Yingluck Shinawatra

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
This is a Thai name. Yingluck is the given name; Shinawatra is the family name.
Yingluck Shinawatra
ยิ่งลักษณ์ ชินวัตร

MPCh MWM
9153ri-Yingluck Shinawatra.jpg
28th Prime Minister of Thailand
In office
5 August 2011 – 7 May 2014
Monarch Bhumibol Adulyadej
Preceded by Abhisit Vejjajiva
Succeeded by Niwatthumrong Boonsongpaisan (Acting)
Minister of Defence
In office
30 June 2013 – 7 May 2014
Deputy Yuthasak Sasiprapha
Preceded by Sukampol Suwannathat
Succeeded by Niwatthumrong Boonsongpaisan (Acting)
Personal details
Born (1967-06-21) 21 June 1967 (age 47)
San Kamphaeng, Thailand
Political party Pheu Thai Party
Spouse(s) Anusorn Amornchat
Children Supasek Amornchat
Alma mater Chiang Mai University
Kentucky State University
Religion Theravada Buddhism
Signature

Yingluck Shinawatra (Thai: ยิ่งลักษณ์ ชินวัตร, RTGS: Yinglak Chinnawat, pronounced [jîŋ.lák tɕʰīn.ná.wát]; born 21 June 1967), nicknamed Pu (Thai: ปู, pronounced [pūː], "crab"),[1] is a Thai businesswoman and politician, member of the Pheu Thai Party, and the 28th Prime Minister of Thailand following the 2011 general election. Yingluck was Thailand's first female Prime Minister at the time and its youngest Prime Minister in over 60 years.[2][3]

Born in Chiang Mai Province into a wealthy family of Chinese descent,[4] Yingluck Shinawatra earned a bachelor's degree from Chiang Mai University and a master's degree from Kentucky State University, both in public administration.[5] She became an executive in the businesses founded by her elder brother, Thaksin Shinawatra, and later became the president of property developer SC Asset and managing director of Advanced Info Service. Meanwhile, her brother Thaksin became Prime Minister and was then overthrown in a military coup. He fled from Thailand, was convicted in absentia and has lived in self-imposed exile.

In May 2011, the Pheu Thai Party, which maintains close ties to Thaksin, nominated Yingluck as their candidate for Prime Minister in the 2011 general election.[6][7] She campaigned on a platform of national reconciliation, poverty eradication, and corporate income tax reduction and won a landslide victory. On 7 May 2014, the Constitutional Court of Thailand ordered Yingluck Shinawatra to step down following months of political crisis. The Court found her guilty of charges of abuse of power over the transfer of national security Chief Thawil Pliensri in 2011.[8]

On 23 May 2014 Yingluck was arrested along with former cabinet ministers and political leaders, in the wake of a military coup which had occurred the previous day. She was taken with two family members to an army camp in central Thailand. A military official said she would be detained for up to a week while the coup was consolidated.

Early life and business career[edit]

Yingluck Shinawatra at US Embassy, Bangkok, July 2011

Yingluck Shinawatra is the youngest of nine children of Lert and Yindee.[9][10] Her father was a member of parliament for Chiang Mai.[11] She is a descendant of the ruling monarch of Chiang Mai through her grandmother, Princess Jantip Na Chiang Mai (Great-great-granddaughter of King Dharmalangka of Chiang Mai). Yingluck grew up in Chiang Mai and attended Regina Coeli College, a private girls' school, at the lower secondary level and then Yupparaj College, a co-ed school, at the upper secondary level.[12] She graduated with a BA degree from the Faculty of Political Science and Public Administration, Chiang Mai University in 1988 and received a MPA degree (specialization in Management Information Systems) from Kentucky State University in 1991.

