Yinnar, Victoria

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Yinnar
Victoria
Yinnar Sign 1999.jpg
Yinnar is located in City of Latrobe
Yinnar
Yinnar
Coordinates 38°19′S 146°19′E / 38.317°S 146.317°E / -38.317; 146.317Coordinates: 38°19′S 146°19′E / 38.317°S 146.317°E / -38.317; 146.317
Population 585 (2006)[1]
Postcode(s) 3869
Location
LGA(s) City of Latrobe
County Buln Buln
State electorate(s) Morwell
Federal Division(s) Gippsland
Localities around Yinnar:
Hazelwood Morwell Churchill
Thorpdale Yinnar Jeeralang Junction
Mirboo North Boolarra Yinnar South

Yinnar is a tranquil rural township located in the Latrobe Valley, in central Gippsland, Victoria, Australia. At the 2006 census, Yinnar had a population of 585. The origin of the name Yinnar is believed to have been derived from the Aboriginal term yinnar, meaning 'woman'.[2]

History[edit]

Yinnar began its life as a part of Scrubby Forest Station at Middle Creek, which as its name implies, was pretty heavily wooded. Its southern section was quite mountainous, so its area of practical use was estimated as ten square miles. The first holders were Nicol Brown and Billy Hillier. Eventually they divided the station into two with Middle Creek being the line of division, Brown taking the western half and Hillier the eastern half. Billy's Creek was named after Billy Hillier. They held their leases from 1848 to 1868.[3] George Firmin arrived at Middle Creek in 1874 and took over Scrubby Forest West, which he divided into what was known as the Scrubby Forest Run. Due to this the Firmin family are said to be the first settlers of Yinnar. Other early selectors on Scrubby Forest Run were Henry Wicks and John Quigley. In 1885 George Firmin handed the license back to the Government so the farming areas were made available to selectors.[4] The town was surveyed in May 1885 and two months later one hundred allotments were auctioned to selectors at the offices of Mr Wicks' agents.[5]

The area called Middle Creek and Scrubby Forest became known as Yinnar in 1879.[6] George Firmin's wife Maria and their eleven children came to live with him in the bark hut at the Scrubby Forest Run in 1898. They were the first family to live in Yinnar.[7]

Many of the first buildings in Yinnar were established in the 1880s by Mr. John Quigley and Mr. Henry Wicks, two of the early settlers in Yinnar. The buildings by Mr Quigley included Quigley's house, a store, a butcher’s shop, a boarding house and a wine saloon. Mr Wicks was the builder of the first hotel.[8]

Despite many fires over the years some of the earlier buildings of Yinnar are still around today.

On 2 December 1927 the State Electricity Commission of Victoria announced that a supply of electricity had been made available to the town of Yinnar.[9]

Arts[edit]

Yinnar is home to an eclectic arts community which has brought it to boast two art galleries in its main street. Also in the main street is the general store, which offers a range of locally made gifts and produce.

Arc Yinnar 'Arc Yinnar' is an art resource collective which includes a large gallery featuring local and national artists. It also includes large studio spaces for use by local artists.

Matchbox Gallery

In a restored building over one hundred years old is 'Matchbox Gallery'. This gallery features numerous local artists and has recently been converted to include a bed and breakfast.

Scenery[edit]

Centenary Garden

The Centenary Gardens located in Main Street, Yinnar were officially opened by William C. Welsh ESQ. J.P. on 10 March 1974 to commemorate the centenary of the arrival of the first settlers in the Yinnar district. The Centenary Garden includes the Railway Goods Shed, play equipment, picnic tables, barbecue area, information and public toilets.

CWA Park

The CWA Park located in Main Street, Yinnar was named to commemorate the Country Women's Association golden jubilee.

Charles Bond Park

Morwell National Park

Located only fifteen minutes from the centre of town is the Morwell National Park in Yinnar South.

Hazelwood Pondage

Located only five minutes from the centre of town is Hazelwood Pondage. A popular artificial lake with water temperatures of around 25 degrees Celsius all year round. The lake allows public access for sailing, boating and other recreational water sports all year round. The lake also has a caravan park on its shores which is a popular holiday spot during the warmer months.

Strzelecki Trail

Yinnar is a popular tourist stop on the Strzelecki Trail also known as tourism 'Route 94'. 'Route 94' marks the scenic drive through central Gippsland from the Latrobe Valley into the Strzelecki Ranges through villages such as Yinnar, Boolarra and Mirboo North, farmland, lakes, forests and national parks such as Tarra Bulga National Park and Morwell National Park.

