Yimchunger

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Yimchunger
Naga female by retlaw snellac.jpg
A Yimchunger Naga woman at the morung of Kutur village
Languages
Yimchungrü language
Related ethnic groups
Other Naga tribes

Yimchunger is one of the major Naga tribes of Nagaland, India.[1]

History[edit]

According to the Yimchunger tradition, the tribe emerged at a village called Moru, and then came to the Jure village.[2] The Yimchungers and the Khiamungans are believed to have migrated to the present-day Nagaland from Upper Burma as one group, in one wave. They separated into two groups at the Moru village.[1]

Culture[edit]

The musical instruments of the Yimchungers include simple log drums, trumpets and flutes, similar to that of the Angamis.[1]

The traditional dress of the Yimchungers includes colorful cane-made headgear decorated with hair and bird feathers.

Metemneo festival[edit]

Metemneo is the traditional 5-day harvest festival of the Yimchunger tribe. It is celebrated after the millet crop is harvested, usually in the second week of August.[3]

The ceremonies are inaugurated by the village elder khiungpu. The five-day festivals include:

Day Ceremony Description
1 Sito Communal cleaning of the village, repair of village roads
2 Shito Repair of the paths leading to the fields, clearing up of intrusive landslides
3 Zhimto Repair of inter-village roads
4 Chiresco Cleaning of water points and springs
5 Siresok Cleaning and worship of agricultural tools

The tribals also pray for the souls of the decesased, invite friends to home and exchange gifts. The festival is also marked by the engagements between the young tribals.[3]


References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Ved Prakash (2007). Encyclopaedia Of North-east India Vol# 5. Atlantic. pp. 2137–2138. ISBN 978-81-269-0707-6. 
  2. ^ M Alemchiba (1970). A brief historical account of Nagaland. Naga Institute of Culture. p. 21. OCLC 246670722. 
  3. ^ a b "Festivals: Metemneo". District Administration, Kiphire District. Retrieved 2011-10-24.