Yitzchok Zev Soloveitchik

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Rabbi Yitzchok Zev Soloveitchik
The Brisker Rav
Yitzchak Zev Soloveitchik.jpg
Reb Velvel (Yitzchok Zev) Soloveitchik
Personal details
Birth name Yitzchok Zev Soloveitchik
Born 19 October 1886
Valozhyn, Belarus
Died 11 October 1959
Jerusalem, Israel
Buried Har HaMenuchos, Jerusalem[1]
Denomination Orthodox
Parents Rabbi Chaim Soloveitchik and Lifsha Shapira
Spouse Alte Hendl Auerbach
Children Freidel (1913–1919)
Yosef Dov
Lifsha (married Rabbi Yechiel Michel Feinstein)
Meshulam Dovid
Boruch Refoel Yehoshua
Gittel Sara Rascha (1926–1942)
Feige Tzirel (1931–1932)
Rivka (married Rabbi Yaakov Schiff)
Naftali Tzvi Yehudah Leib
Shmuel Yaakov
Occupation Rabbi

Yitzchok Zev Halevi Soloveitchik (Hebrew: יצחק זאב הלוי סולובייצ'יק), also known as Velvel Soloveitchik ("Zev" means "wolf" in Hebrew, and "Velvel" is the diminutive of "wolf" in Yiddish) or as the Brisker Rov ("rabbi of/from Brisk", (19 October 1886, Valozhyn – 11 October 1959, Jerusalem), was an Orthodox rabbi and rosh yeshiva of the Brisk yeshiva in Jerusalem, Israel. He was a son of Rabbi Chaim Soloveitchik of Brisk. He is also commonly referred to as the GRYZ, an acronym for Gaon Rabbi Yitzchak Zev ("sage Rabbi Isaac Wolf") and "The Rov".

ראש ישיבת באר יעקב
עם הגאון רבי מנחם זמבא
חתנו של הגאון מבריסק
הגאון מבריסק
הגאון מבריסק
בשדה התעופה
עם הגאון הרב מבריסק
עם ראש ישיבת באר יעקב
חתנו של הגאון מבריסק

Early life and biography[edit]

He served as the town rabbi of the Jewish community in Brisk and was the rosh yeshiva ("dean") of its yeshiva. He fled the Holocaust and moved to Palestine, where he re-established the Brisk Yeshiva in Jerusalem and continued educating students as his father did, in what would come to be known as the Brisker derech (Yiddish: the "Brisk method" or "Brisk approach") of analyzing the Talmud. This form of analysis stressed conceptual understanding combined with strict adherence to the text; it is also characterized by its emphasis on MaimonidesMishneh Torah. After his death, the yeshiva split, each son taking part of the following of the yeshiva.

Soloveitchik was a leader of the Haredi community in Israel and advocated complete withdrawal of participation with the Israeli government, the secular ideals and values of which were, in his view, antithetical to the principles of Orthodox Judaism. He went as far as opposing the reliance on government funding in support of yeshivas and other Torah institutions. This viewpoint was supported by Rabbi Joel Teitelbaum and disputed by Rabbi Elazar Shach.

Before Soloveitchik died, he called his son (Berel Soloveitchik) and Elazar Shach and reviewed the decisions and positions he had taken during his lifetime, so that they could scrutinize them and tell them if in their opinion, he had acted properly.[2]

Halakhic approach[edit]

Soloveitchik was known for his stringency in halakha. This partly stems from his use of the Brisker method of study, in which laws are broken down into precise components, which can then be assembled into new combinations, creating novel halachic possibilities which perhaps a person should be strict to follow or avoid. This, however, does not explain all of his stringencies.

For example, he is reputed to have observed a "second day" of Yom Tov in his home in Jerusalem. Normally, this second day is observed outside the Holy Land, in memory of ancient times, when people far from Jerusalem would not hear about the declaration of the new month and would not know on which day to celebrate holidays. However, the Brisker Rov worried that while the messengers announcing the new month traveled from Jerusalem to the outskirts of the Holy Land, they may not have passed by the exact place where he lived. Taking this possibility into account, he observed a second day of Yom Tov, just to be safe.