Shops[edit]

General Store

The first store to be built in Yinnar was conducted as a general store and drapery.[10] It was built in the northern end of town and first owned by Mr John Quigley during the 1880s. Early on the store's sign read as W.T. Sheffield, General Store Keeper and Draper however it was also known informally as Quigley's Store.[8] The general store was later run by Mr John More and also operated as a newsagency, during this time the store's sign read as John More's General Store. The store was later destroyed by fire on 26 March 1912. The fire broke out at 9:00pm in the rear of the store and quickly spread to Robinson's Bakery and Mr Robinson's dwelling which was next door. More's stock was insured in the Commercial Union Company for £1,000. The building, which was owned by the trustees of the estate of the late Mr T Walsh, was insured for £300.[11]

The current Yinnar General Store building, located at 44 main street, is one of only three brick buildings originally built in the town. The others being the Cream and Butter Factory and the Butchers Shop. The building was established in December 1912[12] by Mr John Hall and was named the Universal Emporium.[13] Mr John Hall had previously conducted D. C. Mills and Co. Pty. Ltd in Morwell which he purchased in 1894. An avenue of trees in Hazelwood Road, Morwell were planted as a monument to his memory.[14]

Universal Emporium was taken over by the Vinning Family c. 1919 and was renamed the Vinning Bros. General Store, also known as Federal Emporium . In September 1959, Geoff and Joan Mosley purchased the General Store with Ian and Winifred Jones, who later went on to open the Churchill Newsagency. The store was renamed the Yinnar General Store in 1959.[15] The Yinnar General Store was purchased in late 1976 by Herb and Janette Smith who ran the store until c. 1984 when it was purchased by Wayne and Marg Bassee. In c. 1986 the store was leased to the Cleary family. The store was later purchased in c. 1987 by the Linton family. In the late 1980s the front facade of the building was modernised to incorporate the neighboring post office building.[13] In November 2010 the Yinnar General Store business was purchased by the Dennis family. The building has remained as a General Store for around one hundred years. It includes a newsagency and other services for the community.

Post Office

Yinnar Post Office opened on 1 May 1884.[16]

Farm Supplies & Hardware Stores

Jack Scott & Sons Farm Supplies & Produce has been a part of the town for many years and offers a range of items including hardware.

Taylor's Boot Shop and Saddlery also known as Taylor's Store was run by D. E. Taylor. The building was established on land around 64 Main Street. The business stocked footwear, saddlery, stationery and sporting goods. It was a prosperous business before the motor car and railway together reduced the significance of horses. The business was later destroyed by fire.

Food and Produce[edit]

Bakery

The first bakery in Yinnar was built between 1880 and 1900. It was run by Mr Robinson and was known as Robinson's Bakery. It was later destroyed by fire on 26 March 1912. The fire broke out at 9:00pm in the rear of John More's General Store which was next door and quickly spread to the bakery and Mr Robinson's house. The bakery and house, owned by Mr T Bolger, were insured in the New Zealand National Company for £200, and the stock was covered by a policy of £150 in the Patriotic Company.[11] A new bakery was then built. It was run by Mr. Geo. Preston and was known as Yinnar Bakery during the 1930s.

Butchery

The first butchers shop in Yinnar was built in the 1880s by Mr John Quigley[8] and was operated by Mr Arthur Williams from 1892 to 1911. At other times the premises were also used as a sweet shop, bank, dentist and barber.[17] The current butchers shop in Yinnar is known as Webster's Butchery and is located at 64 main street.

Hotel

The first hotel in Yinnar was built in c. 1885 by Mr. Henry Wicks. It was an establishment of twelve rooms, five stalls and accommodation. The first licencee was William M Jensens. The building was destroyed by fire in 1914 and a new hotel was built in 1916. During the flu epidemic the hotel was temporarily closed and used as a hospital.[18]

On 1 September 1972 the Yinnar Community Hotel Co-operative Limited was registered and the Hotel became known as the Yinnar Community Hotel.[19] The Yinnar Community Hotel was one of the first co-operative community owned hotels in Australia. It currently serves as a hotel, pub, bar and bistro.[20]

Wine Saloon

The first wine saloon in Yinnar was built by Mr John Quigley in the 1880s.[8] It was run as a wine cafe and billiard saloon by Mr R Taylor and was known as the Railway Coffee Palace. The building was later destroyed by fire in the early morning of 26 September 1910. The owner at the time, Mrs Quigley, had insured the building for over £700 in the Commercial Union office. Mr Taylor's stock was insured for £960 in the New Zealand Fire Insurance Company.[21]

Creamery & Butter Factory

A co-operative butter factory opened in Creamery Road, Yinnar in 1891. The factory was sold in 1901 to Wood & Co. who modernised and upgraded the machinery. In 1915 the factory was purchased by Hussey. The factory was later demolished.[22]

A new butter factory was established in 1929 and was located at main street, Yinnar. This factory was later operated by Nestlé from 1940[23] and Murray Goulburn.[24] Since 1982 the factory has been used by an art resource collective 'Arc Yinnar'.[25]

Trades[edit]

Mechanics

There are two mechanical repairs shops in Yinnar. 'Mark Smee Motors' and 'Stirling Motors'.

