Street of Yilan City
|Country||Republic of China|
|• Mayor||Huang Ding-ho (黃定和)|
|• Total||29.408 km2 (11.354 sq mi)|
|Population (January 2014)|
|• Density||3,300/km2 (8,400/sq mi)|
|Website||Yilan City Office|
Yilan City (Chinese: 宜蘭市; pinyin: Yílán Shì; Wade–Giles: I2-lan2 Shih4) is a city and the county seat of Yilan County, Taiwan. The city lies on the north side of the Lanyang River. The Yilan Plain in which the city is located was originally known as the Kapsulan Plain (蛤仔難/甲子蘭) or the Komalan Plain (噶瑪蘭). These names, as well as that of Yilan itself, were given to the sites by the Kavalan tribe of Taiwanese aborigines. Later arrivals included Han Chinese settlers during the Qing Dynasty in China (1802) and settlers from Okinawa during Taiwan's period of Japanese rule (1895-1945).
The city's official name was Ilan before 2009.
According to archaeological research, the Taiwan region has been inhabited since 20,000 to 30,000 years ago. Settlements in the Yilan region were established by 3,000 to 4,000 years ago. Later the ancestors of the Kavalan people arrived via ocean-faring canoes. The Kavalan people on the coast established fishing communities and the Atayal people in the mountains built settlements around hunting; both societies supported these pursuits with agriculture.
In 1810 under Qing Dynasty rule, a formal administration office was established at Wuwei (五圍) and "Komalan Subprefecture" (噶瑪蘭廳) was at the present day location of Yilan City. Construction of the city wall was completed a year later. After a few years once the basic infrastructure was ready, the city assumed the political, economical, cultural and educational center for the Lanyang Plain.
Empire of Japan
In 1920, during the Japanese era (1895-1945), the city was established as Giran Town (宜蘭街), Giran District (宜蘭郡), Taihoku Prefecture. In 1940, the town was upgraded to Giran City (宜蘭市), Taihoku Prefecture.
Republic of China
After the handover of Taiwan from Japan to the Republic of China on 25 October 1945, Yilan City was created in January 1946 as a county-controlled city the county seat of the newly created Yilan County and continue to become the political, economical and cultural centers of the region.
Yilan City is located on Lanyang Plain with an average altitude of 7.38 meters above sea level.
Yilan City consists of 40 villages and 543 neighborhoods.
- Beneficial Microbes Museum
- Memorial Hall of Founding of Yilan Administration
- Museum of Yilan Government History
- Taiwan Theater Museum
- Yilan Distillery Chia Chi Lan Wine Museum
- Zhongyang Park
- Less-common alternative romanisation: I-lan
- "Discovery Center of YiLan - Yilan City Office". Ilancity.gov.tw. Retrieved 2014-05-25.
- "[ Information For Foreigners In Yilan ]". Foreigner.e-land.gov.tw. 2008-08-07. Retrieved 2014-05-25.
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