, but very dry winters, and very warm, humid summers. With an annual mean temperature of 1.29 °C (34.3 °F), it is among the coldest Chinese cities, and diurnal temperature variation tends to be large, especially in winter and spring. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from −22.4 °C (−8.3 °F) in January to 21.0 °C (69.8 °F). During the warmer months, rainfall is somewhat enhanced by the mountainous topography, allowing for a generous annual precipitation total of 627 millimetres (24.7 in). However, the monsoon still means that more than 60% of the annual precipitation falls from June to August alone.

Climate data for Yichun, Heilongjiang (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 1.0
(33.8)
8.0
(46.4)
18.7
(65.7)
27.9
(82.2)
31.7
(89.1)
35.1
(95.2)
36.3
(97.3)
35.4
(95.7)
29.8
(85.6)
26.8
(80.2)
13.6
(56.5)
2.2
(36)
36.3
(97.3)
Average high °C (°F) −14.5
(5.9)
−7.8
(18)
0.7
(33.3)
11.5
(52.7)
19.4
(66.9)
24.4
(75.9)
27.1
(80.8)
25.0
(77)
19.0
(66.2)
9.8
(49.6)
−2.4
(27.7)
−12.6
(9.3)
8.3
(46.94)
Daily mean °C (°F) −22.4
(−8.3)
−16.7
(1.9)
−6.8
(19.8)
4.6
(40.3)
12.0
(53.6)
17.7
(63.9)
21.0
(69.8)
18.7
(65.7)
11.8
(53.2)
2.8
(37)
−9.0
(15.8)
−18.2
(−0.8)
1.29
(34.32)
Average low °C (°F) −29.1
(−20.4)
−24.5
(−12.1)
−14.4
(6.1)
−2.0
(28.4)
4.4
(39.9)
11.1
(52)
15.5
(59.9)
13.6
(56.5)
6.0
(42.8)
−2.9
(26.8)
−14.7
(5.5)
−24.9
(−12.8)
−5.16
(22.72)
Record low °C (°F) −41.2
(−42.2)
−41.2
(−42.2)
−37.9
(−36.2)
−18.6
(−1.5)
−8.8
(16.2)
0.5
(32.9)
4.5
(40.1)
0.4
(32.7)
−5.9
(21.4)
−22.5
(−8.5)
−33.1
(−27.6)
−40.4
(−40.7)
−41.2
(−42.2)
Precipitation mm (inches) 4.8
(0.189)
4.8
(0.189)
10.0
(0.394)
23.3
(0.917)
50.6
(1.992)
109.3
(4.303)
151.9
(5.98)
145.0
(5.709)
74.5
(2.933)
33.0
(1.299)
11.6
(0.457)
8.2
(0.323)
627.0
(24.685)
Avg. precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 8.4 6.1 6.6 9.4 12.5 15.7 15.7 15.5 13.5 9.6 7.9 9.6 130.5
Source: Weather China

Subdivisions[edit]

Yichun mpc.png
# Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population (2010 est.) Area (km²) Density (/km²)
1 Yichun District 伊春区 Yīchūn Qū 146,074 100 1,500
2 Nancha District 南岔区 Nánchà Qū 118,060 3,088 45
3 Youhao District 友好区 Yǒuhǎo Qū 53,409 2,366 30
4 Xilin District 西林区 Xīlín Qū 51,938 457 109
5 Cuiluan District 翠峦区 Cuìluán Qū 44,976 1,560 32
6 Xinqing District 新青区 Xīnqīng Qū 43,054 1,181 42
7 Meixi District 美溪区 Měixī Qū 40,697 2,259 22
8 Jinshantun District 金山屯区 Jīnshāntún Qū 39,917 1,850 27
9 Wuying District 五营区 Wǔyíng Qū 33,980 1,040 38
10 Wumahe District 乌马河区 Wūmǎhé Qū 31,391 1,254 32
11 Tangwanghe District 汤旺河区 Tāngwànghé Qū 30,980 1,263 32
12 Dailing District 带岭区 Dàilǐng Qū 32,256 1,040 38
13 Wuyiling District 乌伊岭区 Wūyīlǐng Qū 21,145 3,162 9
14 Hongxing District 红星区 Hóngxīng Qū 21,838 3,042 10
15 Shangganling District 上甘岭区 Shànggānlǐng Qū 19,487 1,461 14
16 Tieli City 铁力市 Tiělì Shì 350,358 6,620 59
17 Jiayin County 嘉荫县 Jiāyīn Xiàn 68,566 7,273 11

Economy[edit]

The city's GDP topped RMB 20.24 billion in 2010, featuring a growth of 15.7% over the previous year.[3] In 2010, value-added industrial output generated by enterprises with designated size or above rose 29.3% to RMB 7.12 billion.[4] In 2010, the foreign trade value of Yichun totaled US$302.23 million, up 36.3% year on year.[4]

Wood processing and metallurgy are the main industries in Yichun. In 2010, value-added industrial output from wood processing increased 34% to RMB 2.01 billion, while that from metallurgy rose 39.2% to RMB 2.2 billion, accounting for 33.6% of the industrial sector's total. These two industries accounted for 91% of Yichun's total value-added industrial output according to the statistics in 2009.[3]

Transportation[edit]

Yichun Lindu Airport, located in a forest approximately 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) from downtown Yichun,[5] is the city's airport. It started operations in August 2009, and is capable of serving 142,000 passengers a year.[6] Yichun Railway Station operates daily trains to Harbin, the capital of Heilongjiang Province. The Yichun-Hegang Highway and the Yichun-Harbin Highway(part of Hegang-Harbin Highway) connect the city with other cities in Heilongjiang Province.[4]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "2010年伊春市第六次全国人口普查主要数据公报(Sixth National Population Census of the People's Republic of China)". Yichun Municipal Government. Retrieved 6 May 2011. 
  2. ^ 伊春市地方志编纂委员会 (1995). 伊春市志 History of Yichun. 黑龙江人民出版社 Heilongjiang People's Press. ISBN 9787207029201. 
  3. ^ a b "伊春市2010年国民经济和社会发展统计公报". www.tjcn.org (in Chinese). 31 March 2011. 
  4. ^ a b c "Yichun ( Heilongjiang ) City Information". Hong Kong Trade Development Council. Retrieved 5 September 2011. 
  5. ^ "Heavy fog shrouds airport as crash rescue continues". Society. China Daily. 25 August 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-25. 
  6. ^ "Introduction of Lindu airport in Yichun city". CCTV News. 25 August 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-25. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 47°44′N 128°54′E / 47.733°N 128.900°E / 47.733; 128.900