Street view of Yingxiu, July 2005.
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Total||115.12 km2 (44.45 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,012 m (3,320 ft)|
|• Density||60/km2 (160/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
Yingxiu (Chinese: 映秀; pinyin: Yìngxiù) is a town of southern Wenchuan County, northwestern Sichuan province of Southwest China. It is located at the southern end of the Ngawa Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture, and lies on the road to Jiuzhaigou Valley, Wolong and the Siguniang Mountains (四姑娘山). It is located 47 kilometres (29 mi) south of the county urban centre, and just 14 kilometres (8.7 mi) west of the city of Dujiangyan. The town has an area of 115 square kilometres (44 sq mi), and as of 2007, a population of 6,906.
It is at the epicentre and one of the single worst hit areas of the 2008 Sichuan Earthquake. 80% of the town was destroyed by the earthquake. The town was the first journalists were able to reach inside Wenchuan County. Benevolence Square, built by the Chinese government at the epicentre of the earthquake, contains a huge boulder lying below the surface and surrounded by a moat. A plaque, in Chinese and English, reads as follows: Benevolence Square: It was arable land before the earthquake. A boulder flew down here during the earthquake, people engraved it with the words 5.12 Epicenter Yingxiu . This boulder has flat surfaces, is 11 meters long, 8 meters high and 3 meters wide, just opposite to Niuquan Valley Seismic focus. Now as the iconic site of the earthquake, people all over the world go here to pay homage to the victims, and the name ‘Benevolence Square’ derived. Shuttle buses bring passengers to an outdoor relics area consisting of a badly damaged clock and school.If you decide to walk, you will cross a newly reconstructed village to that area.
- (Chinese) Profile of Yingxiu.
- (Chinese) Webpage of the Yingxiu Government, official website of Sichuan Government Personnel Organization.
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