Ying-Yi dialect

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Native to China
Region Northeastern Jiangxi
Native speakers
(no estimate available)
Language codes
ISO 639-3
ISO 639-6 yiyi
Glottolog ying1246[1]
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters.

Ying-Yi, sometimes called Yingtan dialect after its principal variety, is a dialect of the Gan language. It is named after Yingtan and Yiyang, and is spoken in those areas as well as in Yugan Guixi, Yujiang, Wannian, Leping, Poyang, Pengze, Hengfeng, Chuanshan in Jiangxi province.

Phonetics and Phonology[edit]

The Yugan variety will be taken as representative.


Consonants of the Yugan Gan
  bilabial alveolar alveolo-palatal Post-
velar glottal
nasal m ɲ   ŋ  
plosives voiceless unaspirated p t     k  
voiceless aspirated      
voiceless fricatives ɸ s ɕ ʃ   h
affricates voiceless unaspirated   ts    
voiceless aspirated   tsʰ tɕʰ tʃʰ    
lateral approximants   l        


Citation tones[edit]

Tone chart of Yugan Gan
Tone number Tone name Tone contour Description
1 yin ping (陰平) ˧ (33) falling
2 yang ping (陽平) ˩˦ (14) rising
3 shang sheng (上聲) ˨˩˧ (213) dipping
4 yin qu (陰去) ˦˥ (45) high
5 yang qu (陽去) ˩˨ (12) low
6 ru sheng (入聲) ˩˦̚ (14) checked
7 ru sheng (入聲) ˩̚ (1) checked


  1. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Ying-Yi". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.