Landmarks[edit]

Anglican Church

The first church was established in 1888 on land donated by Mr. George Firmin[8][26] this was the United Church (Anglican, Presbyterian & Methodist) which is now known as St Matthews.

Methodist Church

Yinnar Methodist Church was established 6 October 1934.[27]

Catholic Church

The Yinnar Catholic Church Our Lady Of Good Council was established 26 April 1903 on land donated by Mr John Quigley.[28]

Church of England

The Church of England in Yinnar South known as Holy Innocents was established in 1894.[29]

Mechanics' Institute

The Mechanics’ Institute was built in 1888.[8] It served as a community centre for the district until its ultimate destruction by fire in 1963.

Memorial Hall

The Yinnar and District Memorial Hall is located in the main street.

War Memorial

The Yinnar war memorial, located in main street, was unveiled on 1 December 1920.[30]

Bell Tower

In 1921, with first settlers George and Maria Firmin deceased, the Firmin family chose a church bell as a memorial to them. The bell was cast in Melbourne, and a suitable inscription added. The bell was erected in a tower at the back of the church and stood until the church was closed and the building and tower removed in the 1990s. In 2006, the Co-Operating Church Parish Council decided to take steps to have St Matthew's bell installed at the Church in Main St. Yinnar. The Yinnar and District Community Association was contacted. They suggested a survey of the town's people. This survey was well patronized. As the bell was the property of the Anglican Church the church then contacted the Anglican Bishop of Gippsland, the Right Rev John McIntyre. Bishop John offered the bell to the Yinnar Community to be erected on public land as an historical monument to help the town recognize and remember the pioneering family of George and Maria Firmin. Four years of planning followed, with liaison with Latrobe City Council, Yinnar and District Association, Pro Draft P.L. (construction), grant funding etc. The memorial bell tower was established on 8 August 2010.[7]

Education[edit]

The only school in Yinnar, No. 2419, was established on 22 August 1881.[31] It currently serves as a primary school, Yinnar Primary School, with less than two hundred students currently enrolled. Classes run from grades prep to six for children from five to twelve years of age.[32]

Yinnar also has a playgroup, 'Possums of Yinnar Playgroup' which is located in the Main Street.

Transport[edit]

Railway

The township of Yinnar came into existence due to the Gippsland branch railway line that ran from Morwell to Mirboo North. The Mirboo North railway line arrived in 1885 and the railway station at the 'seven mile peg' became the nucleus for a township.[8]

The Yinnar Railway Goods Shed was built in 1887. It is located in Centenary Park in the main street of Yinnar and is now occupied by the Yinnar historical society.[33][34]

The Better Farming Train toured East Gippsland in 1927. On 13 October 1927 it visited Yinnar.[35]

Agriculture[edit]

In 1921 the first herd testing association in Gippsland was formed at Yinnar.[36]

Clubs[edit]

The town has had a variety of sporting and recreation groups over time including a football and netball club, cricket club, bowls club and scouts group.

Football Club

The Yinnar Football and Netball Club is home to an Australian rules football team named the Yinnar Magpies competing in the Mid Gippsland Football League. The Yinnar Magpies were the Mid Gippsland premiers in 1939, 1954, 1964, 1967, 1969, 1970, 1971, 1973, 1998, 2001, 2004 and 2008 where in 2008, Josh Garth won the best on ground.[37][38] The Yinnar Football Club was established in 1884.[39] The Yinnar Football and Netball Club makes use of the Yinnar Recreation Reserve in jumbuk road, Yinnar.

Cricket Club

The local cricket club is named the Morwell Tigers / Yinnar Raiders Cricket Club and is part of the Traralgon and District Cricket Association.[40][41] The first cricket club in Yinnar was established in the early 1930s.[42]

Judo Club

The Yinnar & District Judo Club, trains at Yinnar Primary School.[43]

Bowls Club

The Yinnar Bowling Club was formed 22 February 1954 and is located in main street, Yinnar.[44]\

Tennis Club

The Yinnar Tennis Club was formed c. 1917.[44]

Lions Club

The Yinnar and District Lions Club was charted by the Churchill Lions Club in 1985.[45]

Yinnar RSL

The Yinnar RSL club rooms are located in the main street.

