Yixing

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This article is about the city. For the 8th century monk, inventor, and astronomer, see Yi Xing.
Yixing
宜兴市
County-level city
Yixing is located in Jiangsu
Yixing
Yixing
Location within Jiangsu
Coordinates: 31°21′36″N 119°48′54″E / 31.360°N 119.815°E / 31.360; 119.815Coordinates: 31°21′36″N 119°48′54″E / 31.360°N 119.815°E / 31.360; 119.815
Country People's Republic of China
Province Jiangsu
Prefecture-level city Wuxi
Municipal seat Yicheng Subdistrict (宜城街道)
Area
 • Total 2,038.7 km2 (787.1 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 1,243,700
 • Density 610/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 214200
Area code(s) 0510
Website www.yixing.gov.cn
The city is famous for its teapots

Yixing (simplified Chinese: 宜兴; traditional Chinese: 宜興; pinyin: Yíxīng) is a county-level city with a population of 1.24 million administrated under the prefecture-level city of Wuxi in southern Jiangsu province, People's Republic of China, and is part of the Yangtze River Delta. With active modern industry as the economical fundamentals, it is more famous for traditional Yixing clay and the pottery made from that—especially the "zisha"-style teapots. It is also famous in China for thousands of scholars and scientists born here, among whom there are 12 academicians of Chinese Academy of Sciences and 13 academicians of Chinese Academy of Engineering.[citation needed]

History[edit]

Yixing county was established in 221 B.C.(Qin Dynasty) with the name of Yangxian(阳羡). Between 303 A.D. and 310 A.D., the local aristocrat Zhou Qi who was the eldest son of General Zhou Chu, suppressed rebellions three times. And then Yangxian was renamed Yixing( 义兴,meaning loyalty and prosperity ) to honor Zhou Qi. In 976 A.D.,Yixing(义兴) was renamed Yixing(宜兴) as a consequence of avoiding the use of the King's name (Zhao Kuangyi, Emperor Taizong of Song).

Tourism[edit]

Yixing is famous for its bamboo forest, water-eroded caves and beautiful natural landscapes. There are 5 national AAAA-level scenic areas in Yixing:
Shanjuan Cave
Bamboo Forest
National Longbeishan Forest Park
Tuanjiu Lake
Sacred Region of Taozu
There are some ancient relics like Guoshan Stele (Three Kingdoms period)*Camel Mound (or Luotuo Dun, Neolithic period).

Location and transport[edit]

Yixing is at the west side of Lake Tai and is almost at the centre of the triangle consisting of Shanghai, Nanjing and Hangzhou. Expressway lines connect Yixing with all main cities in Yangtze River Delta. The distances between Yixing and international airports in this area are:

Shanghai
Hongqiao International Airport 190 km (118 mi), 2-hour-drive
Pudong International Airport 242 km (150 mi), 2.5-hour-drive
Nanjing
Lukou International Airport 108 km (67 mi), 1.5-hour-drive

There are shuttle buses between Yixing and this airport.

Hangzhou
Xiaoshan International Airport 180 km (112 mi), 2-hour-drive
Wuxi
Sunan Shuofang International Airport 95 km (59 mi), 1-hour-drive.

There are two main expressway lines crossing Yixing: Yixing-Shanghai Expressway and Nanjing-Hangzhou Expressway. Since July 1, 2013, the High-speed railway (350 km/h) Nanjing–Hangzhou Intercity Railway, which connects Yixing to Nanjing and Hangzhou, has been put into use, shortening the time of journey to 30 minutes.

Administrative divisions[edit]

Yixing is divided into four subdistricts and 14 towns:[1]

Subdistricts (街道)[edit]

Towns ()[edit]

Economy[edit]

Yixing is among the top 10 county-level cities in China. There are one national Yixing Industrial Park for Environmental Science & Technology and two province-level industrial parks in Yixing.

GDP (US$ billion) GDP per capita (US$) increase by (%)
2010 13.0 10,423 /
2011 15.7 12,663 21.5
2012 17.1 13,769 8.7
2013 19.5 15,631 13.5

Education[edit]

With 100 percent completion of compulsory education, Yixing has a developed educational system consisting of 79 kindergartens, 77 elementary schools, 39 middle schools, 11 high schools, 3 colleges and 2 special schools. The enrollment ratio in higher education reached 93 percent in year 2010.

Notable people[edit]

Academicians of Chinese Academy of Sciences and academicians of Chinese Academy of Engineering

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2011年统计用区划代码和城乡划分代码:宜兴市" (in Simplified Chinese). National Bureau of Statistics of the People's Republic of China. Retrieved 2013-03-13. 

External links[edit]