Yingluck began her career as a sales and marketing intern at Shinawatra Directories Co., Ltd., a telephone directory business founded by AT&T International. She later became the director of procurement and the director of operations. In 1994, she became the general manager of Rainbow Media, a subsidiary of International Broadcasting Corporation (which later became TrueVisions). She left as Deputy CEO of IBC in 2002, and became the CEO of Advanced Info Service (AIS), Thailand's largest mobile phone operator.[9] After the sale of Shin Corporation (the parent company of AIS) to Temasek Holdings, Yingluck resigned from AIS, but remained Managing Director of SC Asset Co Ltd, the Shinawatra family property development company. She was investigated by Thailand's Securities and Exchange Commission regarding possible insider trading after she sold shares of her AIS stock for a profit prior to the sale of the Shin Corporation to Temasek Holdings. No charges were filed.[13] Yingluck Shinawatra is also a committee member and secretary of the Thaicom Foundation.

Yingluck received 0.68% of Shin Corp shares out of the 46.87% that Thaksin Shinawatra and his then wife held in 1999. The military junta-appointed Assets Examination Committee charged that Yingluck made up false transactions and that “there were no real payments for each Ample Rich Co.,Ltd shares sold” and “the transactions were made at a cost basis of par value in order to avoid income taxes, and all the dividends paid out by Shin to those people were transferred to [her sister-in-law] Potjaman's bank accounts”. However, the AEC did not pursue a case against her.[14] Yingluck, in response, claimed that “her family has been a victim of political persecution”.[15]

She has one son, Supasek, with her common-law husband, Anusorn Amornchat. Anusorn was an executive of the Charoen Pokphand Group and managing director of M Link Asia Corporation PCL.[16] Her sister, Yaowapa Wongsawat, is the wife of former prime minister Somchai Wongsawat.

Political career[edit]

Establishment of the Pheu Thai Party[edit]

After the governing People's Power party was dissolved and its executive board was banned from political activity by the Constitutional Court on 2 December 2008,[17] former People's Power Party MPs formed the Pheu Thai Party. Yingluck was asked to become the leader of the party but she declined, stating that she did not want to be Prime Minister and wanted to focus on business.[18] Yongyuth Wichaidit became the leader of the party.

US diplomatic cables leaked in 2011 revealed that during a 9 September 2009 meeting, former Deputy Prime Minister and "close Thaksin ally" Sompong Amornvivat told Ambassador to Thailand Eric John that he did not envision a big role for Yingluck in the Pheu Thai Party, and that "Thaksin himself was not eager to raise her profile within the party, and was more focused on finding ways to keep his own hand active in politics." However, in a subsequent cable dated 25 November 2009, the Ambassador noted that in a meeting with Yingluck, she spoke with confidence about the "operations, strategy and goals" of the Pheu Thai party and seemed "far more poised" than in previous meetings. The cable cited Yingluck saying that, "Someone could easily emerge relatively late in the game to take the reins of the party and serve as the next Prime Minister."[19]

Yingluck's bank account was among 86 bank accounts that the Abhisit government accused of being used to fund Red Shirt protesters during their demonstrations in 2010. Abhisit accused the Red Shirts of trying to overthrow the monarchy. However, the government did not pursue any legal case against her. The Department for Special Investigation found that from 28 April 2009 to May 2010, 150 million baht was deposited into one of her accounts while 166 million baht was withdrawn. On 28 April 2010 alone, 144 million baht was withdrawn.[20]

Pheu Thai Party leadership[edit]

Yongyuth had stated his intention of resigning as party leader in late 2010. Speculation about a snap election in early 2011 heightened internal debate with regards to the party leadership. The front runners were Yingluck and Mingkwan Sangsuwan, who had led the opposition in an unsuccessful motion of no confidence against the Democrat Party-led coalition government. As late as 28 January 2011, Yingluck continued to rule out the party leadership, repeating that she wanted to focus on business. However, she was endorsed by veteran politician Chalerm Yubamrung.[21]