Scouts Group

The First Yinnar Scout Group meets at the scout hall in main street, yinnar.

Angling Club

There are two fishing clubs nearby, Yinnar Angling Club and Latrobe Valley Fly Fishing Club.[46] The Yinnar Angling Club was first formed prior to 1918 and was re-formed in 1946.[47]

Racing Club

The Yinnar Racing Club was formed in 1886. The first race meeting was held in 1887, at what was commonly called the Yinnar racecourse at Lavinia Park, which since became part of a farm.[48]

Golf Club

In the past Yinnar had a golf club with a nine hole course traversing the original recreation reserve and a sizeable amount of the Firmin property.[49]

Athletic Club

In the past Yinnar had an athletic club which was formed between 1933 and 1944.[50]

Basketball Club

The Yinnar basketball club was formed in the 1930s.[51]

Badminton Club

The first meeting of the Yinnar Badminton Club was held on 21 February 1956.[52]

Rifle Club

The Yinnar Rifle Club was formed in August 1913.[53]

Images[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Yinnar (State Suburb)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 2007-10-01. 
  2. ^ Mickelethwaite Curr, Edward (1886). "The Australian Race: its origin, languages, customs, place of landing in Australia and the routes by which it spread itself over the continent", p.320. J. Ferres.
  3. ^ Morwell Historical Society "The Four Squatting Stations: Scrubby Forest Station" Retrieved on 2010-11-06.
  4. ^ Batza, Hilma (2004) "Billys Creek" Churchill & District News, P.19, Issue 23, Thursday 11 November 2004. Retrieved on 2010-09-22.
  5. ^ Latrobe City Council. (2008). "Latrobe City Heritage Study. Volume 1: Thematic Environmental History", Yinnar, p.52. Context Pty Ltd
  6. ^ Batza, Hilma (2004) "Yinnar Primary School: 125 years of history: Part 1" Churchill & District News: A Churchill and District History Series: Looking Back... Through the eyes of local residents, P.14, Issue 47, February 2007. Retrieved on 2010-09-22.
  7. ^ a b Article (2010) "Historic Bell Returned To Yinnar" Churchill & District News, P.1,2 Issue 87, 15 September 2010. Retrieved on 2010-11-06.
  8. ^ a b c d e f g Latrobe City Council. (2008). "Latrobe City Heritage Study. Volume 1: Thematic Environmental History", p.52. Context Pty Ltd
  9. ^ Article "The Argus" Newspaper Melbourne. Vic (1927) "Electricity for Yinnar p.21, Saturday 3 December 1927
  10. ^ Yinnar Centenary Committee (1974). "Yinnar, 1874–1974 : then and now / edited by Karl Shoemaker" p.50. Gippsland Printers.
  11. ^ a b Article "The Argus" Newspaper Melbourne. Vic (1912) "Outbreak of Fire - Two Shops Destroyed." p.11, Wednesday 27 March 1912
  12. ^ Article (1912) "Social Evening" Morwell Advertiser & Gazette, P.3, 6 December 1912. Retrieved on 2012-09-21. Link: http://trove.nla.gov.au/ndp/del/page/6329991
  13. ^ a b Latrobe City Council "General Store" Historical Information Plaque (Located in Main Street, Yinnar, Vic 3869). Retrieved on 2011-02-03
  14. ^ Vary, Llew. "Harking Back" page.4 Morwell Advertiser and Gazette, Beginning Thursday July 30, 1942. Transcribed by Kaye O’Reilly. Retrieved on 2011-02-10.
  15. ^ Place, Ruth. "Oh there’s Mrs. 96 Howard Avenue!" Churchill & District News, Issue 19, P.1,3, July 2004. Retrieved on 2010-09-17.
  16. ^ Premier Postal History, Post Office List, retrieved 2008-04-11 
  17. ^ Latrobe City Council "Main Street" Historical Information Plaque (Located in Main Street, Yinnar, Vic 3869). Retrieved on 2010-10-19
  18. ^ Latrobe City Council "Hotel" Historical Information Plaque (Located in Main Street, Yinnar, Vic 3869). Retrieved on 2011-02-20
  19. ^ Co-operatives Australia Co-operative Profiles Victoria
  20. ^ Co-operative Development Website Ethical investor community buyouts
  21. ^ Article "The Argus" Newspaper Melbourne. Vic (1912) "Fires in the country" p.10, Wednesday 28 September 1910