However, in one case the Brisker Rov surprised observers by not following a well-known stringency. Halakha says that on Sukkot, one is required to eat certain foods in a sukkah, and it is praiseworthy but not required that all eating and drinking to take place in the sukkah. However, the Brisker Rov was willing to eat and drink these foods outside the sukkah, explaining that he is only stringent in areas where there is a chance that the stringency might be required by the halakha, whereas in this case, the halakhic permissiveness is unquestionable.

Brisker rabbinic dynasty[edit]

Esti Rosenberg, director of Migdal Oz (seminary)
Rabbi Yitzchok Lichtenstein, Maggid Shiur at Yeshiva Bais Yosef-Novardok Brooklyn branch; mara d’asrah of Kehillas Bais Avrohom, Monsey, NY
Rabbi Yosef Dov (Reb Berel) Soloveitchik
Rabbi Avrohom Yehoshua Soloveitchik
Rabbi Mosheh Lichtenstein, Co-Rosh Yeshiva of Yeshivat Har Etzion
Rabbi Meshulam Dovid (Reb Dovid) Soloveitchik
Rabbi Yitzchak Zev Soloveitchik
Rabbi Mayer Lichtenstein, Rabbi ohel menachem Bet Shemesh
Rabbi Yosef Dov (HaLevi) Soloveitchik
author of Beis HaLevi
Rabbi Chaim Soloveitchik
"Reb Chaim Brisker"
Rabbi Yitzchak Zev (Reb Velvel) Soloveitchik
"The GRIZ"
The Brisker Rov
Lifsha Soloveitchik Feinstein
Dr. Tovah Soloveitchik Lichtenstein
Rabbi Jonathan Rosenblatt
Rabbi Refael Shapiro, Rosh Yeshiva of Volozhin yeshiva
Lifsha Shapiro
Rabbi Refoel Soloveitchik
Rabbi Dr. Aharon Lichtenstein
Tzipporah Rosenblatt
Rabbi Meir Soloveitchik
Dr. Atarah Soloveitchik Twersky
Rabbi Mosheh Twersky, Maggid Shiur at Yeshiva Toras Moshe
Rabbi Dr. Joseph B. (Yosef Dov) Soloveitchik
"The Rav"
Rabbi Dr. Isadore Twersky, Talner Rebbe of Boston
Rabbi Mayer Twersky, Rosh Yeshiva at Rabbi Isaac Elchanan Theological Seminary
Rabbi Moshe Soloveitchik
Rabbi Ahron Soloveichik
Rabbi Dr. Haym Soloveitchik
Rabbi Moshe Soloveichik, Rosh Yeshivas Brisk (Chicago); Rav of Kehilas Beth Sholom Ahavas Achim
Peshka Feinstein Soloveichik
Dr. Samuel Soloveichik
Rabbi Eliyahu Soloveichik, Maggid Shiur at Lander College's Beis Medrash L'Talmud
Rabbi Meir Yaakov Soloveichik
Shulamit Soloveitchik Meiselman
Rabbi Moshe Meiselman, Rosh Yeshiva of Yeshiva Toras Moshe
Rabbi Yosef Soloveichik
Anne Soloveitchik Gerber
Rabbi Chayim Soloveichik, Maggid Shiur at Yeshivat Reishit; Morah D’Asrah of Kehillat Ohr Sholom, Ramat Beit Shemesh
Rabbi Yosef Dov Soloveitchik
Rabbi Shmuel Chaim Soloveitchik
Rabbi Yitzchok Soloveitchik
Rabbi Yisroel Soloveitchik
Rabbi Yisroel Gershon Soloveitchik
Rabbi Moshe Soloveitchik
Rabbi Boruch Soloveitchik
Rabbi Avraham Yeshaya Soloveitchik
Daughter Soloveitchik, Wife of Rabbi Shlomo Zev Karlibach

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Samsonowitz, M. (30 October 2002). "Burial in Jerusalem: The Har Menuchos Cemetery". Dei'ah VeDibur. Retrieved 13 February 2011. 
  2. ^ Mishlei, Volume 1, by Eliezer Ginsburg and Nosson Scherman. pg. 254

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