On 16 May 2011, the Pheu Thai party voted to name Yingluck as the party's top candidate under the party-list system (and presumably be the party's nominee for Prime Minister) for parliamentary election scheduled for 3 July. However, she was not made party leader and she did not join the executive board of the party. The ultimate decision was made by Thaksin. "Some said she is my nominee. That's not true. But it can be said that Yingluck is my clone... Another important thing is that Ms Yingluck is my sister and she can make decisions for me. She can say 'yes' or 'no' on my behalf," Thaksin noted in an interview.[22]

2011 election and rise to premiership[edit]

Election campaign[edit]

Promotion for Yingluck Shinawatra and her party at Pathum Thani Province, July 2011

Pheu Thai campaigned with a slogan of "Thaksin thinks, Pheu Thai acts".[23] Yingluck's main campaign theme was reconciliation following the extended political crisis from 2008 to 2010, culminating in the military crackdown on protesters which left nearly 100 protesters dead and thousands injured. She promised to empower the Independent Truth and Reconciliation Commission of Thailand (ITRC), the panel that the Democrat-led government had set up to investigate the killings.[24] The ITRC had complained that its work was hampered by the military and the government.[25]

Yingluck also proposed a general amnesty for all major politically motivated incidents that had taken place since the 2006 coup, which could include the coup itself, court rulings banning Thai Rak Thai and People's Power Party leaders from seeking office, the People's Alliance for Democracy (PAD) seizures of Government House and Don Muang and Suvarnabhumi Airports, the military crackdowns of 2009 and 2010, and the conviction of Thaksin Shinawatra for abuse of power.[26] The proposal was fiercely attacked by the government, who claimed that it would specifically give amnesty to Thaksin, and also result in the return to him of the 46 billion baht of his wealth that that the government had seized as a penalty. However, Yingluck denied that the return of seized assets was a priority for the Pheu Thai party, and repeated that she had no intention of giving amnesty to any one person. Abhisit claimed outright that Yingluck was lying and that amnesty to Thaksin actually was the Pheu Thai party's policy.[27][citation needed] The government blamed Pheu Thai for the bloodshed during the military crackdown.[28]

Yingluck described a 2020 vision for the elimination of poverty.[29] She promised to reduce the corporate income tax from 30% to 23% and then 20% by 2013 and to raise the minimum wage to 300 baht per day and the minimum wage for university graduates to 15,000 baht per month. Her agricultural policies included improving operating cashflow to farmers and providing loans of up to 70% of expected income, based on a guaranteed rice price of 15,000 baht per ton.[30] She also planned to provide free public Wi-Fi and a tablet PC to every schoolchild (a Thai Rak Thai Party plan to provide one laptop per child was cancelled after the 2006 military coup).[31][citation needed]

Election results and the establishment of the government[edit]

Exit polls indicated a landslide victory, with Pheu Thai projected to win as many as 310 seats in the 500-seat parliament.[32] However, the official result was 265 seats and 47% of the vote for Pheu Thai, with a 75.03% election turnout rate.[33] There were 3 million invalid ballots; the large number was cited as the cause for the difference between the exit poll results and the official count.[34] It was only the 2nd time in Thai history that a single party won more than half of the seats in parliament; the first time was in 2005 with Thaksin's own Thai Rak Thai Party.

United Nations secretary-general Ban Ki-moon welcomed the outcome of the elections and called for all parties to "respect the will of the Thai people as expressed through the democratic process." Aung San Su Kyi congratulated Yingluck, praised the election as “free and fair,” and said that she expected “the ties between Myanmar and Thailand to get better.”[35][36]

Yingluck quickly formed a coalition with the Chartthaipattana (19 seats), Chart Pattana Puea Pandin (7 seats), and Phalang Chon (7 seats), and Mahachon (1 seat), and New Democracy (1 seat) parties, giving her a total of 300 seats.[37][38] Outgoing Defense Minister General Prawit Wongsuwan said that he accepted the election results, and after having talked with military leaders, would not intervene.[39]

Prime Minister of Thailand, 2011–2014[edit]

Yingluck greeting US President Barack Obama at the ASEAN Summit in Nusa Dua, Bali, Indonesia, 18 Nov 2011
Yingluck at the World Economic Forum, January 2012