  22. ^ Yinnar Centenary Committee (1974). "Yinnar, 1874–1974 : then and now / edited by Karl Shoemaker" p.35. Gippsland Printers.
  23. ^ Latrobe City Council. (2008). "Latrobe City Heritage Study. Volume 1: Thematic Environmental History", p.63. Context Pty Ltd
  24. ^ Latrobe City Council. (2008). "Latrobe City Heritage Study. Volume 1: Thematic Environmental History", p.20. Context Pty Ltd
  25. ^ Arc Yinnar official website 'Home' page. "Arc Yinnar" Retrieved on 2010-09-17.
  26. ^ Yinnar Centenary Committee (1974). "Yinnar, 1874–1974 : then and now / edited by Karl Shoemaker" p.40,44. Gippsland Printers.
  27. ^ Yinnar Centenary Committee (1974). "Yinnar, 1874–1974 : then and now / edited by Karl Shoemaker" p.42. Gippsland Printers.
  28. ^ Yinnar Centenary Committee (1974). "Yinnar, 1874–1974 : then and now / edited by Karl Shoemaker" p.43. Gippsland Printers.
  29. ^ Yinnar Centenary Committee (1974). "Yinnar, 1874–1974 : then and now / edited by Karl Shoemaker" p.37. Gippsland Printers.
  30. ^ Morwell Historical Society "Snippets: War Memorial - Yinnar" Retrieved on 2010-11-06.
  31. ^ Morwell Historical Society "Snippets: Yinnar School" Retrieved on 2010-09-17.
  32. ^ Yinnar Primary School School Info
  33. ^ Latrobe City "Yinnar shed provides a trip down memory lane" Latrobe City Link: Our passion for collecting, P.12, Issue 43, April 2009. Retrieved on 2010-09-17.
  34. ^ Latrobe City "Heritage signs depict Yinnar’s vibrant history" Latrobe City Link: A Glimpse of Heritage, P.19, Issue 40, March 2008. Retrieved on 2010-09-17.
  35. ^ Article "The Argus" Newspaper Melbourne. Vic (1927) "Better Farming Train - Tour of East Gippsland" p.10, Friday 7 October 1927
  36. ^ Latrobe City Council. (2008). "Latrobe City Heritage Study. Volume 1: Thematic Environmental History", Dairying, p.20. Context Pty Ltd
  37. ^ Australian Rules Football Yinnar Football Club: Club Details
  38. ^ Sports Pages Yinnar Football and Netball Club
  39. ^ McGregor, Hugh (1984) Yinnar Football Club, 1884-1984 Yinnar Football Club Centenary Committee
  40. ^ Cricket Victoria Clubs Morwell Tigers / Yinnar Raiders
  41. ^ My Cricket Traralgon and District Cricket Association
  42. ^ Yinnar Centenary Committee (1974). "Yinnar, 1874–1974 : then and now / edited by Karl Shoemaker" p.92. Gippsland Printers.
  43. ^ Yinnar South Newsletter Article "In The Family at National Judo Titles" P.5, Issue No.3, July 2010. Retrieved on 2010-09-21
  44. ^ a b Yinnar Centenary Committee (1974). "Yinnar, 1874–1974 : then and now / edited by Karl Shoemaker" p.90. Gippsland Printers.
  45. ^ Yinnar South Newsletter Article "Yinnar and District Lions Club Celebration" P.4, Issue No.3, July 2010. Retrieved on 2010-09-21
  46. ^ Article (2010) "Family Fishing Day At Lake Hyland" Churchill & District News, P.13 Issue 83, 20 May 2010. Retrieved on 2010-11-06.
  47. ^ Yinnar Centenary Committee (1974). "Yinnar, 1874–1974 : then and now / edited by Karl Shoemaker" p.95. Gippsland Printers.
  48. ^ Yinnar Centenary Committee (1974). "Yinnar, 1874–1974 : then and now / edited by Karl Shoemaker" p.98. Gippsland Printers.
  49. ^ Yinnar Centenary Committee (1974). "Yinnar, 1874–1974 : then and now / edited by Karl Shoemaker" p.91. Gippsland Printers.
  50. ^ Yinnar Centenary Committee (1974). "Yinnar, 1874–1974 : then and now / edited by Karl Shoemaker" p.93. Gippsland Printers.
  51. ^ Yinnar Centenary Committee (1974). "Yinnar, 1874–1974 : then and now / edited by Karl Shoemaker" p.94. Gippsland Printers.
  52. ^ Yinnar Centenary Committee (1974). "Yinnar, 1874–1974 : then and now / edited by Karl Shoemaker" p.96. Gippsland Printers.
  53. ^ Yinnar Centenary Committee (1974). "Yinnar, 1874–1974 : then and now / edited by Karl Shoemaker" p.97. Gippsland Printers.