Ylivieska

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Ylivieska
Town
Ylivieskan kaupunki
Coat of arms of Ylivieska
Coat of arms
Location of Ylivieska in Finland
Location of Ylivieska in Finland
Coordinates: 64°04.5′N 024°32′E / 64.0750°N 24.533°E / 64.0750; 24.533Coordinates: 64°04.5′N 024°32′E / 64.0750°N 24.533°E / 64.0750; 24.533
Country Finland
Region Northern Ostrobothnia
Sub-region Ylivieska sub-region
Charter 1867
Market town 1965
City rights 1971
Government
 • Town manager Terho Ojanperä
Area (2011-01-01)[1]
 • Total 573.12 km2 (221.28 sq mi)
 • Land 568.56 km2 (219.52 sq mi)
 • Water 4.56 km2 (1.76 sq mi)
Area rank 207th largest in Finland
Population (2014-09-30)[2]
 • Total 14,927
 • Rank 81st largest in Finland
 • Density 26.25/km2 (68.0/sq mi)
Population by native language[3]
 • Finnish 99.2% (official)
 • Swedish 0.2%
 • Others 0.7%
Population by age[4]
 • 0 to 14 20.6%
 • 15 to 64 65%
 • 65 or older 14.4%
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Municipal tax rate[5] 21%
Website www.ylivieska.fi
The second oldest concrete bridge in Finland, built in 1912 and named humorously as Savisilta (clay bridge) is located in Ylivieska.

Ylivieska is a town and municipality of Northern Ostrobothnia region, Finland. It has a population of 14,927 (30 September 2014),[2] and it serves as the administrative centre for Kalajokilaakso and Pyhäjokilaakso, an area with about 90,000 inhabitants.

Ylivieska is also the commercial center of the Oulu South region, the southern part of the late Oulu province.

The closest cities near Ylivieska are Oulu (130 km or 81 mi) and Kokkola (79 km or 49 mi), the neighbouring municipalities are Oulainen, Haapavesi, Nivala, Sievi, Kalajoki, Alavieska and Merijärvi.

The municipality is unilingually Finnish.

Geography[edit]

Ylivieska is located in Northern Ostrobothnia about 130 kilometres (80 mi) south of the city of Oulu.

The town is characterized by the Kalajoki River, which runs SE–NW through the town centre. The agricultural and economical area of the Kalajoki river basin is known as Kalajokilaakso.

Ylivieska is situated along the Ostrobothnia railway, which leads from Helsinki, the national capital, to Rovaniemi in the north of the country. The railway was opened in 1886 and it has had a significant role in the town's economical development.

Economy[edit]

Employment by industry (2005)

  • Services 66.1%
  • Industry 28.5%
  • Agriculture and forestry 5.4%
  • Unemployment 11%

Agriculture and animal husbandry, mainly milking cows, used to be the main sources of livelihood in Ylivieska. In recent decades, the role of agriculture has reduced following the development of industry and services. Currently, Ylivieska is home to about 30 industrial enterprises, some of which are also internationally recognized in their respective niche markets.

Regionally, Ylivieska has become an important place for car buyers. There are several stores and agents selling new and used cars, and purchases average about 6,000 cars per year. Thus, the local car sales entrepreneurs have created the concept of Ylivieska being the "Autolaakso" or "car valley" of the Kalajokilaakso and neighbouring regions.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Ylivieska is twinned with:

Trivia[edit]

  • The Home Region Museum of Ylivieska features traditional countryside lifestyle, some old buildings, and as a curiosity, a 700-piece collection of milk jugs, with jugs from 15 countries.
  • The specialty foods of Ylivieska are maitorieska, a simple but tasty flat bread made of barley flour, milk and salt, and pepu, which only has the same ingredients as the maitorieska, but instead of being formed into flat breads and baked, pepu is boiled and pan fried. At the neighbouring municipality Sievi, a specialty food is mutti, which is actually unfried pepu.
  • Ylivieska is the home of a spreading agricultural technology called moist grain crimping, developed in the late 1960s by two local brothers.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Area by municipality as of 1 January 2011" (PDF) (in Finnish and Swedish). Land Survey of Finland. Retrieved 9 March 2011. 
  2. ^ a b "VÄESTÖTIETOJÄRJESTELMÄ REKISTERITILANNE 30.09.2014" (in Finnish and Swedish). Population Register Center of Finland. Retrieved 17 November 2014. 
  3. ^ "Population according to language and the number of foreigners and land area km2 by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 29 March 2009. 
  4. ^ "Population according to age and gender by area as of 31 December 2008". Statistics Finland's PX-Web databases. Statistics Finland. Retrieved 28 April 2009. 
  5. ^ "List of municipal and parish tax rates in 2011". Tax Administration of Finland. 29 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Ylivieska at Wikimedia Commons