Following the general election, the first separate session of the House of Representatives was held in the morning of 5 August to select a new Prime Minister.[40] 296 of the 500 members of parliament voted to approve the premiership of Yingluck Shinawatra, three disapproved, and 197 abstained. Four Democrat lawmakers were absent.[41][42] Somsak Kiatsuranont, President of the National Assembly, advised and consented King Bhumibol Adulyadej to appoint Yingluck Prime Minister on 8 August.[43] The Proclamation on her appointment was made retroactive, taking effect from 5 August.[44]

Yingluck established her Council of Ministers on 9 August. She and her Ministers were sworn in on 10 August.[45] They were then required to complete addressing their administrative policy to the National Assembly. According to the Constitution, the address had to be made within fifteen days from the effective date of the Proclamation on Yingluck's appointment.[46]

Key members of Yingluck's cabinet include former Interior Permanent Secretary Yongyuth Wichaidit as Interior Minister, Securities and Exchange Commission Secretary-General Thirachai Phuvanatnaranubala as Finance Minister, and former Defense Permanent Secretary General Yuthasak Sasiprapa as Defense Minister. Absent from Yingluck's cabinet were Red Shirts who had spearheaded protests against the Democrat-led government.

Polls from shortly after her cabinet was announced found that the cabinet rated most highly in terms of economic competency. It also showed that Yingluck was much more popular than her exiled brother Thaksin.[47]

2011 floods[edit]

Main article: 2011 Thailand floods

The 2011 rainy season saw the highest levels of rainfall in Thailand in the previous 50 years.[48] Flooding started in northern Thailand on 31 July, a week prior to Yingluck's appointment as Prime Minister.[49] Flooding quickly spread from the North to the Central Chao Phraya River Basin, and by the beginning of October, the province of Ayutthaya, north of Bangkok, was almost flooded. The floods were the worst in Thailand in over 50 years. Yingluck established centralised flood monitoring and relief operations in mid-August and made tours of flooded provinces beginning 12 August.[50] Yingluck also pledged to invest in long-term flood prevention projects, including the construction of drainage canals. Flood reduction measures were hampered by disputes between people on the different sides of flood barriers: those on the flooded side in some instances sabotaged the barriers, sometimes resulting in armed confrontation.[51][52] Opposition leader Abhisit Vejjajiva and military leaders called for Yingluck to declare a state of emergency, claiming that it would give the military greater authority to deal with embankment sabotage.[53] A state of emergency had last been declared in 2010 during the Abhisit-government's crackdown on anti-government protesters. Yingluck refused to declare a state of emergency, saying that it would not improve flood management. Instead, she invoked the 2007 Disaster Prevention and Mitigation Act and issued a disaster warning which gave her government greater authority to manage flood control and drainage.[54]

Cabinet reshuffle[edit]

Yingluck Shinawatra in Munich with Bavarian minister for economy Martin Zeil

On 18 January 2012, Yingluck reshuffled her cabinet, assigning six cabinet members to new posts, naming ten new ministers and deputies and dismissing nine members of the government.[55] The regrouping was assessed as a step to increase loyalty to the head of government and a reaction to discontent with the government's management of the flood disaster.[55][56] Especially noted was the choice of Nalinee Taveesin (Minister in the PM's Office), who is on a U.S. blacklist for alleged business links to Zimbabwean President Robert Mugabe,[57][58][59] and Nattawut Saikua (Deputy Minister of Agriculture), the first leader of the United Front for Democracy Against Dictatorship (UDD, or "Red Shirts") in the government.[60][61][62] Yingluck's first cabinet had not incorporated any "Red Shirts" activists.[63]

On 30 June 2013, the fifth reshuffle occurred in the cabinet of Yingluck, leading to changes in 18 cabinet posts.[64] She herself assumed the post of minister of defence in the reshuffle.[64]

2013 Thailand protests[edit]

On 9 December 2013, Yingluck dissolved the country's Parliament and called early elections in the face of the anti-government protests.[65]

2014 corruption investigation[edit]

As Chairperson of the rice committee, Yingluck is facing investigation, with Thailand's anti-graft agency who are investigating Prime Minister Yingluck Shinawatra's role in the rice pledging scheme after bringing formal charges of corruption against two of her cabinet ministers. The National Anti-Corruption Commission (NACC) will check to see if she was negligent in her duties as chair of the National Rice Policy Committee.[66]

Despite being chairperson of the rice committee, Yingluck admitted in the 2013 Censure debate against her government that she had never attended meetings of the National Rice Policy Committee.[67]

On May 7, 2014, the Constitutional Court unanimously dismissed Yingluck from office in consequence of the unconstitutional transfer of a top security officer Thawil Pliensri as National Security Council secretary-general in 2011. Thawil was moved from the post in September 2011, paving the way for then police chief Pol Gen Wichean to replace him. Pol Gen Priewpan Damapong, the brother of the former wife of Yingluck's brother Thaksin, succeeded Pol Gen Wichean as police chief. Yingluck argued that Pol Gen Priewpan's appointment was not for the sake of her family because Thaksin had already divorced Potjaman Damapong when the transfer was made.[68]

On May 8, 2014, the National Anti-Corruption Commission (NACC) unanimously agreed to indict Yingluck in the rice-pledging scheme corruption case citing millions of rice farmers who remain unpaid.[69][70][71]

List of countries officially visited[edit]

During Yingluck Shinawatra's tenure as Prime Minister, she traveled to more than 40 countries in an effort to strengthen the relationship between them. Her goals included improvement of trade relations and increased export business investments, and studying water resources management.

Asia[edit]

Num Country/Territory Note
1  India Visited as a guest of the government. and attended the ASEAN-India Car Rally at Vigyan Bhawan.
2  Cambodia Helped support the Cambodian to buy products of Thailand, and met Hun Sen
3  South Korea Swearing in ceremony was attended by the President Park Geun-hye, Republic of Korea.
4  China Helped support the Chinese to buy products of Thailand and high-speed rail discussions to develop joint projects. Signed a cooperation agreement on the trade and economic relations between Thailand
5  Bangladesh Discuss with the private sector and businessmen. During a dinner party. Organized by the Board of Investment of Thailand (BOI) and the Association of Bangladesh Chambers of Commerce and Industry (FBCCI) at the Radisson Hotel.
6  Mongolia Attend the Community of Democracies - CD 7th at Mongolia.
7  Sri Lanka Visit as a guest of the government. and Join the celebration of 260 years of the founding families Siam Nikaya in Sri Lanka.
8  Tajikistan The water management of Tajikistan in cooperation with the United Nations.
9  Pakistan Visit as a guest of the government. and relations with Pakistan in a strong economic partnership.
10  Maldives Visit the Smart City Education Chancellor and the transition to salt water.
11  Bahrain Meet Khalifa bin Salman Al Khalifa and MOU Memorandum of Understanding signed between the two countries aimed at developing relations in education. Health and travel around Thailand and Bahrain.
12  Qatar Meet Hamad bin Khalifa Al Thani
13  Kuwait Chaired the opening reception to strengthen the confidence of the Kuwaiti political and economic stability of the country.

Europe[edit]

Num Country/Territory Note
1  Germany Visit as a guest of the government and tight binding partners. The economic crisis, European added value of trade and investment in Thailand.
2  France Exchange opinions on the economic crisis and the trend of French policy towards solving the problems and reinforce bilateral cooperation between them.
3  United Kingdom The bilateral relationship between the Secretary of State; Meets Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms
4  Sweden Met King Carl XVI Gustaf and Queen Silvia of Sweden
5  Belgium Visited Belgium in the 130 years anniversary of the establishment of diplomatic relations between them.
6  Poland Student academic cooperation. Especially medical science, renewable energy, food processing and agricultural privatization of Poland.
7   Switzerland Meeting 42nd World Economic Forum And Attend a meeting of the UN Human Rights Council's 24th session.
8  Italy Seeks Italy's partnership in strengthening South East Asian & South European cooperation[72]
9   Vatican City Met Pope Francis in private audience
10  Turkey Both sides agreed to free trade agreements (FTA) Thailand–Turkey trade value to increase substantially within the next 5 years.
11  Montenegro Open a new relationship and Special visit as a guest of the government.

Africa[edit]

Num Country/Territory Note
1  Mozambique Technologies into the private sector. Mozambique is a country in Africa with a high growth rate.
2  Tanzania Knowledge about natural gas. The mining. And wildlife conservation.
3  Uganda Exchange of academic knowledge, both agriculture and fisheries.
4  Nigeria How to manage nation major source of income oil and gas

Asia-Pacific[edit]

Num Country/Territory Note
1  Australia Visit as a guest of the government.
2  New Zealand Visit as a guest of the government.
3  Papua New Guinea Visit as a guest of the government.

ASEAN[edit]

Num Country/Territory Note
1  Brunei Visit as a guest of the government.
2  Cambodia Visit as a guest of the government.
3  Indonesia Visit as a guest of the government.
4  Laos Visit as a guest of the government.
5  Burma Visit as a guest of the government.
6  Vietnam Visit as a guest of the government.
7  Singapore Visit as a guest of the government.
8  Philippines Visit as a guest of the government.
9  Malaysia Visit as a guest of the government.

Ancestry[edit]

Royal decorations[edit]

Yingluck has received the following royal decorations in the Honours System of Thailand:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "'ปู'ปัดบินฮ่องกงพบพี่ชาย ไม่รู้'สมศักดิ์'อยากร่วมรบ." [""Pu" denied flying to Hong Kong to see her brother, not knowing "Somsak"'s joining coaliation"]. Thairath (in Thai) (Bangkok). 8 July 2011. Archived from the original on 19 April 2012. 
  2. ^ "Yingluck, Pheu Thai win in a landslide". Bangkok Post. 3 July 2011. 
  3. ^ CNN, Talking politics with Thailand's PM, 18 December 2008
  4. ^ Yingluck Shinawatra (prime minister of Thailand). Encyclopædia Britannica.
  5. ^ "Yingluck to be 'clone' of ex-PM brother". The China Post (Taiwan). 4 July 2011. 
  6. ^ Kate, Daniel Ten (16 May 2011). "Sister of Fugitive Ex-Premier Thaksin Chosen as Leader of Opposition Party". Bangkok. Bloomberg L.P. 
  7. ^ Hookway, James (17 May 2011). "New Thai Candidacy". The Wall Street Journal (Bangkok). 
  8. ^ Jonathan Head. "BBC News - Thailand court ousts PM Yingluck Shinawatra". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2014-05-10. 
  9. ^ a b Bangkok Post, Pheu Thai picks Yingluck for PM, 16 June 2011
  10. ^ Seth Mydans: Candidate in Thailand Follows Path of Kin. New York Times, 12 June 2011
  11. ^ The Economist, Too hot for the generals, 15 June 2011
  12. ^ เส้นทางชีวิตผู้หญิงแกร่ง ยิ่งลักษณ์ ชินวัตร, 4 June 2011
  13. ^ Srimalee, Somluck (2 February 2007). "SC Asset to invest Bt2 billion in 2007". The Nation (Thailand). 
  14. ^ "Special Report: Thaksin´s 76 bn THB asset seizure case". Bangkok. NNT. 10 February 2010. 
  15. ^ Taengkhio, Kesinee (21 December 2009). "Thaksin assets case verdict due in January". The Nation (Thailand) (Bangkok). 
  16. ^ Varinthorn.com, อภิสิทธิ์ กับ ยิ่งลักษณ์ นายกแบบไหนที่ประชาชนต้องการ, 6 June 2011
  17. ^ "Thai premier banned from politics, ruling party dissolved: court". Bangkok. AFP. 1 December 2008. 
  18. ^ "ก๊ก"มิ่งขวัญ"ขวาง"ยิ่งลักษณ์"นั่งหัวหน้า พท. อ้าง"ผู้จัดการอำนาจ"ไม่ปลื้มนามสกุล"ชินวัตร"" ["Mingkwan" faction obstructs "Yingluck" as PTP leader, claims "power manager" does not like surname "Shinawatra"]. Matichon Online (in Thai) (Bangkok). 6 January 2011. 
  19. ^ AP, US envoy in 2009 forecast rise of Thaksin's sister, 14 June 2011
  20. ^ "ดีเอสไอโชว์ผลงานตรวจท่อน้ำเลี้ยงเสื้อแดง" [DSI shows red shirt funding]. Post Today (in Thai) (Bangkok). Siam Intelligence. 17 June 2010. 
  21. ^ Phoosuphanusorn, Srisamorn (28 January 2011). "Yingluck rules out taking Puea Thai helm". Bangkok Post. 
  22. ^ Yingluck takes centre stage, Bangkok Post, 17 May 2011 
  23. ^ Thailand army 'will accept' Thaksin sister election win, BBC News, 4 July 2011 
  24. ^ "Yingluck: We'll reconcile". The Straits Times. 3 July 2011. 
  25. ^ Ashayagachat, Achara (21 April 2011). "One year on, truth about crackdown remains elusive". Bangkok Post. 
  26. ^ Xin Hua, Profile: Yingluck Shinawatra, 4 July 2011
  27. ^ Abhisit Vejjajiva, จากใจอภิสิทธิ์ถึงคนไทยทั้งประเทศ
  28. ^ "Abhisit: It's us or chaos". The Straits Times. 3 July 2011. 
  29. ^ Daily News, ยิ่งลักษณ์เปิดวิสัยทัศน์ 2020 คนไทยหายจน[dead link], 2 June 2011
  30. ^ Fernquest, Jon (27 May 2011). "Credit cards for farmers and more". Bangkok Post. 
  31. ^ Yingluck Shinawatra, วิเคราะห์ โครงการคอมพิวเตอร์มือถือสำหรับนักเรียนทุกคน (One Tablet PC Per Child) ของพรรคเพื่อไทย, Thursday, 30 June 2011 at 5:46 pm
  32. ^ "Yingluck Shinawatra opposition leads Thai exit polls". BBC News. 3 July 2011. Retrieved 5 July 2011. 
  33. ^ "Official balloting outcome". The Nation (Thailand) (Bangkok). 5 July 2011. 
  34. ^ NNA News, [1], 3 กค. 2554 20:09 น.
  35. ^ Reuters, Myanmar's Suu Kyi keeps low profile on upcountry trip, 5 July 2011
  36. ^ Intathep, Lamphai (6 July 2011). "Suu Kyi welcomes outcome". Bangkok Post. AFP. 
  37. ^ Jagran Post, Yingluck to lead Thailand coalition; military accepts poll verdict, 5 July 2011
  38. ^ NDP joins coalition, Bangkok Post, 7 July 2011, retrieved 9 Aug 2011 
  39. ^ "Gen Prawit: Army accepts election". Bangkok Post. AFP. 4 July 2011. 
  40. ^ "Assembly convoked to select PM this 5 August" (in Thai). Thairath. 3 August 2011. Retrieved 3 August 2011. 
  41. ^ Yingluck elected prime minister, Bangkok Post, 5 Aug 2011, retrieved 5 Aug 2011 
  42. ^ "296 favoured Yingluck's premiership, 197 abstained.". Nation Channel. 5 August 2011. Retrieved 8 August 2011. 
  43. ^ Ussavasodhi, Santibhap (8 August 2011). "Yingluck royally endorsed 28th PM of Thailand". Public Relations Department. National News Bureau of Thailand (NNT). 255408080021. Retrieved 9 August 2011. "Pheu Thai party-listed MP Yingluck Shinawatra has been royally endorsed the 28th prime minister of Thailand." 
  44. ^ See Proclamation on Appointment of Prime Minister (Yingluck Shinawatra) dated 5 August 2011.
  45. ^ New cabinet set up., Thairath, 9 Aug 2011, retrieved 9 Aug 2011 
  46. ^ "Chaloem to be Deputy PM." (in Thai). Thairath. 8 August 2011. Retrieved 8 August 2011. 
  47. ^ Polls show Yingluck is most popular Thai Minister – Part 2, Bangkok Pundit (Asian correspondent), 17 August 2011 
  48. ^ World Business Times (CNN), 21 October 2011 
  49. ^ North, Northeast inundated by effects of Nock-ten, Bangkok Post, 1 August 2011 
  50. ^ Yingluck to visit flooded provinces, Bangkok Post, 12 August 2011 
  51. ^ Death toll in ravaged provinces climbs to 37, Bangkok Post, 22 August 2011 
  52. ^ La Nina to raise risk of flooding, The Nation, 23 August 2011 
  53. ^ Military wants PM to declare state of emergency in capital, The Nation, 15 October 2011 
  54. ^ Disaster warning issued for Bangkok, The Nation, 21 October 2011 
  55. ^ a b Drastic overhauling for Thai Cabinet, Asia One, 18 January 2012, retrieved 19 January 2012 
  56. ^ Yingluck Enhances Unity with Cabinet Reshuffle, CRI, 19 January 2012, retrieved 19 January 2012 
  57. ^ Petty, Martin (19 January 2012), Thai PM gives cabinet post to U.S. blacklisted businesswoman, Reuters, retrieved 19 January 2012 
  58. ^ New Thai minister on US blacklist for Mugabe links, AFP, 19 January 2012, retrieved 19 January 2012 
  59. ^ New Thai minister on US blacklist, Asia One, 19 January 2012, retrieved 19 January 2012 
  60. ^ A new cabinet reshuffle in Thailand, Bahrain News Agency (BNA), 19 January 2012, retrieved 19 January 2012 
  61. ^ Doksone, Thanyarat (18 January 2012), Thai 'Red Shirt' Firebrand Appointed to Cabinet, ABC News, retrieved 19 January 2012 
  62. ^ Blacklisted Businesswoman, Red Shirt Leader Join Thai Cabinet, Voice of America, 18 January 2012, retrieved 19 January 2012 
  63. ^ Chachavalpongpun, Pavin (10 August 2010), Thailand's New Yingluck Cabinet, Asia Sentinel, retrieved 19 January 2012 
  64. ^ a b Roberts, John (6 July 2013). "Thai cabinet reshuffle amid growing economic uncertainty". WSWS. Retrieved 7 July 2013. 
  65. ^ Calamur, Krishnadev. "Thai Prime Minister Dissolves Parliament, Calls New Elections". NPR. Retrieved 9 December 2013. 
  66. ^ "Yingluck to be probed, ex-ministers charged on rice scheme". Post Publishing. Retrieved 16 January 2014. 
  67. ^ "PM Admits Rice Panel Absences". Post Publishing. Retrieved 28 November 2013. 
  68. ^ "Cour rules on PM's fate". Bangkok Post (Bangkok). 7 May 2014. 
  69. ^ "Ousted Yingluck to face impeachment over rice-pledging scheme". The Nation (Bangkok). 8 May 2014. 
  70. ^ "Yingluck indicted on rice-pledging scheme". Xinhua (China). 8 May 2014. 
  71. ^ "Business lobbies, academics blast rice subsidies, govt’s ‘insincere’ anti-graft sentiments". Thailand. 13 February 2014. 
  72. ^ Thailand seeks Italy's partnership in strengthening Asean cooperation - The Nation

External links[edit]

Political offices
Preceded by
Abhisit Vejjajiva
Prime Minister of Thailand
2011–2014
Succeeded by
Niwatthumrong Boonsongpaisan
Acting